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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Hirschhorn JN) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Hirschhorn JN)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 22
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1.
  • Engert, JC, et al. (författare)
  • 5 ' flanking variants of resistin are associated with obesity
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X. ; 51:5, s. 1629-1634
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Diabetes and obesity have long been known to be related. The recently characterized adipocyte hormone resistin (also called FIZZ3/ADSF) has been implicated as a molecular link between impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and obesity in mice. A search for sequence variants at the human resistin locus identified nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) but no coding variants. An investigation into the association of these SNPs with diabetes and obesity revealed two 5' flanking variants (g.-537 and g.-420), in strong linkage disequilibrium, that are associated with BMI. In nondiabetic individuals from the Quebec City area and the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean region of Quebec, the g.-537 mutation (allelic frequency = 0.04) was significantly associated with an increase in BMI (P = 0.03 and P = 0.01, respectively). When the data from these two populations were combined and adjusted for age and sex, both the g.-537 (odds ratio [OR] 2.72, 95% Cl 1.28-5.81) and the g.-420 variants (1.58, 1.06-2.35) were associated with an increased risk for a BMI greater than or equal to30 kg/m(2). In contrast, in case/control and family-based study populations from Scandinavia, we saw no effect on BMI with either of these promoter variants. No association was seen with diabetes in any of the population samples.
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2.
  • Feigelson, HS, et al. (författare)
  • Haplotype analysis of the HSD17B1 gene and risk of breast cancer: A comprehensive approach to multicenter analyses of prospective cohort studies
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research Inc.. - 1538-7445. ; 66:4, s. 2468-2475
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 gene (HSD17B1) encodes 17HSD1, which catalyzes the final step of estradiol biosynthesis. Despite the important role of HSD17B1 in hormone metabolism, few epidemiologic studies of HSD17B1 and breast cancer have been conducted. This study includes 5,370 breast cancer cases and 7,480 matched controls from five large cohorts in the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium. We characterized variation in HSD17B1 by resequencing and dense genotyping a multiethnic sample and identified haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNP) that capture common variation within a 33.3-kb region around HSD17B1. Four htSNPs, including the previously studied SNP rs605059 (S312G), were genotyped to tag five common haplotypes in all cases and controls. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) for disease. We found no evidence of association between common HSD17B1 haplotypes or htSNPs and overall risk of breast cancer. The OR for each haplotype relative to the most common haplotype ranged from 0.98 to 1.07 (omnibus test for association: X-2 = 3.77, P = 0.58, 5 degrees of freedom). When cases were subdivided by estrogen receptor (ER) status, two common haplotypes were associated with ER-negative tumors (test for trend, Ps = 0.0009 and 0.0076; n = 353 cases). HSD17B1 variants that are common in Caucasians are not associated with overall risk of breast cancer; however, there was an association among the subset of ER-negative tumors. Although the probability that these ER-negative findings are false-positive results is high, these findings were consistent across each cohort examined and warrant further study.
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3.
  • Florez, JC, et al. (författare)
  • Association testing in 9,000 people fails to confirm the association of the insulin receptor substrate-1 G972R polymorphism with type 2 diabetes
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X. ; 53:12, s. 3313-3318
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 is an important component of the insulin signal transduction cascade. Several reports suggest that a Gly-->Arg change in codon 972 is associated with type 2 diabetes and related traits, and a recent meta-analysis reported a modest but nominally significant association with type 2 diabetes (odds ratio [OR] 1.25 in favor of carriers of the Arg allele [95% CI 1.05-1.48). To test the reproducibility of the model in a recent meta-analysis, we examined genotype-phenotype correlation in three large Caucasian samples (not previously reported for this variant) totaling 9,000 individuals (estimated to have >95% power to obtain a P<0.05 for the OR of 1.25 estimated in the meta-analysis). In our combined sample, comprising 4,279 case and 3,532 control subjects, as well as 1,189 siblings discordant for type 2 diabetes, G972R was not associated with type 2 diabetes (OR 0.96 [0.84-1.10], P = 0.60). Genotype at G972R had no significant effect on various measures of insulin secretion or insulin resistance in a set of Scandinavian samples in whom we had detailed phenotypic data. In contrast, the well-documented associations of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma P12A and Kir6.2 E23K with type 2 diabetes are both robustly observed in these 9,000 subjects, including an additional (previously unpublished) confirmation of Kir6.2 E23K and type 2 diabetes in the Polish and North American samples (combined OR 1.15 [1.05-1.261, P = 0.001). Despite genotyping 9,000 people and >95% power to reproduce the estimated OR from the recent meta-analysis, we were unable to replicate the association of the IRS-1 G972R polymorphism with type 2 diabetes.
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4.
  • Florez, JC, et al. (författare)
  • High-density haplotype structure and association testing of the insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) gene with type 2 diabetes in 4,206 people
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X. ; 55:1, s. 128-135
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The insulin-degrading enzyme is responsible for the intracellular proteolysis of insulin. Its gene IDE is located on chromosome 10, in an area with suggestive linkage to type 2 diabetes and related phenotypes. Due to the impact of genetic variants of this gene in rodents and the function of its protein product, it has been proposed as a candidate gene for type 2 diabetes. Various groups have explored the role of the common genetic variation of IDE on insulin resistance and reported associations of various single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes on both type 2 diabetes and glycemic traits. We sought to characterize the haplotype structure of IDE in detail and replicate the association of common variants with type 2 diabetes, fasting insulin, fasting glucose, and insulin resistance. We assessed linkage disequilibrium, selected single-marker and multimarker tags, and genotyped these markers in several case-control and family-based samples totalling 4,206 Caucasian individuals. We observed no statistically significant evidence of association between single-marker or multimarker tests in IDE and type 2 diabetes. Nominally significant differences in quantitative traits are consistent with statistical noise. We conclude that common genetic variation at, IDE is unlikely to confer clinically significant risk of type 2 diabetes in Caucasians.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 22
  • [1]23Nästa

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