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Sökning: WFRF:(Ke Rongqin)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 16
  • [1]2Nästa
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  • Ke, Rongqin, et al. (författare)
  • Colorimetric Nucleic Acid Testing Assay for RNA Virus Detection Based on Circle-to-Circle Amplification of Padlock Probes
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. - 0095-1137 .- 1098-660X. ; 49:12, s. 4279-4285
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We developed a molecular diagnostic method for detection of RNA virus based on padlock probes and colorimetric readout. The feasibility of our approach was demonstrated by using detection of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus as a model. Compared with conventional PCR-based methods, our approach does not require advanced equipment, involves easier assay design, and has a sensitivity of 103 viral copies/ml. By using a cocktail of padlock probes, synthetic templates representing different viral strain variants could be detected. We analyzed 34 CCHF patient samples, and all patients were correctly diagnosed when the results were compared to those of the current real-time PCR method. This is the first time that highly specific padlock probes have been applied to detection of a highly variable target sequence typical of RNA viruses.
  • Barisic, Ivan, et al. (författare)
  • Multiplex detection of antibiotic resistance genes using padlock probes
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. - 0732-8893 .- 1879-0070. ; 77:2, s. 118-125
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The elucidation of resistance mechanisms is of central importance to providing and maintaining efficient medical treatment. However, molecular detection methods covering the complete set of resistance genes with a single test are still missing. Here, we present a novel 100-plex assay based on padlock probes in combination with a microarray that allows the simultaneous large-scale identification of highly diverse beta-lactamases. The specificity of the assay was performed using 70 clinical bacterial isolates, recovering 98% of the beta-lactamase nucleotide sequences present. Additionally, the sensitivity was evaluated with PCR products and genomic bacterial DNA, revealing a detection limit of 10(4) DNA copies per reaction when using PCR products as the template. Pre-amplification of genomic DNA in a 25-multiplex PCR further facilitated the detection of beta-lactamase genes in dilutions of 10(7) cells/mL. In summary, we present an efficient, highly specific, and highly sensitive multiplex detection method for any gene.
  • Göransson, Jenny, et al. (författare)
  • Rapid Identification of Bio-Molecules Applied for Detection of Biosecurity Agents Using Rolling Circle Amplification
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203 .- 1932-6203. ; 7:2, s. e31068-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Detection and identification of pathogens in environmental samples for biosecurity applications are challenging due to the strict requirements on specificity, sensitivity and time. We have developed a concept for quick, specific and sensitive pathogen identification in environmental samples. Target identification is realized by padlock- and proximity probing, and reacted probes are amplified by RCA (rolling-circle amplification). The individual RCA products are labeled by fluorescence and enumerated by an instrument, developed for sensitive and rapid digital analysis. The concept is demonstrated by identification of simili biowarfare agents for bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pantoea agglomerans) and spores (Bacillus atrophaeus) released in field.
  • Ke, Rongqin (författare)
  • Detection and Sequencing of Amplified Single Molecules
  • 2012
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Improved analytical methods provide new opportunities for both biological research and medical applications. This thesis describes several novel molecular techniques for nucleic acid and protein analysis based on detection or sequencing of amplified single molecules (ASMs). ASMs were generated from padlock probe assay and proximity ligation assay (PLA) through a series of molecular processes.In Paper I, a simple colorimetric readout strategy for detection of ASMs generated from padlock probe assay was used for highly sensitive detection of RNA virus, showing the potential of using padlock probes in the point-of-care diagnostics. In Paper II, digital quantification of ASMs, which were generated from padlock probe assay and PLA through circle-to-circle amplification (C2CA), was used for rapid and sensitive detection of nucleic acids and proteins, aiming for applications in biodefense. In Paper III, digital quantification of ASMs that were generated from PLA without C2CA was shown to be able to improve the precision and sensitivity of PLA when compared to the conventional real-time PCR readout. In Paper IV, a non-optical approach for detection of ASMs generated from PLA was used for sensitive detection of bacterial spores. ASMs were detected through sensing oligonucleotide-functionalized magnetic nanobeads that were trapped within them.Finally, based on in situ sequencing of ASMs generated via padlock probe assay, a novel method that enabled sequencing of individual mRNA molecules in their natural context was established and presented in Paper V. Highly multiplex detection of mRNA molecules was also achieved based on in situ sequencing. In situ sequencing allows studies of mRNA molecules from different aspects that cannot be accessed by current in situ hybridization techniques, providing possibilities for discovery of new information from the complexity of transcriptome. Therefore, it has a great potential to become a useful tool for gene expression research and disease diagnostics.
  • Ke, Rongqin, et al. (författare)
  • Fourth Generation of Next-Generation Sequencing Technologies : Promise and Consequences
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Human Mutation. - 1059-7794 .- 1098-1004. ; 37:12, s. 1363-1367
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this review, we discuss the emergence of the fourth-generation sequencing technologies that preserve the spatial coordinates of RNA and DNA sequences with up to subcellular resolution, thus enabling back mapping of sequencing reads to the original histological context. This information is used, for example, in two current large-scale projects that aim to unravel the function of the brain. Also in cancer research, fourth-generation sequencing has the potential to revolutionize the field. Cancer Research UK has named Mapping the molecular and cellular tumor microenvironment in order to define new targets for therapy and prognosis one of the grand challenges in tumor biology. We discuss the advantages of sequencing nucleic acids directly in fixed cells over traditional next-generation sequencing (NGS) methods, the limitations and challenges that these new methods have to face to become broadly applicable, and the impact that the information generated by the combination of in situ sequencing and NGS methods will have in research and diagnostics.
  • Ke, Rongqin, et al. (författare)
  • Improving Precision of Proximity Ligation Assay by Amplified Single Molecule Detection
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203 .- 1932-6203. ; 8:7, s. e69813-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Proximity ligation assay (PLA) has been proven to be a robust protein detection method. The technique is characterized by high sensitivity and specificity, but the assay precision is probably limited by the PCR readout. To investigate this potential limitation and to improve precision, we developed a digital proximity ligation assay for protein measurement in fluids based on amplified single molecule detection. The assay showed significant improvements in precision, and thereby also detection sensitivity, over the conventional real-time PCR readout.
  • Ke, Rongqin, et al. (författare)
  • In situ sequencing for RNA analysis in preserved tissue and cells
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nature Methods. - 1548-7091 .- 1548-7105. ; 10:9, s. 857-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Tissue gene expression profiling is performed on homogenates or on populations of isolated single cells to resolve molecular states of different cell types. In both approaches, histological context is lost. We have developed an in situ sequencing method for parallel targeted analysis of short RNA fragments in morphologically preserved cells and tissue. We demonstrate in situ sequencing of point mutations and multiplexed gene expression profiling in human breast cancer tissue sections.
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