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Sökning: WFRF:(Holmer Helene)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 16
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  • Burman, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • Deaths Among Adult Patients With Hypopituitarism: Hypocortisolism During Acute Stress, and De Novo Malignant Brain Tumors Contribute to an Increased Mortality
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. - : The Endocrine Society. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 98:4, s. 1466-1475
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Patients with hypopituitarism have an increased standardized mortality rate. The basis for Objective: To investigate in detail the cause of death in a large cohort of patients with hypopituitarism Design and Methods: All-cause and cause-specific mortality in 1286 Swedish patients with Main Outcome Measures: Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated, with stratification for Results: An excess mortality was found, 120 deaths vs 84.3 expected, SMR 1.42 (95% confidence Conclusion: Two important causes of excess mortality were identified: first, adrenal crisis in response
  • Erfurth, Eva Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Is growth hormone deficiency contributing to heart failure in patients with beta-thalassemia major?
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - : Society of the European Journal of Endocrinology. - 1479-683X .- 0804-4643. ; 151:2, s. 161-166
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A 21-year-old woman with beta-thalassemia major (beta-TM) and GH deficiency developed end-stage heart failure, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class IV, within 3 months after withdrawal of recombinant human growth hormone (GH). A myocardial biopsy excluded myocarditis and showed moderate iron deposit in the heart. Before her admission, intensified treatments with digoxin, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, diuretics and extra chelation therapy (desferrioxamine (DFO)) had not improved her progressive heart failure. At admission, GH was reinstituted together with intensified treatment of cardiac drugs and low doses of DFO, and her heart failure reversed. Four months later, NYHA functional class II was reached and within 1 year her cardiac function was normalised. We suggest that GH deficiency due to iron-induced damage to the hypothalamic-pituitary axis can contribute to heart failure in adult patients with beta-TM.
  • Erfurth, Eva Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Mortality and morbidity in adult craniopharyngioma.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - : Springer. - 1573-7403 .- 1386-341X.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A craniopharyngioma (CP) is an embryonic malformation of the sellar and parasellar region. The annual incidence is 0.5-2.0 cases/million/year and approximately 60 % of CP are seen in adulthood. Craniopharyngiomas have the highest mortality of all pituitary tumors. Typical initial manifestations at diagnosis in adults are visual disturbances, hypopituitarism and symptoms of elevated intracranial pressure. The long-term morbidity is substantial with hypopituitarism, increased cardiovascular risk, hypothalamic damage, visual and neurological deficits, reduced bone health, and reduction in quality of life and cognitive function. Therapy of choice is surgery, followed by cranial radiotherapy in about half of the patients. The standardised overall mortality rate varies 2.88-9.28 in cohort studies. Patients with CP have a 3-19 fold higher cardiovascular mortality in comparison to the general population. Women with CP have an even higher risk.
  • Fjalldal, Sigridur, et al. (författare)
  • Brain white matter lesions are associated with reduced hypothalamic volume and cranial radiotherapy in childhood-onset craniopharyngioma
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0300-0664 .- 1365-2265. ; 94:1, s. 48-57
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: White matter lesions (WML) are caused by obstruction of small cerebral vessels associated with stroke risk. Craniopharyngioma (CP) patients suffer from increased cerebrovascular mortality. Objective: To investigate the effect of reduced HT volume and cranial radiotherapy (CRT) on WML in childhood-onset CP patients. Design: A cross-sectional study of 41 patients (24 women) surgically treated childhood-onset CP in comparison to controls. Setting: The South Medical Region of Sweden (2.5 million inhabitants). Methods: With magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we analysed qualitative measurement of WML based on the visual rating scale of Fazekas and quantitative automated segmentation of WML lesion. Also, measurement HT volume and of cardiovascular risk factors were analysed. Results: Patients had a significant increase in WML volume (mL) (P =.001) compared to controls. Treatment with cranial radiotherapy (CRT) vs no CRT was associated with increased WML volume (P =.02) as well as higher Fazekas score (P =.001). WML volume increased with years after CRT (r = 0.39; P =.02), even after adjustment for fat mass and age. A reduced HT volume was associated with increased WML volume (r = −0.61, P <.001) and explained 26% of the variation (r2 = 0.26). Altogether, 47% of the WML volume was explained by age at investigation, HT volume and CRT. Patients with more WML also had higher cardiovascular risk. Conclusions: CRT may be associated directly with increased WML volume or indirectly with reduced HT volume associated with higher cardiovascular risk. Risk factors should be carefully monitored in these patients.
  • Fjalldal, Sigridur, et al. (författare)
  • Hypothalamic Involvement Predicts Cognitive Performance and Psychosocial Health in Long-term Survivors of Childhood Craniopharyngioma
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - : Oxford University Press. - 1945-7197 .- 0021-972X. ; 98:8, s. 3253-3262
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Hypothalamic damage caused by craniopharyngioma (CP) is associated with poor functional outcome. Objective: To assess cognitive function and quality of life in childhood-onset CP on hormonal replacement, including GH treatment. Design: A cross-sectional study with a median follow-up time of 20 years (1-40). Setting: Patients were recruited from the South Medical Region of Sweden. Participants: The study included 42 patients (20 women) surgically treated for a childhood-onset CP between 1958 and 2000. Patients were aged >= 17 years. Equally many controls, matched for age, sex, residence, and smoking habits, were included. Tumor growth into the third ventricle was found in 25 patients. Main Outcome Measures: All subjects were examined with a battery of cognitive tests and the following questionnaires: Symptom Checklist-90, the Interview Schedule for Social Interaction, and the Social Network concept. Results: The CP patients had lower cognitive performance, reaching statistical significance in 12 of 20 test variables, including executive function and memory. Comparison of patients with tumor growth into the third ventricle to controls revealed a significant lower mean total score (P = .006). A significant negative correlation was recorded between mean z-score of cognitive performance and years since operation (r = -0.407; P = .014). No statistically significant group differences were observed across any of the 9 Symptom Checklist-90 subscales. Conclusions: Adults with childhood-onset CP, on hormone replacement, including GH treatment, have memory defects, disturbed attention, and impaired processing speed. Patients with hypothalamic involvement are more affected. Patients rated their quality of life as good as their matched controls.
  • Holmer, Helene (författare)
  • Bone health and cardiovascular risk in hypopituitary patients on complete hormone replacement, including GH
  • 2007
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is associated with decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Low BMD is correlated to increased fracture risk. There are no studies on fracture risk in GHD patients on GH therapy and no studies on BMD in adults with childhood onset (CO) craniopharyngioma (CP) on GH therapy. We have shown a doubled fracture incidence in CO GHD women and decreased incidence of fractures in adult onset (AO) GHD men. We have also shown decreased BMD in adult women with CO CP on GH therapy, in comparison to matched controls, but not in CO CP men. The cause is not known but insufficient sex steroid and GH replacements, particularly during adolescence, in CO GHD and CP women, and an adequate substitution rate of testosterone and GH in AO GHD and CO CP men are possible explanations. GHD is also associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. The impact of long-term GH replacement on cerebral- and cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus (DM) in hypopituitary patients and the prevalence of cardiovascular morbidity and risk factors in adults with childhood onset (CO) craniopharyngioma (CP) are unknown. We have shown that the life-long incidence of non-fatal stroke was tripled in GHD women and doubled in men, but a decline was seen among both genders during the periods where most patients had GH replacement. Life-long incidence of non-fatal cardiac events was similar in the patient and control cohorts, but declined in GHD men during the periods where most patients had GH replacement. GHD women had higher prevalence of type 2 DM and lipid-lowering medication, whereas GHD men had higher prevalence of antihypertensive medication. This cardio-protective medication, together with the GH therapy may have resulted in the decline in non-fatal stroke risk, particularly noted in GHD women, and in significantly lower non-fatal cardiac risk that was seen in GHD men. We have also shown that patients with a CO CP, on GH therapy, had increased cardiovascular morbidity and particularly women were at risk. Of CP women 60% had increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Insulin tolerance test (ITT) is the recommended test for diagnosing GHD. We have shown that GHD patients during an ITT had very low nadir blood glucose levels and few symptoms of hypoglycemia and in 31% unawareness was seen. If the ITT is still going to be recommended, we ask for more uniform recommendations.
  • Holmer, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • Fracture incidence in GH-deficient patients on complete hormone replacement including GH
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1523-4681 .- 0884-0431. ; 22:12, s. 1842-1850
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fracture risk in GHD patients is not definitely established. Studying fracture incidence in 832 patients on GH therapy and 2581 matched population controls, we recorded a doubled fracture risk in CO GHD women, but a significantly lower fracture risk in AO GHD men. Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate fracture incidence in patients with confirmed growth hormone deficiency (GHD) on replacement therapy (including growth hormone [GH]) compared with population controls, while also taking potential Confounders and effect modifiers into account. Materials and Methods: Eight hundred thirty-two patients with GHD and 2581 matched population controls answered a questionnaire about fractures and other background information. Incidence rate ratio (IRR) and 95% CI for first fracture were estimated. The median time on GH therapy for childhood onset (CO) GHD men and women was 15 and 12 yr, respectively, and 6 and 5 yr for adult onset (AO) GHD men and women, respectively. Results: A more than doubled risk (IRR, 2.29; 95 % CI 1.23-4.28) for nonosteoporotic fractures was recorded in women with CO GHD, whereas no risk increase was observed among CO GHD men (IRR, 0.61) and AO GHD women (IRR, 1.08). A significantly decreased incidence of fractures (IRR, 0.54; 95% C1, 0.34-0.86) was recorded in AO GHD men. Conclusions: Increased fracture risk in CO GHD women can most likely be explained by interaction between oral estrogen and the GH-IGF-I axis. The adequate substitution rate of testosterone (90%) and GH (94%) may have resulted in significantly lower fracture risk in AO GHD men.
  • Holmer, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • Hypothalamic involvement and insufficient sex steroid supplementation are associated with low bone mineral density in women with childhood onset craniopharyngioma.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - : Society of the European Journal of Endocrinology. - 1479-683X .- 0804-4643. ; 165, s. 25-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Data on bone mineral density (BMD) are lacking in adults with childhood onset (CO)-craniopharyngioma (CP) with hypothalamic damage from the tumour. In patients with CO GH deficiency BMD increases during GH treatment. Objective: The aims were to evaluate BMD in adults with CO-CPs on complete hormone replacement, including long-term GH and to evaluate the impact of hypothalamic damage on these measures. Design and Participants: BMD (DXA-dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry), markers of bone turn over, physical activity and calcium intake were assessed in 39 CO-CP adults (20 women), median age 28 (17-57) years, in comparison with matched population controls. Results: Late puberty induction was recorded in both genders, but reduced androgen levels in females only. Only CP-women had lower BMD (P=0.03) at L2-L4, and reduced Z-scores at femoral neck (P=0.004) and L2-L4 (P=0.004). Both genders had increased serum leptin levels (P=0.001), which correlated significantly negatively with BMD at L2-L4 (P=0.003; r = -0.5) and 45% of CP-women had Z-score levels ≤ -2.0 SDS. Furthermore, 75% of those with a Z-score ≤ -2.0 SDS had hypothalamic involvement by the tumour. Calcium intake (P=0.008) and physical activity (P=0.007) levels were reduced in CP men only. Levels of ostecalcin and crossLaps were increased in CP men only. Conclusions: Despite continuous GH therapy low BMD was recorded in CO-CP females. Insufficient estrogen and androgen supplementation during adolescence was the main cause, but hypothalamic involvement with consequent leptin resistance, was also strongly associated with low BMD in both genders.
  • Holmer, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • Hypothalamic involvement predicts cardiovascular risk in adults with childhood onset craniopharyngioma on long-term GH therapy.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - : Society of the European Journal of Endocrinology. - 1479-683X .- 0804-4643. ; 161, s. 671-679
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Craniopharyngioma patients without GH therapy are at an increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and particularly concerning women. No previous study on long-term GH therapy in adults with childhood onset (CO) craniopharyngioma was identified. Objective: To investigate CVD risk in adults with CO craniopharyngioma, on complete hormone replacement, including long-term GH therapy, and to investigate the impact of disease-related factors on CVD risk. Design and Participants: In a cross-sectional study of operated CO craniopharyngiomas (1958-2000) from a defined area of Sweden (2.5 million) we enrolled 42 patients (20 women) with a median age 28 (range 17-57) years and assessed CVD risk 20 (4-40) years after first operation. Comparisons were made with matched controls and between patients with tumour growth into the third ventricle (TGTV) vs non-TGTV. GH therapy was 10-12 years in women and men. Results: In comparison to controls, both male and female patients had increased BMI, fat mass, insulin and leptin levels. Overall, while not significantly increased in male patients, 55-60% of female patients had a medium-high CVD risk, compared to 10-20% in controls. An increased CVD risk (all P < 0.05) and higher levels of fat mass and insulin were recorded in the TGTV group vs the non-TGTV group. Late puberty induction and lack of androgens were shown in female patients. Conclusions: Adult patients with CO craniopharyngioma, especially those with TGTV, have persistently increased CVD risk. Conventional hormone substitution, including GH, is insufficient to normalize CVD risk, suggesting an important role for irreversible hypothalamic dysfunction.
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