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Sökning: WFRF:(Holton Janice)

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1.
  • Li, Jia-Yi, et al. (författare)
  • Lewy bodies in grafted neurons in subjects with Parkinson's disease suggest host-to-graft disease propagation.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature Medicine. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-170X. ; 14, s. 501-503
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two subjects with Parkinson's disease who had long-term survival of transplanted fetal mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons (11-16 years) developed alpha-synuclein-positive Lewy bodies in grafted neurons. Our observation has key implications for understanding Parkinson's pathogenesis by providing the first evidence, to our knowledge, that the disease can propagate from host to graft cells. However, available data suggest that the majority of grafted cells are functionally unimpaired after a decade, and recipients can still experience long-term symptomatic relief.
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2.
  • Bugiardini, Enrico, et al. (författare)
  • MRPS25 mutations impair mitochondrial translation and cause encephalomyopathy
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - 0964-6906 .- 1460-2083. ; 28:16, s. 2711-2719
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mitochondrial disorders are clinically and genetically heterogeneous and are associated with a variety of disease mechanisms. Defects of mitochondrial protein synthesis account for the largest subgroup of disorders manifesting with impaired respiratory chain capacity; yet, only a few have been linked to dysfunction in the protein components of the mitochondrial ribosomes. Here, we report a subject presenting with dyskinetic cerebral palsy and partial agenesis of the corpus callosum, while histochemical and biochemical analyses of skeletal muscle revealed signs of mitochondrial myopathy. Using exome sequencing, we identified a homozygous variant c.215C>T in MRPS25, which encodes for a structural component of the 28S small subunit of the mitochondrial ribosome (mS25). The variant segregated with the disease and substitutes a highly conserved proline residue with leucine (p.P72L) that, based on the high-resolution structure of the 28S ribosome, is predicted to compromise inter-protein contacts and destabilize the small subunit. Concordant with the in silico analysis, patient's fibroblasts showed decreased levels of MRPS25 and other components of the 28S subunit. Moreover, assembled 28S subunits were scarce in the fibroblasts with mutant mS25 leading to impaired mitochondrial translation and decreased levels of multiple respiratory chain subunits. Crucially, these abnormalities were rescued by transgenic expression of wild-type MRPS25 in the mutant fibroblasts. Collectively, our data demonstrate the pathogenicity of the p.P72L variant and identify MRPS25 mutations as a new cause of mitochondrial translation defect.
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3.
  • Guerreiro, R., et al. (författare)
  • Investigating the genetic architecture of dementia with Lewy bodies: a two-stage genome-wide association study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Lancet Neurology. - : Lancet Ltd. - 1474-4422. ; 17:1, s. 64-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Dementia with Lewy bodies is the second most common form of dementia in elderly people but has been overshadowed in the research field, partly because of similarities between dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. So far, to our knowledge, no large-scale genetic study of dementia with Lewy bodies has been done. To better understand the genetic basis of dementia with Lewy bodies, we have done a genome-wide association study with the aim of identifying genetic risk factors for this disorder. Methods In this two-stage genome-wide association study, we collected samples from white participants of European ancestry who had been diagnosed with dementia with Lewy bodies according to established clinical or pathological criteria. In the discovery stage (with the case cohort recruited from 22 centres in ten countries and the controls derived from two publicly available database of Genotypes and Phenotypes studies [phs000404.v1.p1 and phs000982.v1.p1] in the USA), we performed genotyping and exploited the recently established Haplotype Reference Consortium panel as the basis for imputation. Pathological samples were ascertained following autopsy in each individual brain bank, whereas clinical samples were collected after participant examination. There was no specific timeframe for collection of samples. We did association analyses in all participants with dementia with Lewy bodies, and also only in participants with pathological diagnosis. In the replication stage, we performed genotyping of significant and suggestive results from the discovery stage. Lastly, we did a meta-analysis of both stages under a fixed-effects model and used logistic regression to test for association in each stage. Findings This study included 1743 patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (1324 with pathological diagnosis) and 4454 controls (1216 patients with dementia with Lewy bodies vs 3791 controls in the discovery stage; 527 vs 663 in the replication stage). Results confirm previously reported associations: APOE (rs429358; odds ratio [OR] 2.40, 95% CI 2.14-2.70; p=1.05 x 10-48), SNCA (rs7681440; OR 0.73, 0.66-0.81; p=6.39 x 10(-10)), and GBA (rs35749011; OR 2.55, 1.88-3.46; p=1.78 x 10(-9)). They also provide some evidence for a novel candidate locus, namely CNTN1 (rs7314908; OR 1.51, 1.27-1.79; p=2.32 x 10(-6)); further replication will be important. Additionally, we estimate the heritable component of dementia with Lewy bodies to be about 36%. Interpretation Despite the small sample size for a genome-wide association study, and acknowledging the potential biases from ascertaining samples from multiple locations, we present the most comprehensive and well powered genetic study in dementia with Lewy bodies so far. These data show that common genetic variability has a role in the disease.
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4.
  • Brundin, Patrik, et al. (författare)
  • Research in motion: the enigma of Parkinson's disease pathology spread.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature Reviews Neuroscience. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1471-003X. ; 9:10, s. 741-745
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuropathological changes in Parkinson's disease progress slowly and spread according to a characteristic pattern. Recent papers have shed light on this progression of pathology by examining the fate of neurons grafted into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease. Two of these studies demonstrate that grafted healthy neurons can gradually develop the same pathology as host neurons in the diseased brains. According to these studies, implanted neurons developed alpha-synuclein- and ubiquitin-positive Lewy bodies more than a decade after transplantation. We discuss the possible underlying mechanisms and their implications for how pathology spreads in Parkinson's disease.
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5.
  • Iovino, Mariangela, et al. (författare)
  • The novel MAPT mutation K298E: mechanisms of mutant tau toxicity, brain pathology and tau expression in induced fibroblast-derived neurons
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Acta Neuropathologica. - : Springer. - 1432-0533. ; 127:2, s. 283-295
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) consists of a group of neurodegenerative diseases characterized by behavioural and executive impairment, language disorders and motor dysfunction. About 20-30 % of cases are inherited in a dominant manner. Mutations in the microtubule-associated protein tau gene (MAPT) cause frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17T). Here we report a novel MAPT mutation (K298E) in exon 10 in a patient with FTDP-17T. Neuropathological studies of post-mortem brain showed widespread neuronal loss and gliosis and abundant deposition of hyperphosphorylated tau in neurons and glia. Molecular studies demonstrated that the K298E mutation affects both protein function and alternative mRNA splicing. Fibroblasts from a skin biopsy of the proband taken at post-mortem were directly induced into neurons (iNs) and expressed both 3-repeat and 4-repeat tau isoforms. As well as contributing new knowledge on MAPT mutations in FTDP-17T, this is the first example of the successful generation of iNs from skin cells retrieved post-mortem.
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6.
  • Klingstedt, Therése, et al. (författare)
  • Luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes distinguish between alpha-synuclein assemblies of Parkinsons disease and multiple system atrophy
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Acta neuropathologica communications. - : BMC. - 2051-5960. ; 7:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Synucleinopathies [Parkinsons disease with or without dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies and multiple system atrophy] are neurodegenerative diseases that are defined by the presence of filamentous alpha-synuclein inclusions. We investigated the ability of luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes to stain the inclusions of Parkinsons disease and multiple system atrophy. They stained the Lewy pathology of Parkinsons disease and the glial cytoplasmic inclusions of multiple system atrophy. Spectral analysis of HS-68-stained inclusions showed a red shift in multiple system atrophy, but the difference with Parkinsons disease was not significant. However, when inclusions were double-labelled for HS-68 and an antibody specific for alpha-synuclein phosphorylated at S129, they could be distinguished based on colour shifts with blue designated for Parkinsons disease and red for multiple system atrophy. The inclusions of Parkinsons disease and multiple system atrophy could also be distinguished using fluorescence lifetime imaging. These findings are consistent with the presence of distinct conformers of assembled a-synuclein in Parkinsons disease and multiple system atrophy.
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7.
  • Kun-Rodrigues, Celia, et al. (författare)
  • A comprehensive screening of copy number variability in dementia with Lewy bodies.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of aging. - : Elsevier. - 1558-1497. ; 75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The role of genetic variability in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is now indisputable; however, data regarding copy number variation (CNV) in this disease has been lacking. Here, we used whole-genome genotyping of 1454 DLB cases and 1525 controls to assess copy number variability. We used 2 algorithms to confidently detect CNVs, performed a case-control association analysis, screened for candidate CNVs previously associated with DLB-related diseases, and performed a candidate gene approach to fully explore the data. We identified 5 CNV regions with a significant genome-wide association to DLB; 2 of these were only present in cases and absent from publicly available databases: one of the regions overlapped LAPTM4B, a known lysosomal protein, whereas the other overlapped the NME1 locus and SPAG9. We also identified DLB cases presenting rare CNVs in genes previously associated with DLB or related neurodegenerative diseases, such as SNCA, APP, and MAPT. To our knowledge, this is the first study reporting genome-wide CNVs in a large DLB cohort. These results provide preliminary evidence for the contribution of CNVs in DLB risk.
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8.
  • Kun-Rodrigues, Celia, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of C9orf72 repeat expansions in a large international cohort of dementia with Lewy bodies
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 01974-580 .- 1558-1497. ; 49
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • . C9orf72 repeat expansions are a common cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. To date, no large-scale study of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) has been undertaken to assess the role of . C9orf72 repeat expansions in the disease. Here, we investigated the prevalence of . C9orf72 repeat expansions in a large cohort of DLB cases and identified no pathogenic repeat expansions in neuropathologically or clinically defined cases, showing that . C9orf72 repeat expansions are not causally associated with DLB.
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9.
  • Paviour, Dominic C, et al. (författare)
  • Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease : Report on a case originally diagnosed as dopa-responsive dystonia with lewy bodies
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - 0885-3185 .- 1531-8257. ; 20:10, s. 1345-1349
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder with a heterogeneous clinical picture characterized by the presence of eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions in neuronal and glial cells. We describe a case, reported 12 years ago as dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) with Lewy body pathology. Pathological re-examination has led to a revised diagnosis of neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease. This rare condition, which may be diagnosed in life with a full thickness rectal biopsy, needs to be considered in the differential diagnosis of any case presenting as progressive juvenile parkinsonism (JP) or dystonia. © 2005 Movement Disorder Society.
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10.
  • Sailer, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • A genome-wide association study in multiple system atrophy
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : American Academy of Neurology. - 0028-3878. ; 87:15, s. 1591-1598
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To identify genetic variants that play a role in the pathogenesis of multiple system atrophy (MSA), we undertook a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Methods: We performed a GWAS with >5 million genotyped and imputed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 918 patients with MSA of European ancestry and 3,864 controls. MSA cases were collected from North American and European centers, one third of which were neuropathologically confirmed. Results: We found no significant loci after stringent multiple testing correction. A number of regions emerged as potentially interesting for follow-up at p < 1 × 10-6, including SNPs in the genes FBXO47, ELOVL7, EDN1, and MAPT. Contrary to previous reports, we found no association of the genes SNCA and COQ2 with MSA. Conclusions: We present a GWAS in MSA. We have identified several potentially interesting gene loci, including the MAPT locus, whose significance will have to be evaluated in a larger sample set. Common genetic variation in SNCA and COQ2 does not seem to be associated with MSA. In the future, additional samples of well-characterized patients with MSA will need to be collected to perform a larger MSA GWAS, but this initial study forms the basis for these next steps.
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