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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Kawaguchi R) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Kawaguchi R)

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  • Adam, A, et al. (författare)
  • Abstracts from Hydrocephalus 2016.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS. - 2045-8118 .- 2045-8118. ; 14:Suppl 1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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  • Lamb, G. P., et al. (författare)
  • Short GRB 160821B : A Reverse Shock, a Refreshed Shock, and a Well-sampled Kilonova
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X .- 1538-4357. ; 883:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report our identification of the optical afterglow and host galaxy of the short-duration gamma-ray burst sGRB 160821B. The spectroscopic redshift of the host is z = 0.162, making it one of the lowest redshift short-duration gamma-ray bursts (sGRBs) identified by Swift. Our intensive follow-up campaign using a range of ground-based facilities as well as Hubble Space Telescope, XMM-Newton, and Swift, shows evidence for a late-time excess of optical and near-infrared emission in addition to a complex afterglow. The afterglow light curve at X-ray frequencies reveals a narrow jet, theta(j) similar to 1.9(-0.03)(+0.10) deg, that is refreshed at >1 day post-burst by a slower outflow with significantly more energy than the initial outflow that produced the main GRB. Observations of the 5 GHz radio afterglow shows a reverse shock into a mildly magnetized shell. The optical and near-infrared excess is fainter than AT2017gfo associated with GW170817, and is well explained by a kilonova with dynamic ejecta mass M-dyn = (1.0 +/- 0.6) x 10(-3) M-circle dot and a secular (post-merger) ejecta mass with M-pm = (1.0 +/- 0.6) x 10(-2) M-circle dot, consistent with a binary neutron star merger resulting in a short-lived massive neutron star. This optical and near-infrared data set provides the best-sampled kilonova light curve without a gravitational wave trigger to date.
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  • Okada, Yukinori, et al. (författare)
  • Genetics of rheumatoid arthritis contributes to biology and drug discovery
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 506:7488, s. 376-381
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A major challenge in human genetics is to devise a systematic strategy to integrate disease-associated variants with diverse genomic and biological data sets to provide insight into disease pathogenesis and guide drug discovery for complex traits such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA)(1). Here we performed a genome-wide association study meta-analysis in a total of >100,000 subjects of European and Asian ancestries (29,880 RA cases and 73,758 controls), by evaluating similar to 10 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms. We discovered 42 novel RA risk loci at a genome-wide level of significance, bringing the total to 101 (refs 2-4). We devised an in silico pipeline using established bioinformatics methods based on functional annotation(5), cis-acting expression quantitative trait loci(6) and pathway analyses(7-9)-as well as novel methods based on genetic overlap with human primary immunodeficiency, haematological cancer somatic mutations and knockout mouse phenotypes-to identify 98 biological candidate genes at these 101 risk loci. We demonstrate that these genes are the targets of approved therapies for RA, and further suggest that drugs approved for other indications may be repurposed for the treatment of RA. Together, this comprehensive genetic study sheds light on fundamental genes, pathways and cell types that contribute to RA pathogenesis, and provides empirical evidence that the genetics of RA can provide important information for drug discovery.
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  • Inoue T, T, et al. (författare)
  • Autofluorescence imaging videoendoscopy in the diagnosis of chronic atrophic fundal gastritis
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Gastroenterology. - : Springer. - 0944-1174. ; 45:1, s. 45-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Diagnosis of chronic atrophic fundal gastritis (CAFG) is important to understand the pathogenesis of gastric diseases and assess the risk of gastric cancer. Autofluorescence imaging videoendoscopy (AFI) may enable the detection of mucosal features not apparent by conventional white-light endoscopy. The purpose of this study was to estimate the diagnostic ability of AFI in CAFG. Methods: A total of 77 patients were enrolled. Images of the gastric body in AFI and white-light mode were taken to assess the extent of gastritis, and biopsies were taken from green (n = 119) and purple (n = 146) mucosa in AFI images. The diagnostic accuracy of green mucosa for CAFG was investigated according to the Sydney system. Results: In per-patient analysis, the accuracy of green mucosa in patients with activity, inflammation, atrophy and intestinal metaplasia was 64, 93, 88 and 81%, respectively. In per-biopsy analysis, the accuracy for activity, inflammation, atrophy and intestinal metaplasia was 55, 62, 76 and 76%, respectively. Green areas in the gastric body exhibited more inflammation (p\0.001), atrophy (p\0.001) and intestinal metaplasia (p\0.001), whereas purple areas rarely contained atrophy or intestinal metaplasia. The kappa statistics for inter- and intra-observer agreement of AFI on assessing the extent of CAFG were 0.66 and 0.47, while those for white-light endoscopy were 0.56 and 0.39. Conclusions: AFI could diagnose the extent of CAFG as a green area in the gastric body, with higher reproducibility compared with white-light endoscopy. Therefore, AFI may be a useful adjunct to endoscopy to identify patients at high risk of developing gastric cancer.
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  • McAlindon, T E, et al. (författare)
  • OARSI guidelines for the non-surgical management of knee osteoarthritis.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. - : Elsevier. - 1063-4584. ; 22:3, s. 363-388
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To develop concise, up-to-date, patient-focused, evidence-based, expert consensus guidelines for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA), intended to inform patients, physicians, and allied healthcare professionals worldwide.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 21
  • [1]23Nästa
 
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