SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Kallioniemi A) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Kallioniemi A)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 84
  • [1]234567...9Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Hudson, Thomas J., et al. (författare)
  • International network of cancer genome projects
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 464:7291, s. 993-998
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) was launched to coordinate large-scale cancer genome studies in tumours from 50 different cancer types and/or subtypes that are of clinical and societal importance across the globe. Systematic studies of more than 25,000 cancer genomes at the genomic, epigenomic and transcriptomic levels will reveal the repertoire of oncogenic mutations, uncover traces of the mutagenic influences, define clinically relevant subtypes for prognosis and therapeutic management, and enable the development of new cancer therapies.
  •  
2.
  • Karppinen, S. -M., et al. (författare)
  • Nordic collaborative study of the BARD1 Cys557Ser allele in 3956 patients with cancer: enrichment in familial BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation-negative breast cancer but not in other malignancies
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Medical Genetics. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 0022-2593 .- 1468-6244. ; 43:11, s. 856-862
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: BARD1 was originally identified as a BRCA1- interacting protein but has also been described in tumour-suppressive functions independent of BRCA1. Several studies have indicated that the BARD1 gene is a potential target for germline changes predisposing to breast and ovarian cancer. The C- terminal Cys557Ser change has previously been uncovered to associate with an increased risk of breast cancer and was recently shown to result in defective apoptotic activities. Aim and methods: Conformation- sensitive gel electrophoresis, minisequencing, TaqMan assays, denaturing high- performance liquid chromatography analysis and DNA sequencing were used to investigate the prevalence of the Cys557Ser allele in a large Nordic case - control study cohort consisting of 2906 patients with breast or ovarian cancer, 734 with prostate cancer, 188 with colorectal cancer, 128 men with breast cancer, and 3591 controls from Finland, Iceland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway. Results: The frequency of the BARD1 Cys557Ser variant seemed to increase among patients from families with breast or ovarian cancer lacking BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations: a significant difference was obtained compared with controls ( 6.8% v 2.7%; p < 0.001; odds ratio ( OR) 2.6; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7 to 4.0) and with patients from BRCA1/ BRCA2 mutation- positive families ( 6.8% v 2.2%; p = 0.01; OR 3.2; 95% CI 1.2 to 8.3). In contrast, no major association with male breast, ovarian, colorectal or prostate cancer was observed. Additionally, a novel BARD1 allele resulting in Ser558Pro was identified in familial breast cancer cases. Conclusion: These results provide further evidence that BARD1 Cys557Ser confers a slightly increased risk of breast cancer in women.
  •  
3.
  • Pelttari, LM, et al. (författare)
  • RAD51B in Familial Breast Cancer
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PloS one. - 1932-6203. ; 11:5, s. e0153788-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  •  
4.
  • Larne, O., et al. (författare)
  • MIR-183 in prostate cancer cells positively regulates synthesis and serum levels of prostate-specific antigen
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Urology. - : Elsevier. - 0302-2838 .- 1873-7560. ; 68:4, s. 581-588
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Factors affecting serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in men are clinically important, but apart from effects mediated through the androgen receptor, they are poorly understood. Objective To investigate whether microRNA (miRNA) affects the synthesis and serum levels of PSA. Design, setting, and participants Reporter assays with PSA and KLK2 3′ untranslated regions (UTRs) to confirm posttranscriptional regulation was followed by high-throughput screening of the effect of 1129 miRNAs on PSA levels using reverse phase protein arrays (RPPAs) to identify individual regulatory miRNAs. The candidate miRNAs were investigated further in vitro by Western blot, immunofluorometrics, activity assays, quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, reporter assays, and growth assays. Prostate levels of miR-183 were compared with PSA transcript and serum PSA levels in prostate cancer cohorts. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis RankProd was used to evaluate the RPPAs, and the Student t test was used for the in vitro experiments. The Spearman and Cuzick tests were used in the patient material, and overall survival was analysed by Kaplan-Meier and log-rank analysis. Results and limitations Gain-of-function screenings identified 32 miRNAs that increase PSA levels. One of these, miR-183, was found to bind the 3′ UTR of PSA directly and increase both protein and messenger RNA levels. Prostatic levels of miR-183 and serum PSA showed correlation in a cohort of 74 men. In addition, miR-183 promotes cellular growth in vitro and correlates to clinical parameters such as World Health Organisation grade and clinical progression. Conclusions The synthesis and serum levels of PSA are directly affected by miR-183 and may be a factor to consider when PSA values are evaluated in clinical settings. Patient summary These findings offer novel insights into the regulation of prostate-specific antigen and may eventually affect clinical decision making in prostate cancer. © 2014 European Association of Urology.
  •  
5.
  • Segal, Eran, et al. (författare)
  • Building an international consortium for tracking coronavirus health status
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Medicine. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1078-8956 .- 1546-170X. ; 26:8, s. 1161-1165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We call upon the research community to standardize efforts to use daily self-reported data about COVID-19 symptoms in the response to the pandemic and to form a collaborative consortium to maximize global gain while protecting participant privacy.
  •  
6.
  • Surakka, Ida, et al. (författare)
  • The impact of low-frequency and rare variants on lipid levels.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718 .- 1061-4036. ; 47:6, s. 589-597
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using a genome-wide screen of 9.6 million genetic variants achieved through 1000 Genomes Project imputation in 62,166 samples, we identify association to lipid traits in 93 loci, including 79 previously identified loci with new lead SNPs and 10 new loci, 15 loci with a low-frequency lead SNP and 10 loci with a missense lead SNP, and 2 loci with an accumulation of rare variants. In six loci, SNPs with established function in lipid genetics (CELSR2, GCKR, LIPC and APOE) or candidate missense mutations with predicted damaging function (CD300LG and TM6SF2) explained the locus associations. The low-frequency variants increased the proportion of variance explained, particularly for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol. Altogether, our results highlight the impact of low-frequency variants in complex traits and show that imputation offers a cost-effective alternative to resequencing.
  •  
7.
  •  
8.
  •  
9.
  • Antoniou, A. C., et al. (författare)
  • The BOADICEA model of genetic susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancers: updates and extensions
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1532-1827. ; 98:8, s. 1457-1466
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Multiple genetic loci confer susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancers. We have previously developed a model (BOADICEA) under which susceptibility to breast cancer is explained by mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2, as well as by the joint multiplicative effects of many genes ( polygenic component). We have now updated BOADICEA using additional family data from two UK population-based studies of breast cancer and family data from BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers identified by 22 population-based studies of breast or ovarian cancer. The combined data set includes 2785 families ( 301 BRCA1 positive and 236 BRCA2 positive). Incidences were smoothed using locally weighted regression techniques to avoid large variations between adjacent intervals. A birth cohort effect on the cancer risks was implemented, whereby each individual was assumed to develop cancer according to calendar period-specific incidences. The fitted model predicts that the average breast cancer risks in carriers increase in more recent birth cohorts. For example, the average cumulative breast cancer risk to age 70 years among BRCA1 carriers is 50% for women born in 1920 - 1929 and 58% among women born after 1950. The model was further extended to take into account the risks of male breast, prostate and pancreatic cancer, and to allow for the risk of multiple cancers. BOADICEA can be used to predict carrier probabilities and cancer risks to individuals with any family history, and has been implemented in userfriendly Web-based program(http://www.srl.cam.ac.uk/genepi/boadicea/boadicea_home. html).
  •  
10.
  • Brodin, Bertha A., et al. (författare)
  • Drug sensitivity testing on patient-derived sarcoma cells predicts patient response to treatment and identifies c-Sarc inhibitors as active drugs for translocation sarcomas
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 120:4, s. 435-443
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Heterogeneity and low incidence comprise the biggest challenge in sarcoma diagnosis and treatment. Chemotherapy, although efficient for some sarcoma subtypes, generally results in poor clinical responses and is mostly recommended for advanced disease. Specific genomic aberrations have been identified in some sarcoma subtypes but few of them can be targeted with approved drugs. METHODS: We cultured and characterised patient-derived sarcoma cells and evaluated their sensitivity to 525 anti-cancer agents including both approved and non-approved drugs. In total, 14 sarcomas and 5 healthy mesenchymal primary cell cultures were studied. The sarcoma biopsies and derived cells were characterised by gene panel sequencing, cancer driver gene expression and by detecting specific fusion oncoproteins in situ in sarcomas with translocations. RESULTS: Soft tissue sarcoma cultures were established from patient biopsies with a success rate of 58%. The genomic profile and drug sensitivity testing on these samples helped to identify targeted inhibitors active on sarcomas. The cSrc inhibitor Dasatinib was identified as an active drug in sarcomas carrying chromosomal translocations. The drug sensitivity of the patient sarcoma cells ex vivo correlated with the response to the former treatment of the patient. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that patient-derived sarcoma cells cultured in vitro are relevant and practical models for genotypic and phenotypic screens aiming to identify efficient drugs to treat sarcoma patients with poor treatment options.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 84
  • [1]234567...9Nästa

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy