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Sökning: WFRF:(Ibar E.)

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1.
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2.
  • Coppin, K. E. K., et al. (författare)
  • The SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey: the submillimetre properties of Lyman-break galaxies at z=3-5
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 446:2, s. 1293-1304
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present detections at 850 mu m of the Lyman-break galaxy (LBG) population at z approximate to 3, 4, and 5 using data from the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array 2 Cosmology Legacy Survey in the United Kingdom Infrared Deep Sky Survey 'Ultra Deep Survey' field. We employ stacking to probe beneath the survey limit, measuring the average 850 mu m flux density of LBGs at z approximate to 3, 4, and 5 with typical ultraviolet luminosities of L-1700 approximate to 10(29) erg s(-1) Hz(-1). We measure 850 mu m flux densities of (0.25 +/- 0.03), (0.41 +/- 0.06), and (0.88 +/- 0.23) mJy, respectively, finding that they contribute at most 20 per cent to the cosmic far-infrared (IR) background at 850 mu m. Fitting an appropriate range of spectral energy distributions to the z similar to 3, 4, and 5 LBG stacked 24-850 mu m fluxes, we derive IR luminosities of L8-1000 (mu m) approximate to 3.2, 5.5, and 11.0 x 10(11) L-circle dot [and star formation rates (SFRs) of approximate to 50-200M(circle dot) yr(-1)], respectively. We find that the evolution in the IR luminosity density of LBGs is broadly consistent with model predictions for the expected contribution of luminous-to-ultraluminous IR galaxies at these epochs. We observe a positive correlation between stellar mass and IR luminosity and confirm that, for a fixed mass, the reddest LBGs (UV slope beta -> 0) are redder due to dust extinction, with SFR (IR)/SFR (UV) increasing by about an order of magnitude over -2
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3.
  • Muxlow, T. W. B., et al. (författare)
  • The e-MERGE Survey (e-MERLIN Galaxy Evolution Survey): overview and survey description
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 495:1, s. 1188-1208
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an overview and description of the e-MERGE Survey (e-MERLIN Galaxy Evolution Survey) Data Release 1 (DR1), a large program of high-resolution 1.5-GHz radio observations of the GOODS-N field comprising similar to 140 h of observations with enhanced-Multi-Element Remotely Linked Interferometer Network (e-MERLIN) and similar to 40 h with the Very Large Array (VLA). We combine the long baselines of e-MERLIN (providing high angular resolution) with the relatively closely packed antennas of the VLA (providing excellent surface brightness sensitivity) to produce a deep 1.5-GHz radio survey with the sensitivity (similar to 1.5 mu Jy beam(-1)), angular resolution (0.2-0.7 arcsec) and field-of-view (similar to 15x15 arcmin(2)) to detect and spatially resolve star-forming galaxies and active galactic nucleus (AGN) at z greater than or similar to 1. The goal of e-MERGE is to provide new constraints on the deep, sub-arcsecond radio sky which will be surveyed by SKA1-mid. In this initial publication, we discuss our data analysis techniques, including steps taken to model in-beam source variability over an similar to 20-yr baseline and the development of newpoint spread function/primary beam models to seamlessly merge e-MERLIN and VLA data in the uv plane. We present early science results, including measurements of the luminosities and/or linear sizes of similar to 500 galaxies selected at 1.5 GHz. In combination with deep Hubble Space Telescope observations, we measure a mean radio-to-optical size ratio of r(e-MERGE)/r(HST) similar to 1.02 +/- 0.03, suggesting that in most high-redshift galaxies, the similar to GHz continuum emission traces the stellar light seen in optical imaging. This is the first in a series of papers that will explore the similar to kpc-scale radio properties of star-forming galaxies and AGN in the GOODS-N field observed by e-MERGE DR1.
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4.
  • Simpson, J. M., et al. (författare)
  • THE SCUBA-2 COSMOLOGY LEGACY SURVEY: ALMA RESOLVES the BRIGHT-END of the SUB-MILLIMETER NUMBER COUNTS
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 1538-4357 .- 0004-637X. ; 807:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present high-resolution 870 μm Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) continuum maps of 30 bright sub-millimeter sources in the UKIDSS UDS field. These sources are selected from deep, 1 degree2 850 μm maps from the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey, and are representative of the brightest sources in the field (median SSCUBA-2= 8.7 ± 0.4 mJy). We detect 52 sub-millimeter galaxies (SMGs) at >4σ significance in our 30 ALMA maps. In 61-15+19% of the ALMA maps the single-dish source comprises a blend of ≥2 SMGs, where the secondary SMGs are Ultra-luminous Infrared Galaxies (ULIRGs) with LIR ≳ 1012 L⊙. The brightest SMG contributes on average 80-2+6% of the single-dish flux density, and in the ALMA maps containing ≥2 SMGs the secondary SMG contributes 25-5+1% of the integrated ALMA flux. We construct source counts and show that multiplicity boosts the apparent single-dish cumulative counts by 20% at S870 > 7.5 mJy, and by 60% at S870 > 12 mJy. We combine our sample with previous ALMA studies of fainter SMGs and show that the counts are well-described by a double power law with a break at 8.5 ± 0.6 mJy. The break corresponds to a luminosity of ∼6 × 1012 L⊙ or a star formation rate (SFR) of ∼103 M⊙ yr-1. For the typical sizes of these SMGs, which are resolved in our ALMA data with Re = 1.2 ± 0.1 kpc, this yields a limiting SFR density of ∼100 M⊙ yr-1 kpc-2 Finally, the number density of S870 ≳ 2 mJy SMGs is 80 ± 30 times higher than that derived from blank-field counts. An over-abundance of faint SMGs is inconsistent with line-of-sight projections dominating multiplicity in the brightest SMGs, and indicates that a significant proportion of these high-redshift ULIRGs are likely to be physically associated.
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5.
  • Talia, M., et al. (författare)
  • ALMA view of a massive spheroid progenitor : a compact rotating core of molecular gas in an AGN host at z=2.226
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - : OXFORD UNIV PRESS. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 476:3, s. 3956-3963
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present ALMA observations at 107.291 GHz (band 3) and 214.532 GHz (band 6) of GMASS 0953, a star-forming galaxy at z = 2.226 hosting an obscured active galactic nucleus (AGN) that has been proposed as a progenitor of compact quiescent galaxies (QGs). We measure for the first time the size of the dust and molecular gas emission of GMASS 0953 that we find to be extremely compact (similar to 1 kpc). This result, coupled with a very high interstellar medium (ISM) density (n similar to 10(5.5) cm(-3)), a low gas mass fraction (similar to 0.2), and a short gas depletion time-scale (similar to 150 Myr), implies that GMASS 0953 is experiencing an episode of intense star formation in its central region that will rapidly exhaust its gas reservoirs, likely aided by AGN-induced feedback, confirming its fate as a compact QG. Kinematic analysis of the CO(6-5) line shows evidence of rapidly rotating gas (V-rot = 320(-53)(+92) km s(-1)), as observed also in a handful of similar sources at the same redshift. On-going quenching mechanisms could either destroy the rotation or leave it intact leading the galaxy to evolve into a rotating QG.
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6.
  • Drouart, Guillaume, 1987, et al. (författare)
  • Rapidly growing black holes and host galaxies in the distant Universe from the Herschel Radio Galaxy Evolution Project
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 566
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present results from a comprehensive survey of 70 radio galaxies at redshifts 1 10(12) L-circle dot) or hyper-luminous (L-tot(IR) > 10(13) L-circle dot) infrared galaxies. We fit the infrared SEDs with a set of empirical templates which represent dust heated by a variety of starbursts (SB) and by an active galactic nucleus (AGN). We find that the SEDs of radio galaxies require the dust to be heated by both AGN and SB, but the luminosities of these two components are not strongly correlated. Assuming empirical relations and simple physical assumptions, we calculate the star formation rate (SFR), the black hole mass accretion rate ((M) over dot(BH)), and the black hole mass (M-BH) for each radio galaxy. We find that the host galaxies and their black holes are growing extremely rapidly, having SFR approximate to 100-5000 M-circle dot yr(-1) and. (M) over dot(BH) approximate to 1-100 M(circle dot)yr(-1). The mean specific SFRs (sSFR) of radio galaxies at z > 2 : 5 are higher than the sSFR of typical star forming galaxies over the same redshift range, but are similar or perhaps lower than the galaxy population for radio galaxies at z
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7.
  • Mendez-Hernandez, H., et al. (författare)
  • VALES VI: ISM enrichment in star-forming galaxies up to z similar to 0.2 using (CO)-C-12(1-0), (CO)-C-13(1-0), and (CO)-O-18(1-0) line luminosity ratios
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 497:3, s. 2771-2785
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) observations towards 27 low-redshift (0.02< z< 0.2) starforming galaxies taken from the Valpara ' iso ALMA/APEX Line Emission Survey. We perform stacking analyses of the (CO)-C-12(1-0), (CO)-C-13(1-0), and (CO)-O-18(1-0) emission lines to explore the L' [(CO)-C-12(1-0)]/L' [(CO)-C-13(1-0)] [hereafter L' ((CO)-C-12)/L' ((CO)-C-13)] and L' [(CO)-C-13(1-0)]/L' [(CO)-O-18(1-0)] [hereafter L' ((CO)-C-13)/L' ((CO)-O-18)] line luminosity ratio dependence as a function of different global galaxy parameters related to the star formation activity. The sample has far-IR luminosities of 1010.1-11.9 L and stellar masses of 109.8-10.9M(circle dot) corresponding to typical star-forming and starburst galaxies at these redshifts. On average, we find an L' (12CO)/L' ((CO)-C-13) line luminosity ratio value of 16.1 +/- 2.5. Galaxies with pieces of evidence of possible merging activity tend to show higher L' ((CO)-C-12)/L' (13CO) ratios by a factor of 2, while variations of this order are also found in galaxy samples with higher star formation rates (SFRs) or star formation efficiencies (SFEs). We also find an average L' ((CO)-C-13)/L' ((CO)-O-18) line luminosity ratio of 2.5 +/- 0.6, which is in good agreement with those previously reported for starburst galaxies. We find that galaxy samples with high LIR, SFR, and SFE show low L' ((CO)-C-13)/L' ((CO)-O-18) line luminosity ratios with high L' ((CO)-C-12)/L' ((CO)-C-13) line luminosity ratios, suggesting that these trends are produced by selective enrichment of massive stars in young starbursts.
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8.
  • Michalowski, M. J., et al. (författare)
  • THE OPTICALLY UNBIASED GRB HOST (TOUGH) SURVEY. VI. RADIO OBSERVATIONS AT z less than or similar to 1 AND CONSISTENCY WITH TYPICAL STAR-FORMING GALAXIES
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X .- 1538-4357. ; 755:2, s. 85-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of this paper is to determine the level of obscured star formation activity and dust attenuation in a sample of gamma-ray burst (GRB) hosts, and to test the hypothesis that GRB hosts have properties consistent with those of the general star-forming galaxy populations. We present a radio continuum survey of all z < 1 GRB hosts in The Optically Unbiased GRB Host (TOUGH) sample supplemented with radio data for all (mostly pre-Swift) GRB-SN hosts discovered before 2006 October. We present new radio data for 22 objects and have obtained a detection for three of them (GRB 980425, 021211, 031203; none in the TOUGH sample), increasing the number of radio-detected GRB hosts from two to five. The star formation rate (SFR) for the GRB 021211 host of similar to 825 M-circle dot yr(-1), the highest ever reported for a GRB host, places it in the category of ultraluminous infrared galaxies. We found that at least similar to 63% of GRB hosts have SFR < 100 M-circle dot yr(-1) and at most similar to 8% can have SFR > 500 M-circle dot yr(-1). For the undetected hosts the mean radio flux (<35 mu Jy 3 sigma) corresponds to an average SFR < 15 M-circle dot yr(-1). Moreover, greater than or similar to 88% of the z less than or similar to 1 GRB hosts have ultraviolet dust attenuation A(UV) < 6.7 mag (visual attenuation A(V) < 3 mag). Hence, we did not find evidence for large dust obscuration in a majority of GRB hosts. Finally, we found that the distributions of SFRs and A(UV) of GRB hosts are consistent with those of Lyman break galaxies, H alpha emitters at similar redshifts, and of galaxies from cosmological simulations. The similarity of the GRB population with other star-forming galaxies is consistent with the hypothesis that GRBs, a least at z less than or similar to 1, trace a large fraction of all star formation, and are therefore less biased indicators than once thought.
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9.
  • Motta, V., et al. (författare)
  • The "Cosmic Seagull": A Highly Magnified Disk-like Galaxy at z ≃ 2.8 behind the Bullet Cluster
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal Letters. - 2041-8213 .- 2041-8205. ; 863:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array measurements of the "Cosmic Seagull," a strongly magnified galaxy at z = 2.7779 behind the Bullet Cluster. We report CO(3-2) and continuum 344 μm (rest-frame) data at one of the highest differential magnifications ever recorded at submillimeter wavelengths (μ up to ∼50), facilitating a characterization of the kinematics of a rotational curve in great detail (at ∼620 pc resolution in the source plane). We find no evidence for a decreasing rotation curve, from which we derive a dynamical mass of (6.3 ± 0.7) × 1010Mowithin r = 2.6 ± 0.1 kpc. The discovery of a third, unpredicted, image provides key information for a future improvement of the lensing modeling of the Bullet Cluster and allows a measure of the stellar mass, , unaffected by strong differential magnification. The baryonic mass is expected to be dominated by the molecular gas content (fgas≤ 80 ± 20%) based on an mass estimated from the difference between dynamical and stellar masses. The star formation rate (SFR) is estimated via the spectral energy distribution (SFR = 190 ± 10 Moyr-1), implying a molecular gas depletion time of 0.25 ± 0.08 Gyr.
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  • Resultat 1-9 av 9

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