- Kranendijk, Martijn, et al.
IDH2 Mutations in Patients with D-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria.
Ingår i: Science (New York, N.Y.). - 1095-9203. ; 330:6002
- Heterozygous somatic mutations in the genes encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase- 1 and -2 (IDH1 and IDH2) were recently discovered in human neoplastic disorders. These mutations disable the enzymes' normal ability to convert isocitrate to 2-ketoglutarate (2-KG) and confer on the enzymes a new function: the ability to convert 2-KG to d-2-hydroxyglutarate (D-2-HG). We have detected heterozygous germline mutations in IDH2 that alter enzyme residue R140 in 15 unrelated patients with d-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (D-2-HGA), a rare neurometabolic disorder characterized by supraphysiological levels of D-2-HG. These findings provide additional impetus for investigating the role of D-2-HG in the pathophysiology of metabolic disease and cancer.