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  • Taipale, K, et al. (författare)
  • Predictive and prognostic clinical variables in cancer patients treated with adenoviral oncolytic immunotherapy
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Molecular Therapy. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1525-0024 .- 1525-0016. ; 24:7, s. 1323-1332
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The development of oncolytic viruses has recently made great progress towards being available to cancer patients. With the breakthrough into clinics, it is crucial to analyze the existing clinical experience and use it as a basis for treatment improvements. Here we report clinical data from 290 patients treated with oncolytic adenovirus. Using clinical variables and treatment characteristics, we constructed statistical models with regard to treatment response and overall survival. Additionally, we investigated effects of neutralizing antibodies, tumor burden and peripheral blood leucocyte counts on these outcomes. We found the absence of liver metastases to correlate with an improved rate of disease control (p=0.021). In multivariate evaluation, patients treated with viruses coding for immunostimulatory granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor were linked to better prognosis (HR 0.378, p<0.001), as well as women with any cancer type (HR 0.694, p=0.017). In multivariate analysis for imaging response, patients treated via intraperitoneal injection were more likely to achieve disease control (OR 3.246, p=0.027). Patients with low neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio before treatment, had significantly longer overall survival (p<0.001). These findings could explain some of the variation seen in treatment outcomes after virotherapy. Furthermore, the results offer hypotheses for treatment optimization and patient selection in oncolytic adenovirus immunotherapy.Molecular Therapy (2016); doi:10.1038/mt.2016.67.
  • Went, M, et al. (författare)
  • Author Correction: Identification of multiple risk loci and regulatory mechanisms influencing susceptibility to multiple myeloma
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nature communications. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 2041-1723. ; 10:1, s. 213-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The original version of this Article contained an error in the spelling of a member of the PRACTICAL Consortium, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, which was incorrectly given as Manuela Gago Dominguez. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article. Furthermore, in the original HTML version of this Article, the order of authors within the author list was incorrect. The PRACTICAL consortium was incorrectly listed after Richard S. Houlston and should have been listed after Nora Pashayan. This error has been corrected in the HTML version of the Article; the PDF version was correct at the time of publication.
  • Chattopadhyay, S., et al. (författare)
  • Influence of family history on risk of second primary cancers and survival in patients with squamous cell skin cancer
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Dermatology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0007-0963 .- 1365-2133. ; 183:3, s. 488-494
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Patients with squamous cell skin cancer (SCC) have an excellent prognosis but second primary cancers (SPCs) weaken survival prospects. Family history is a known risk factor for cancer but whether it is a risk factor for SPC in patients with SCC is not known. Objectives: To quantify the risk of family history on SPCs in patients with SCC and estimate survival probabilities of patients with SPCs depending on family history. Methods: With 13 945 histologically verified SCCs, relative risks (RRs) were estimated for family history using a generalized regression model. For survival analysis, hazard ratios (HRs) were assessed using a multivariable Cox proportional-hazards model. Results: Family history of invasive SCC increased risk of second invasive SCC [RR = 42·92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 33·69–50·32] compared with risk without family history (RR 19·12, 95% CI 17·88–21·08). Family history of any nonskin cancer in invasive SCC increased risk of the same cancers to be diagnosed as SPC (RRFH = 1·48, 95% CI 1·35–1·61 vs. RRno FH = 1·40, 95% CI 1·32–1·48); significant increases were observed for seven different nonskin cancers. Most results were replicated for in situ SCC. SPC was deleterious for survival irrespective of family history; HR for patients with SPC was 4·28 (95% CI 3·83–4·72) vs. those without SPC (1·04). Conclusions: Family history of nonskin cancer was associated with approximately a doubling of risk for SPCs in patients with SCC. SPC increases the death rate in patients with SCC 3–4 times, irrespective of family history. Taking family history into account at SCC diagnosis may help prevention or early detection of SPCs. What's already known about this topic? Second primary cancers (SPCs) are frequently diagnosed in patients with invasive and in situ squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); some epidemiological studies suggest a link to immune dysfunction. Family history of cancer is a risk factor for practically all first primary cancers but whether it also influences risk of SPCs in patients with SCC is not known. The possible influence of family history on survival in patients with SCC remains to be established.
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