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Sökning: WFRF:(Klugmann Matthias)

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1.
  • Bilbao, Ainhoa, et al. (författare)
  • Loss of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type IV in dopaminoceptive neurons enhances behavioral effects of cocaine
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - : National Academy of Sciences; 1999. - 0027-8424 .- 1091-6490. ; 105:45, s. 17549-17554
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The persistent nature of addiction has been associated with activity-induced plasticity of neurons within the striatum and nucleus accumbens (NAc). To identify the molecular processes leading to these adaptations, we performed Cre/loxP-mediated genetic ablations of two key regulators of gene expression in response to activity, the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaMKIV) and its postulated main target, the cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB). We found that acute cocaine-induced gene expression in the striatum was largely unaffected by the loss of CaMKIV. On the behavioral level, mice lacking CaMKIV in dopaminoceptive neurons displayed increased sensitivity to cocaine as evidenced by augmented expression of locomotor sensitization and enhanced conditioned place preference and reinstatement after extinction. However, the loss of CREB in the forebrain had no effect on either of these behaviors, even though it robustly blunted acute cocaine-induced transcription. To test the relevance of these observations for addiction in humans, we performed an association study of CAMK4 and CREB promoter polymorphisms with cocaine addiction in a large sample of addicts. We found that a single nucleotide polymorphism in the CAMK4 promoter was significantly associated with cocaine addiction, whereas variations in the CREB promoter regions did not correlate with drug abuse. These findings reveal a critical role for CaMKIV in the development and persistence of cocaine-induced behaviors, through mechanisms dissociated from acute effects on gene expression and CREB-dependent transcription.
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2.
  • Teml, Alexander, et al. (författare)
  • A systematic survey evaluating 6-thioguanine-related hepatotoxicity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift. - 0043-5325 .- 1613-7671. ; 119:17-18, s. 519-526
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Drug-induced liver injury was recently reported as a major complication leading to hepatic nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and 6-thioguanine (6-TG) therapy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of 6-TG-related hepatotoxicity in a large multi-centered IBD population by means of a systematic online survey. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data, imaging techniques (sonography, CT, MRI) and histology of liver biopsies were surveyed in IBD patients treated with 6-TG. The decision on whether liver imaging and/or liver biopsy were performed was exclusively at the discretion of the investigator. RESULTS: 6-TG use was fully documented in 296 patients (median treatment duration 56 weeks, range < 1-207). Laboratory signs of drug-induced liver injury were found in 43 patients (14.5%). Liver imaging revealed pathologic results in 68/176 patients (38.6%). Liver biopsy was performed in a subset of 60 patients, using silver-reticulin staining (n = 59), NRH was considered in 16 patients (27.1%). Age was the only independent, albeit weak, risk factor for development of NRH. CONCLUSION: This large online survey confirms the strong association between 6-TG treatment and the significant risk of development of NRH in patients with IBD. The definitive diagnosis of NRH depends solely upon liver biopsy. © 2007 Springer-Verlag.
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