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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Jörgensen Sofie E.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Jörgensen Sofie E.)

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  • Bentham, James, et al. (författare)
  • A century of trends in adult human height
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: eLIFE. - : eLife Sciences Publications Ltd. - 2050-084X. ; 5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5–22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3– 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8– 144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.
  • Kaleviste, Epp, et al. (författare)
  • Interferon signature in patients with STAT1 gain-of-function mutation is epigenetically determined
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Immunology. - : WILEY. - 0014-2980 .- 1521-4141. ; 49:5, s. 790-800
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • STAT1 gain-of-function (GOF) variants lead to defective Th17 cell development and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC), but frequently also to autoimmunity. Stimulation of cells with STAT1 inducing cytokines like interferons (IFN) result in hyperphosphorylation and delayed dephosphorylation of GOF STAT1. However, the mechanism how the delayed dephosphorylation exactly causes the increased expression of STAT1-dependent genes, and how the intracellular signal transduction from cytokine receptors is affected, remains unknown. In this study we show that the circulating levels of IFN-alpha were not persistently elevated in STAT1 GOF patients. Nevertheless, the expression of interferon signature genes was evident even in the patient with low or undetectable serum IFN-alpha levels. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiments revealed that the active chromatin mark trimethylation of lysine 4 of histone 3 (H3K4me3), was significantly enriched in areas associated with interferon-stimulated genes in STAT1 GOF cells in comparison to cells from healthy donors. This suggests that the chromatin binding of GOF STAT1 variant promotes epigenetic changes compatible with higher gene expression and elevated reactivity to type I interferons, and possibly predisposes for interferon-related autoimmunity. The results also suggest that epigenetic rewiring may be responsible for treatment failure of Janus kinase 1/2 (JAK1/2) inhibitors in certain patients.
  • Rerup, Sofie Aagaard, et al. (författare)
  • The prevalence and prognostic importance of possible familial hypercholesterolemia in patients with myocardial infarction
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : Elsevier BV. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 181, s. 35-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a common genetic disorder causing accelerated atherosclerosis and premature cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and prognostic significance of possible FH in patients with myocardial infarction (MI).Methods and results: By individual-level linkage of data from the Eastern Danish Heart Registry and national administrative registries, a study population of patients referred for coronary angiography due to MI was selected. The study population was divided into "unlikely FH" and "possible FH" based on the Dutch Lipid Clinic Network criteria, which included a plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and age for onset of cardiac disease. A score of >= 3 points was used as the cutpoint between the 2 groups. Among the study population of 13,174 MI patients, 1,281 (9.7%) had possible FH. These patients were younger (59.1 vs 65.7 years, P <= .0001), had similar levels of comorbidities, and were treated more aggressively with cholesterol-lowering drugs compared with patients with unlikely FH. During a median of 3.3 years of follow-up, the unadjusted and adjusted event rates of recurrent MI were higher in patients with possible FH compared with unlikely FH (16% vs 11%, adjusted hazard ratio 1.28, 95% CI 1.09-1.51, P = .003.). Differences in adjusted all-cause mortality were not statistically significant (17% vs 23%, adjusted hazard ratio 0.89 [0.74-1.04], P = .1).Conclusion: We found that MI patients with possible FH have higher risk of recurrent MI but similar risk of mortality compared with unlikely FH patients. Further studies on secondary prevention are warranted.
  • Sadd, Matthew, 1994, et al. (författare)
  • Visualization of Dissolution‐Precipitation Processes in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Advanced Energy Materials. - : Wiley. - 1614-6840 .- 1614-6832. ; 12:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this work, light is shed on the dissolution and precipitation processes S8 and Li2S, and their role in the utilization of active material in Li-S batteries. Combining operando X-ray Tomographic Microscopy and optical image analysis, in real-time; sulfur conversion/dissolution in the cathode, the diffusion of polysulfides in the bulk electrolyte, and the redeposition of the product of the electrochemical reaction, Li2S, on the cathode are followed. Using a custom-designed capillary cell, positioning the entire cathode volume within the field of view, the conversion of elemental sulfur to soluble polysulfides during discharge is quantitatively followed. The results show the full utilization of elemental sulfur in the cathode in the initial stage of discharge, with all solid sulfur converted to soluble polysulfide species. Optical image analysis shows a rapid diffusion of polysulfides as they migrate from the cathode to the bulk electrolyte at the start of discharge and back to the cathode in the later stages of discharge, with the formation and precipitation of Li2S. The results point to the redeposition of Li2S on all available surfaces in the cathode forming a continuous insulating layer, leaving polysulfide species remaining in the electrolyte, and this is the process limiting the cell's specific capacity.
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  • Resultat 1-5 av 5

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