Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(James Stefan K) "

Sökning: WFRF:(James Stefan K)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Tabiri, S, et al. (författare)
  • 2021
  • swepub:Mat__t
  • Bravo, L, et al. (författare)
  • 2021
  • swepub:Mat__t
  • Bixby, H., et al. (författare)
  • Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 569:7755, s. 260-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Body-mass index (BMI) has increased steadily in most countries in parallel with a rise in the proportion of the population who live in cities(.)(1,2) This has led to a widely reported view that urbanization is one of the most important drivers of the global rise in obesity(3-6). Here we use 2,009 population-based studies, with measurements of height and weight in more than 112 million adults, to report national, regional and global trends in mean BMI segregated by place of residence (a rural or urban area) from 1985 to 2017. We show that, contrary to the dominant paradigm, more than 55% of the global rise in mean BMI from 1985 to 2017-and more than 80% in some low- and middle-income regions-was due to increases in BMI in rural areas. This large contribution stems from the fact that, with the exception of women in sub-Saharan Africa, BMI is increasing at the same rate or faster in rural areas than in cities in low- and middle-income regions. These trends have in turn resulted in a closing-and in some countries reversal-of the gap in BMI between urban and rural areas in low- and middle-income countries, especially for women. In high-income and industrialized countries, we noted a persistently higher rural BMI, especially for women. There is an urgent need for an integrated approach to rural nutrition that enhances financial and physical access to healthy foods, to avoid replacing the rural undernutrition disadvantage in poor countries with a more general malnutrition disadvantage that entails excessive consumption of low-quality calories.
  • Khatri, C, et al. (författare)
  • Outcomes after perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with proximal femoral fractures: an international cohort study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: BMJ open. - : BMJ. - 2044-6055. ; 11:11, s. e050830-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Studies have demonstrated high rates of mortality in people with proximal femoral fracture and SARS-CoV-2, but there is limited published data on the factors that influence mortality for clinicians to make informed treatment decisions. This study aims to report the 30-day mortality associated with perioperative infection of patients undergoing surgery for proximal femoral fractures and to examine the factors that influence mortality in a multivariate analysis.SettingProspective, international, multicentre, observational cohort study.ParticipantsPatients undergoing any operation for a proximal femoral fracture from 1 February to 30 April 2020 and with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection (either 7 days prior or 30-day postoperative).Primary outcome30-day mortality. Multivariate modelling was performed to identify factors associated with 30-day mortality.ResultsThis study reports included 1063 patients from 174 hospitals in 19 countries. Overall 30-day mortality was 29.4% (313/1063). In an adjusted model, 30-day mortality was associated with male gender (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.68 to 3.13, p<0.001), age >80 years (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.31, p=0.013), preoperative diagnosis of dementia (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.15 to 2.16, p=0.005), kidney disease (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.18 to 2.55, p=0.005) and congestive heart failure (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.48, p=0.025). Mortality at 30 days was lower in patients with a preoperative diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 (OR 0.6, 95% CI 0.6 (0.42 to 0.85), p=0.004). There was no difference in mortality in patients with an increase to delay in surgery (p=0.220) or type of anaesthetic given (p=0.787).ConclusionsPatients undergoing surgery for a proximal femoral fracture with a perioperative infection of SARS-CoV-2 have a high rate of mortality. This study would support the need for providing these patients with individualised medical and anaesthetic care, including medical optimisation before theatre. Careful preoperative counselling is needed for those with a proximal femoral fracture and SARS-CoV-2, especially those in the highest risk groups.Trial registration numberNCT04323644
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (487)
forskningsöversikt (12)
konferensbidrag (4)
annan publikation (2)
doktorsavhandling (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (468)
övrigt vetenskapligt (38)
James, Stefan K (119)
James, Stefan K., 19 ... (108)
Wallentin, Lars (64)
Hayward, Caroline (61)
Gudnason, Vilmundur (57)
Storey, Robert F. (57)
visa fler...
Lind, Lars (56)
Loos, Ruth J F (54)
Wilson, James F. (52)
Wareham, Nicholas J (51)
Boehnke, Michael (51)
Wallentin, Lars, 194 ... (51)
Van Duijn, Cornelia ... (50)
Rudan, Igor (49)
Uitterlinden, Andre ... (48)
Langenberg, Claudia (48)
Polasek, Ozren (48)
Boerwinkle, Eric (48)
Salomaa, Veikko (47)
Hofman, Albert (47)
Rotter, Jerome I. (47)
Stefansson, Kari (47)
Luan, Jian'an (45)
Mohlke, Karen L (44)
Laakso, Markku (43)
Esko, Tonu (43)
Metspalu, Andres (42)
Harris, Tamara B (42)
Psaty, Bruce M. (41)
McCarthy, Mark I (41)
Gieger, Christian (41)
Lindgren, Cecilia M. (41)
Ridker, Paul M. (40)
Peters, Annette (40)
Jackson, Anne U. (40)
Teumer, Alexander (39)
Campbell, Harry (39)
Erlinge, David (39)
Chasman, Daniel I. (39)
Tuomilehto, Jaakko (39)
Zhao, Jing Hua (39)
Vitart, Veronique (39)
Boomsma, Dorret I. (38)
Deloukas, Panos (38)
Kuusisto, Johanna (38)
Himmelmann, Anders (38)
Becker, Richard C. (38)
Thorsteinsdottir, Un ... (36)
Gustafsson, Stefan (36)
Vollenweider, Peter (36)
visa färre...
Uppsala universitet (334)
Lunds universitet (121)
Karolinska Institutet (89)
Umeå universitet (72)
Göteborgs universitet (70)
Örebro universitet (33)
visa fler...
Stockholms universitet (17)
Linköpings universitet (11)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (10)
Högskolan Dalarna (8)
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (6)
Mittuniversitetet (5)
Högskolan i Borås (5)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (4)
Luleå tekniska universitet (3)
Linnéuniversitetet (3)
Södertörns högskola (2)
Karlstads universitet (1)
visa färre...
Engelska (508)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (385)
Naturvetenskap (52)
Samhällsvetenskap (6)
Lantbruksvetenskap (3)
Teknik (2)
Humaniora (1)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy