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Sökning: WFRF:(Hone E)

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1.
  • Aad, G., et al. (författare)
  • Jet mass and substructure of inclusive jets in root s=7 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS experiment
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics. - : Springer. - 1029-8479 .- 1126-6708. ; :5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent studies have highlighted the potential of jet substructure techniques to identify the hadronic decays of boosted heavy particles. These studies all rely upon the assumption that the internal substructure of jets generated by QCD radiation is well understood. In this article, this assumption is tested on an inclusive sample of jets recorded with the ATLAS detector in 2010, which corresponds to 35 pb(-1) of pp collisions delivered by the LHC at root s = 7 TeV. In a subsample of events with single pp collisions, measurements corrected for detector efficiency and resolution are presented with full systematic uncertainties. Jet invariant mass, k(t) splitting scales and N-subjettiness variables are presented for anti-k(t) R = 1.0 jets and Cambridge-Aachen R = 1.2 jets. Jet invariant-mass spectra for Cambridge-Aachen R = 1.2 jets after a splitting and filtering procedure are also presented. Leading-order parton-shower Monte Carlo predictions for these variables are found to be broadly in agreement with data. The dependence of mean jet mass on additional pp interactions is also explored.
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  • Ashton, Nicholas J., et al. (författare)
  • A plasma protein classifier for predicting amyloid burden for preclinical Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Science advances. - 2375-2548. ; 5:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A blood-based assessment of preclinical disease would have huge potential in the enrichment of participants for Alzheimer's disease (AD) therapeutic trials. In this study, cognitively unimpaired individuals from the AIBL and KARVIAH cohorts were defined as Aβ negative or Aβ positive by positron emission tomography. Nontargeted proteomic analysis that incorporated peptide fractionation and high-resolution mass spectrometry quantified relative protein abundances in plasma samples from all participants. A protein classifier model was trained to predict Aβ-positive participants using feature selection and machine learning in AIBL and independently assessed in KARVIAH. A 12-feature model for predicting Aβ-positive participants was established and demonstrated high accuracy (testing area under the receiver operator characteristic curve = 0.891, sensitivity = 0.78, and specificity = 0.77). This extensive plasma proteomic study has unbiasedly highlighted putative and novel candidates for AD pathology that should be further validated with automated methodologies.
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4.
  • Chatterjee, P., et al. (författare)
  • Plasma metabolites associated with biomarker evidence of neurodegeneration in cognitively normal older adults
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurochemistry. - 0022-3042.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that currently has no cure. Identifying biochemical changes associated with neurodegeneration prior to symptom onset, will provide insight into the biological mechanisms associated with neurodegenerative processes, that may also aid in identifying potential drug targets. The current study therefore investigated associations between plasma neurofilament light chain (NF-L), a marker of neurodegeneration, with plasma metabolites that are products of various cellular processes. Plasma NF-L, measured by ultrasensitive Single molecule array (Simoa) technology (Quanterix) and plasma metabolites, measured by mass-spectrometry (AbsoluteIDQ (R) p400HR kit, BIOCRATES), were assessed in the Kerr Anglican Retirement Village Initiative in Ageing Health (KARVIAH) cohort comprising 100 cognitively normal older adults. Metabolites belonging to biogenic amine (creatinine, symmetric dimethylarginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine; ADMA, kynurenine, trans-4-hydroxyproline), amino acid (citrulline, proline, arginine, asparagine, phenylalanine, threonine) and acylcarnitine classes were observed to have positive correlations with plasma NF-L, suggesting a link between neurodegeneration and biological pathways associated with neurotransmitter regulation, nitric oxide homoeostasis, inflammation and mitochondrial function. Additionally, after stratifying participants based on low/high brain amyloid-beta load (A beta +/-) assessed by positron emission tomography, while creatinine, SDMA and citrulline correlated with NF-L in both A beta- and A beta+ groups, ADMA, proline, arginine, asparagine, phenylalanine and acylcarnitine species correlated with NF-L only in the A beta+ group after adjusting for confounding variables, suggesting that the association of these metabolites with neurodegeneration may be relevant to AD-related neuropathology. Metabolites identified to be associated with plasma NF-L may have the potential to serve as prognostic markers for neurodegenerative diseases, however, further studies are required to validate the current findings in an independent cohort, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally.
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5.
  • Hone, Tyler D, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of Approximate Quantum Simulation Methods Applied to Normal Liquid Helium at 4 K
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The journal of physical chemistry. B. - 1520-6106. ; 112:2, s. 294 -300
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Feynman-Kleinert linearized path integral molecular dynamics (FK-LPI), ring polymer molecular dynamics (RPMD), and centroid molecular dynamics (CMD) methods are applied to the simulation of normal liquid helium. Comparisons of the simulation results at the T = 4 K and = 0.01873 Å-3 state point are presented. The calculated quantum correlation functions for the three methods show significant differences, both in the short time and in the intermediate regions of the spectrum. Our simulation results are also compared to the recent results of other approximate quantum simulation methods. We find that FK-LPI qualitatively agrees with other approximate quantum simulation results while CMD and RPMD predict a qualitatively different impulsive rebound in the velocity autocorrelation function. Frequency space analysis reveals that RPMD exhibits a broad high-frequency tail similar to that from quantum mode coupling theory and numerical analytic continuation approaches, while FK-LPI provides a somewhat more rapid decay at high frequency than any of these three methods. CMD manifests a high-frequency component that is greatly reduced compared with the other methods.
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