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Sökning: WFRF:(Keech Anthony C.)

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  • Charytan, David M., et al. (författare)
  • Efficacy and Safety of Evolocumab in Chronic Kidney Disease in the FOURIER Trial
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 73:23, s. 2961-2970
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACK GROUND Data on PCSK9 inhibition in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is limited. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes with evolocumab and placebo according to kidney function. METHODS The FOURIER (Further Cardiovascular Outcomes Research with PCSK9 Inhibition in Subjects with Elevated Risk) trial randomized individuals with clinically evident atherosclerosis and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) amp;gt;= 70 mg/dl or non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol amp;gt;= 100 mg/dl to evolocumab or placebo. The primary endpoint (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalization for unstable angina, or coronary revascularization), key secondary endpoint (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke), and safety were analyzed according to chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage estimated from CKD-epidemiology estimated glomerular filtration rate. RESULTS There were 8,077 patients with preserved kidney function, 15,034 with stage 2 CKD, and 4,443 with amp;gt;= stage 3 CKD. LDL-C reduction with evolocumab compared with placebo at 48 weeks was similar across CKD groups at 59%, 59%, and 58%, respectively. Relative risk reduction for the primary endpoint was similar for preserved function (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.71 to 0.94), stage 2 (HR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.77 to 0.94), and stage amp;gt;= 3 CKD (HR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.76 to 1.05); p(int) = 0.77. Relative risk reduction for the secondary endpoint was similar across CKD stages (p(int) = 0.75)-preserved function (HR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.62 to 0.90), stage 2 (HR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.72 to 0.93), stage amp;gt;= 3 (HR: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.95). Absolute RRs at 30 months for the secondary endpoint were -2.5% (95% CI: -0.4% to -4.7%) for stage amp;gt;= 3 CKD compared with -1.7% (95% CI: 0.5% to -2.8%) with preserved kidney function. Adverse events, including estimated glomerular filtration rate decline, were infrequent and similar regardless of CKD stage. CONCLUSIONS LDL-C lowering and relative clinical efficacy and safety of evolocumab versus placebo were consistent across CKD groups. Absolute reduction in the composite of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke with evolocumab was numerically greater with more advanced CKD. (C) 2019 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
  • Hiukka, Anne, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term effects of fenofibrate on carotid intima-media thickness and augmentation index in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - 1558-3597. ; 52:25, s. 2190-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: The aim of this substudy was to ascertain whether long-term treatment with fenofibrate reduces surrogate measures of atherosclerosis, biomarkers of inflammation, and endothelial activation in patients with type 2 diabetes. BACKGROUND: Some fibrates may decrease cardiovascular events, improve endothelial function, and reduce levels of acute-phase proteins. In the FIELD (Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes) study, fenofibrate failed to decrease the primary end point of coronary events in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 170 patients with type 2 diabetes of the FIELD Helsinki cohort were randomly assigned to micronized fenofibrate 200 mg/day or placebo in a double-blind design. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and the augmentation index (a measure of large artery stiffness) were measured at baseline and at second- and fifth-year visits. Plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), secretory phospholipase A2 IIA (SPLA2), E-selectin, vascular cellular adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, and intercellular adhesion molecule (CAM)-1 were determined by commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits at the same visits. RESULTS: IMT and the augmentation index increased similarly in both treatment groups during the study. Plasma levels of CRP, IL-6, SPLA2, SAA, VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and E-selectin remained unchanged in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Fenofibrate treatment was not associated with beneficial changes in IMT, augmentation index, or biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial function. (Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes; NCT00132886).
  • Larsson, Christina R., et al. (författare)
  • Suboptimal behaviour and knowledge regarding overnight glycaemia in adults with type 1 diabetes is common
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Internal medicine journal (Print). - : Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc.. - 1444-0903 .- 1445-5994. ; 48:9, s. 1080-1086
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundIn people with type 1 diabetes (T1D), nocturnal hypoglycaemia (NH) can be slept through and can cause seizures, arrhythmias and death. Hypoglycaemia avoidance can induce hyperglycaemia and ketosis. Patient behaviour impacts clinical outcomes and may be changed by education.AimTo develop and utilise a survey to evaluate patient self‐management of overnight glycaemia in adults with T1D.MethodsAdults with T1D attending two Australian tertiary referral diabetes clinics completed a survey about their diabetes self‐management and glycaemic control, including responses to hypothetical pre‐bed blood glucose (BG) levels (4–20 mmol/L). Statistical analyses included t‐tests, Chi square tests and ANOVA with significance considered at P < 0.05.ResultsThere were 205 participants (103 females), with a mean (SD) age of 41 (17) years, T1D duration of 20 (16) years, HbA1c of 7.8(1.4)%, (61.3(8.2) mmol/mol), 38% on insulin pump therapy (CSII) and 36% with impaired hypoglycaemia awareness (IHA). Mean (SD) number of BG tests/day was 5.4 (2.7). Patients set higher BG target levels at bedtime and overnight: 7.5(1.4) and 7.1(1.3) mmol/L, respectively, compared to daytime (6.9(1.0); P < 0.0001 and P = 0.002 respectively). Only 36% of participants reported treating nocturnal hypoglycaemia (NH) with the recommended refined, then complex, carbohydrate. Only 28% of patients made safe choices in all bedtime BG scenarios, with higher rates for CSII users, P = 0.0005. Further education was desired by 32% of respondents, with higher rates in those with (44%) versus without IHA (25%), P = 0.006.ConclusionsMany adults with T1D have suboptimal knowledge and behaviour regarding overnight BG self‐management. A survey, piloted herein, may facilitate the identification of patients who could benefit from further education.
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