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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Jongen L) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Jongen L)

  • Resultat 1-8 av 8
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  • Petroff, E., et al. (författare)
  • A polarized fast radio burst at low Galactic latitude
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - : Oxford University Press. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 469:4, s. 4465-4482
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on the discovery of a new fast radio burst (FRB), FRB 150215, with the Parkes radio telescope on 2015 February 15. The burst was detected in real time with a dispersion measure (DM) of 1105.6 +/- 0.8 pc cm(-3), a pulse duration of 2.8(-0.5)(+1.2) ms, and a measured peak flux density assuming that the burst was at beam centre of 0.7(-0.1)(+0.2) Jy. The FRB originated at a Galactic longitude and latitude of 24.66 degrees, 5.28 degrees and 25 degrees away from the Galactic Center. The burst was found to be 43 +/- 5 per cent linearly polarized with a rotation measure (RM) in the range -9 < RM < 12 rad m(-2) (95 per cent confidence level), consistent with zero. The burst was followed up with 11 telescopes to search for radio, optical, X-ray, gamma-ray and neutrino emission. Neither transient nor variable emission was found to be associated with the burst and no repeat pulses have been observed in 17.25 h of observing. The sightline to the burst is close to the Galactic plane and the observed physical properties of FRB 150215 demonstrate the existence of sight lines of anomalously low RM for a given electron column density. The Galactic RM foreground may approach a null value due to magnetic field reversals along the line of sight, a decreased total electron column density from the Milky Way, or some combination of these effects. A lower Galactic DM contribution might explain why this burst was detectable whereas previous searches at low latitude have had lower detection rates than those out of the plane.
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  • Yi, Chuixiang, et al. (författare)
  • Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and continents
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters. - : IOP Publishing. - 1748-9326. ; 5:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Understanding the relationships between climate and carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems is critical to predict future levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide because of the potential accelerating effects of positive climate-carbon cycle feedbacks. However, directly observed relationships between climate and terrestrial CO2 exchange with the atmosphere across biomes and continents are lacking. Here we present data describing the relationships between net ecosystem exchange of carbon (NEE) and climate factors as measured using the eddy covariance method at 125 unique sites in various ecosystems over six continents with a total of 559 site-years. We find that NEE observed at eddy covariance sites is (1) a strong function of mean annual temperature at mid-and high-latitudes, (2) a strong function of dryness at mid-and low-latitudes, and (3) a function of both temperature and dryness around the mid-latitudinal belt (45 degrees N). The sensitivity of NEE to mean annual temperature breaks down at similar to 16 degrees C (a threshold value of mean annual temperature), above which no further increase of CO2 uptake with temperature was observed and dryness influence overrules temperature influence.
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  • Bosmans, J W A M, et al. (författare)
  • Functional mucous layer and healing of proximal colonic anastomoses in an experimental model.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The British journal of surgery. - 1365-2168. ; 104:5, s. 619-630
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Anastomotic leakage (AL) is the most dreaded complication after colorectal surgery, causing high morbidity and mortality. Mucus is a first line of defence against external factors in the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, the structural mucus protein Muc2 was depleted in genetically engineered mice and the effect on healing of colonic anastomoses studied in an experimental model.Mice of different Muc2 genotypes were used in a proximal colonic AL model. Tissues were scored histologically for inflammation, bacterial translocation was determined by quantitative PCR of bacterial 16S ribosomal DNA, and epithelial cell damage was determined by assessing serum levels of intestinal fatty acid-binding protein.Of 22 Muc2-deficient (Muc2(-/-) ) mice, 20 developed AL, compared with seven of 22 control animals (P < 0·001). Control mice showed normal healing, whereas Muc2(-/-) mice had more inflammation with less collagen deposition and neoangiogenesis. A tendency towards higher bacterial translocation was seen in mesenteric lymph nodes and spleen in Muc2(-/-) mice. Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein levels were significantly higher in Muc2(-/-) mice compared with controls (P = 0·011).A functional mucous layer facilitates the healing of colonic anastomoses. Clinical relevance Colorectal anastomotic leakage remains the most dreaded complication after colorectal surgery. It is known that the aetiology of anastomotic leakage is multifactorial, and a role is suggested for the interaction between intraluminal content and mucosa. In this murine model of proximal colonic anastomotic leakage, the authors investigated the mucous layer at the intestinal mucosa, as the first line of defence, and found that a normal, functioning mucous layer is essential in the healing process of colonic anastomoses. Further research on anastomotic healing should focus on positively influencing the mucous layer to promote better postoperative recovery.
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  • Kappos, L., et al. (författare)
  • Long-term subcutaneous interferon beta-1a therapy in patients with relapsing-remitting MS
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : American Academy of Neurology. - 1526-632X. ; 67:6, s. 944-953
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To conduct systematic long-term follow-up (LTFU) of patients in the Prevention of Relapses and Disability by Interferon beta-1a Subcutaneously in Multiple Sclerosis ( PRISMS) study to provide up to 8 years of safety, clinical and MRI outcomes on subcutaneous (SC) interferon (IFN) beta-1a in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Methods: The original cohort of 560 patients was randomized to IFN beta-1a, 44 or 22 mu g three times weekly (TIW) or to placebo; after 2 years, patients on placebo were rerandomized to active treatment and the blinded study continued for a further 4 years. The LTFU visit was scheduled 7 to 8 years after baseline. Results: LTFU was attended by 68.2% of the original PRISMS study cohort ( 382/560 patients). 72.0% (275/382) were still receiving IFN beta-1a SC TIW. Patients originally randomized to IFN beta-1a 44 mu g SC TIW showed lower Expanded Disability Status Scale progression, relapse rate and T2 burden of disease up to 8 years compared with those in the late treatment group. Brain parenchymal volume did not show differences by treatment group. Overall, 19.7% of patients progressed to secondary progressive MS between baseline and LTFU (75/381). No new safety concerns were identified and treatment was generally well tolerated. Conclusions: Despite the limitations inherent in any long-term study ( for example, potential differences between returning and nonreturning patients), these results indicate that patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis can experience sustained benefit over many years from early interferon beta-1a subcutaneous therapy three times weekly compared with patients whose treatment is delayed. This effect was more apparent in the patients receiving the higher dose.
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  • Resultat 1-8 av 8

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