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Sökning: WFRF:(Klarskov Peter)

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1.
  • Hedlund, Per Olov, et al. (författare)
  • Significance of pretreatment cardiovascular morbidity as a risk factor during treatment with parenteral oestrogen or combined androgen deprivation of 915 patients with metastasized prostate cancer : Evaluation of cardiovascular events in a randomized trial
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - London : Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; 45:5, s. 346-353
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. This study aimed to evaluate prognostic risk factors for cardiovascular events during treatment of metastatic prostate cancer patients with high-dose parenteral polyoestradiol phosphate (PEP, Estradurin (R)) or combined androgen deprivation (CAD) with special emphasis on pretreatment cardiovascular disease. Material and methods. Nine-hundred and fifteen patients with T0-4, Nx, M1, G1-3, hormone- naive prostate cancer were randomized to treatment with PEP 240 mg i.m. twice a month for 2 months and thereafter monthly, or to flutamide (Eulexin (R)) 250 mg per os three times daily in combination with either triptorelin (Decapeptyl (R)) 3.75 mg i.m. per month or on an optional basis with bilateral orchidectomy. Pretreatment cardiovascular morbidity was recorded and cardiovascular events during treatment were assessed by an experienced cardiologist. A multivariate analysis was done using logistic regression. Results. There was a significant increase in cardiovascular events during treatment with PEP in patients with previous ischaemic heart disease (p = 0.008), ischaemic cerebral disease (p = 0.002), intermittent claudication (p = 0.031) and especially when the whole group of patients with pretreatment cardiovascular diseases was analysed together (p < 0.001). In this group 33% of the patients had a cardiovascular event during PEP treatment. In the multivariate analysis PEP stood out as the most important risk factor for cardiac complications (p = 0.029). Even in the CAD group there was a significant increase in cardiovascular events in the group with all previous cardiovascular diseases taken together (p = 0.036). Conclusions. Patients with previous cardiovascular disease are at considerable risk of cardiovascular events during treatment with high-dose PEP and even during CAD therapy. Patients without pretreatment cardiovascular morbidity have a moderate cardiovascular risk during PEP treatment and could be considered for this treatment if the advantages of this therapy, e. g. avoidance of osteopenia and hot flushes and the low price, are given priority.
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  • Hedlund, P. O., et al. (författare)
  • Parenteral estrogen versus combined androgen deprivation in the treatment of metastatic prostatic cancer : Part 2. Final evaluation of the Scandinavian Prostatic Cancer Group (SPCG) Study No. 5
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; 42:3, s. 220-229
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To compare parenteral estrogen therapy in the form of high-dose polyestradiol phosphate (PEP, Estradurin®) with combined androgen deprivation (CAD) in the treatment of prostate cancer patients with skeletal metastases. The aim of the study was to compare anticancer efficacy and adverse events, especially cardiovascular events. Material and methods. In total, 910 eligible patients with T0-4, NX, M1, G1-3 prostate cancer with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2 were randomized to treatment with either PEP 240mg i.m. twice a month for 2months and thereafter monthly, or flutamide (Eulexin®) 250mg t.i.d. per os in combination with either triptorelin (Decapeptyl®) 3.75mg i.m. per month or on an optional basis bilateral orchidectomy. Results. At this final evaluation of the trial 855 of the 910 patients were dead. There was no difference between the treatment groups in terms of biochemical or clinical progression-free survival or in overall or disease-specific survival. There was no difference in cardiovascular mortality, but a significant increase in non-fatal cardiovascular events in the PEP arm (p<0.05) predominantly caused by an increase in ischemic heart and heart decompensation events. There were 18 grave skeletal events in the CAD group but none in the PEP group (p=0.001). Conclusions. PEP has an anticancer efficacy equal to CAD and does not increase cardiovascular mortality in metastasized patients, but carries a significant risk of non-fatal cardiovascular events, which should be balanced against the skeletal complications in the CAD group. It is feasible to use Estradurin in the primary or secondary endocrine treatment of metastasized patients without prominent cardiac risk factors and especially those with osteoporosis. © 2008 Taylor & Francis.
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  • Iversen, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Bicalutamide 150 mg in addition to standard care for patients with early non-metastatic prostate cancer : updated results from the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Period Group-6 Study after a median follow-up period of 7.1 years
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - London : Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; 40:6, s. 441-452
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The Early Prostate Cancer (EPC) programme is evaluating the efficacy and tolerability of bicalutamide following standard care (radiotherapy, radical prostatectomy or watchful waiting) in patients with localized (T1-2, N0/Nx) or locally advanced (T3-4, any N; or any T, N + ) non-metastatic prostate cancer. Herein we report the latest findings after a median follow-up period of 7.1 years from the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group (SPCG)-6 study, one of three trials in the EPC programme. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1218 patients were randomized on a 1:1 basis to either bicalutamide 150 mg/day (n=607) or placebo (n=611) following standard care; 81.4% were followed conservatively (watchful waiting). The primary endpoints were objective progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: In patients with localized disease there was no significant difference in PFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.85; 95% CI 0.69-1.06; p=0.15] and a trend towards decreased OS with bicalutamide plus standard care compared with standard care alone (HR 1.23; 95% CI 0.96-1.58; p=0.11). In patients with locally advanced disease, bicalutamide significantly improved PFS, reducing the risk of progression by 53% compared with standard care alone (HR 0.47; 95% CI 0.37-0.59; p<0.001). The median time to progression was 8.8 years for bicalutamide plus standard care and 7.1 years for standard care alone. There was a significant improvement in OS with bicalutamide plus standard care, with a reduction in the risk of death of 35% versus standard care alone (HR 0.65; 95% CI 0.50-0.85; p=0.001). CONCLUSION: This analysis of the SPCG-6 study showed that bicalutamide plus standard care offers significant PFS and OS benefits for patients with locally advanced disease, but not for those with localized disease.
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5.
  • Axcrona, Karol, et al. (författare)
  • Androgen deprivation therapy for volume reduction, lower urinary tract symptom relief and quality of life improvement in patients with prostate cancer: degarelix vs goserelin plus bicalutamide.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: BJU international. - 1464-410X. ; 110:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Study Type - Therapy (RCT) Level of Evidence 1b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is commonly used as a primary treatment for patients with prostate cancer (PCa) who are not eligible for radical treatment options. ADT is also used in patients with PCa as neo-adjuvant hormone therapy to reduce prostate volume and down-stage the disease before radiotherapy with curative intent. The present study showed that ADT with the gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone (GhRH) antagonist degarelix is non-inferior to combined treatment with the LHRH agonist goserelin and bicalutamide in terms of reducing prostate volume during the treatment period of 3 months. Degarelix treatment evokes, however, significantly better relief of lower urinary tract symptoms in patients having moderate and severe voiding problems. OBJECTIVE: •  To assess the efficacy of monthly degarelix treatment for reduction of total prostate volume (TPV), relief of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and improvement of quality of life (QoL) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) using monthly goserelin as active control. METHODS: •  This was a randomized, parallel-arm, active-controlled, open-label, multicentre trial on 182 patients treated with either monthly degarelix (240/80 mg) or goserelin (3.6 mg) for 12 weeks. •  For flare protection, goserelin-treated patients also received daily bicalutamide (50 mg) during the initial 28 days. •  Key trial variables monitored monthly were TPV (primary endpoint), serum testosterone, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Impact Index. RESULTS: •  In all, 175 patients completed the trial (96.1%). •  At week 12, changes in TPV for degarelix and goserelin were similar (-37.2% vs -39.0%) and met the predefined non-inferiority criterion. •  Decreases in IPSS were greater in degarelix than in goserelin-treated patients, differences being statistically significant in patients with baseline IPSS > 13 (-6.7 ± 1.8 vs -4.0 ± 1.0; P= 0.02). •  The number of patients with an IPSS change of ≥3 over baseline was also significantly higher in patients treated with degarelix (61.0 vs 44.3%, P= 0.02). •  Both treatments were safe and well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: •  Medical castration reduces TPV and could also improve LUTS in patients with PCa. •  While the short-term efficacy of degarelix and goserelin + bicalutamide was the same in terms of TPV reduction, degarelix showed superiority in LUTS relief in symptomatic patients, which could highlight the different actions of these drugs on extrapituitary gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors in the bladder and/or the prostate.
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  • Tibaek, Sigrid, et al. (författare)
  • Are activity limitations associated with lower urinary tract symptoms in stroke patients? : A cross-sectional, clinical survey
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; , s. 383-389
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To assess self-reported activity limitations in a clinical sample of stroke patients and to identify their association with prevalence, severity and impact on daily life of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Material and methods . A cross-sectional, clinical survey was initiated whereby stroke patients were invited to complete four activity limitations measurements: Barthel Index, mobility velocity, mobility distance, mobility aids and one LUTS measurement: the Danish Prostatic Symptom Score (DAN-PSS-1) questionnaire. Of 519 stroke patients, 482 subjects were eligible. Results . The response rate was 84%. The activity limitations were reported by 17-34% depending on the measurement. Mobility velocity was highly significantly associated (p=0.01) with severity of LUTS. In the LUTS incontinence symptom group, Barthel Index and mobility velocity were significantly associated with prevalence [p=0.03, odds ratio (OR) 2.08 and p=0.05, OR 1.87, respectively]. Barthel Index and mobility distance were also associated with severity (p=0.03 and p=0.04, respectively) and Barthel Index was associated with the prevalence of bother (p=0.02, OR 2.12). Conclusion . This study indicate for the first time that activity limitations are closely related to LUTS in stroke patients and that rehabilitation should also be directed towards the treatment of LUTS.
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9.
  • Tibaek, Sigrid, et al. (författare)
  • Are activity limitations associated with lower urinary tract symptoms in stroke patients? A cross-sectional, clinical survey.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5599. ; 43:5, s. 383-389
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective . To assess self-reported activity limitations in a clinical sample of stroke patients and to identify their association with prevalence, severity and impact on daily life of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Material and methods . A cross-sectional, clinical survey was initiated whereby stroke patients were invited to complete four activity limitations measurements: Barthel Index, mobility velocity, mobility distance, mobility aids and one LUTS measurement: the Danish Prostatic Symptom Score (DAN-PSS-1) questionnaire. Of 519 stroke patients, 482 subjects were eligible. Results . The response rate was 84%. The activity limitations were reported by 17-34% depending on the measurement. Mobility velocity was highly significantly associated (p=0.01) with severity of LUTS. In the LUTS incontinence symptom group, Barthel Index and mobility velocity were significantly associated with prevalence [p=0.03, odds ratio (OR) 2.08 and p=0.05, OR 1.87, respectively]. Barthel Index and mobility distance were also associated with severity (p=0.03 and p=0.04, respectively) and Barthel Index was associated with the prevalence of bother (p=0.02, OR 2.12). Conclusion . This study indicate for the first time that activity limitations are closely related to LUTS in stroke patients and that rehabilitation should also be directed towards the treatment of LUTS.
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10.
  • Tibaek, Sigrid, et al. (författare)
  • Is well-being associated with lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with stroke?
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; 45:2, s. 134-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. This study aimed to assess self-reported well-being in a clinical sample of stroke patients and to identify possible associations with prevalence, severity and bother of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Material and methods. A cross-sectional, clinical survey was initiated whereby stroke patients were invited to complete The WHO-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5) and a LUTS instrument, the Danish Prostatic Symptom Score (DAN-PSS-1) questionnaire. Of 519 stroke patients invited, 482 subjects were eligible and 407 (84%) respondents answered the questionnaires. Results. Poor well-being (sum score < 13) was reported by 22% of all stroke patients, for women 29% and for men 14%. Depression (sum score < 8) was reported by 10%, for women 11% and for men 8%. Poor well-being was significantly (p < 0.01) associated with severity and bother of LUTS. Likewise, poor well-being was significantly (p < 0.001) associated with the prevalence of four different symptom groups of LUTS. Conclusions. The results indicate that poor well-being is present in stroke patients with LUTS, especially in women. Likewise, the data showed significant association between poor well-being and LUTS. Screening for well-being and LUTS in stroke patients is strongly recommended.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 12
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