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Sökning: WFRF:(Kvale G)

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  • Jia, X. M., et al. (författare)
  • Investigating rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic exonic variation in bipolar disorder
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry. - : Springer Nature. - 1359-4184 .- 1476-5578.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bipolar disorder (BD) is a serious mental illness with substantial common variant heritability. However, the role of rare coding variation in BD is not well established. We examined the protein-coding (exonic) sequences of 3,987 unrelated individuals with BD and 5,322 controls of predominantly European ancestry across four cohorts from the Bipolar Sequencing Consortium (BSC). We assessed the burden of rare, protein-altering, single nucleotide variants classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P-LP) both exome-wide and within several groups of genes with phenotypic or biologic plausibility in BD. While we observed an increased burden of rare coding P-LP variants within 165 genes identified as BD GWAS regions in 3,987 BD cases (meta-analysis OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.3-2.8, one-sided p = 6.0 x 10(-4)), this enrichment did not replicate in an additional 9,929 BD cases and 14,018 controls (OR = 0.9, one-side p = 0.70). Although BD shares common variant heritability with schizophrenia, in the BSC sample we did not observe a significant enrichment of P-LP variants in SCZ GWAS genes, in two classes of neuronal synaptic genes (RBFOX2 and FMRP) associated with SCZ or in loss-of-function intolerant genes. In this study, the largest analysis of exonic variation in BD, individuals with BD do not carry a replicable enrichment of rare P-LP variants across the exome or in any of several groups of genes with biologic plausibility. Moreover, despite a strong shared susceptibility between BD and SCZ through common genetic variation, we do not observe an association between BD risk and rare P-LP coding variants in genes known to modulate risk for SCZ.
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  • Glimelius, B, et al. (författare)
  • Improved care of patients with small cell lung cancer. Nutritional and quality of life aspects.
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 31:8, s. 823-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A comprehensive cancer care project was carried out in Uppsala with the aim of improving the overall situation for patients treated with intensive chemotherapy with curative intent. This report gives the results in 58 patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC), focusing on the nutritional aspects of the care and chemotherapy-related adverse effects. Responses, survival and simple nutritional parameters were compared with a historical control group (n = 81), and quality-of-life parameters with a pre-project group (n = 22). Groups were comparable with respect to pre-treatment characteristics. In contrast to the historical control group, weight, body mass index and S-albumin did not decrease during treatment in patients diagnosed during the project period. Yet, food intake in the study group was low, and for most patients below what is recommended. Survival, proportion of responses and response duration did not differ from those of the control group. Compared with the pre-project quality-of-life controls, a number of scores were more favourable for study patients (n = 36) interviewed in association with the 8th treatment course by a Swedish version of the Cancer Inventory of Problem Situations (CIPS). The global score was lower in the study group than in the pre-project group (0.80 vs 1.20, p < 0.001). Significant differences in a favourable direction were also seen in several higher order factors and miscellaneous subscales constituting the CIPS. On individual items, the study group expressed less problems with appetite/food taste in hospital, nervousness before chemotherapy and worry about adverse effects. The greatest differences in positive direction for the study group were seen within areas where the project focused on caring activities. We therefore conclude that a cancer care project with the present goals and means of intervention can improve the quality of life in patients with SCLC treated with intensive chemotherapy.
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  • Haug, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Stepped care versus face-to–face cognitive behavior therapy for panic disorder and social anxiety disorder : Predictors and moderators of outcome
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Behaviour Research and Therapy. - : Elsevier. - 0005-7967 .- 1873-622X. ; 71, s. 76-89
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To investigate predictors and moderators of treatment outcome by comparing immediate face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy (FtF-CBT) to a Stepped Care treatment model comprising three steps: Psychoeducation, Internet-delivered CBT, and FtF-CBT for panic disorder (PD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD).Method: Patients (N = 173) were recruited from nine public mental health out-patient clinics and randomized to immediate FtF-CBT or Stepped Care treatment. Characteristics related to social functioning, impairment from the anxiety disorder, and comorbidity was investigated as predictors and moderators by treatment format and diagnosis in multiple regression analyses.Results: Lower social functioning, higher impairment from the anxiety disorder, and a comorbidcluster C personality disorder were associated with significantly less improvement, particularly among patients with PD. Furthermore, having a comorbid anxiety disorder was associated with a better treatment outcome among patients with PD but not patients with SAD. Patients with a comorbid depression had similar outcomes from the different treatments, but patients without comorbid depression had better outcomes from immediate FtF-CBT compared to guided self-help.Conclusions: In general, the same patient characteristics appear to be associated with the treatment outcome for CBT provided in low- and high-intensity formats when treated in public mental health care clinics. The findings suggest that patients with lower social functioning and higher impairment from their anxiety disorder benefit less from these treatments and may require more adapted and extensive treatment.ClinicalTrials.govIdentifier: NCT00619138.
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  • Nordgreen, Tine, et al. (författare)
  • Stepped Care Versus Direct Face-to-Face Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder : A Randomized Effectiveness Trial
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Behavior Therapy. - : Elsevier. - 0005-7894 .- 1878-1888. ; 47:2, s. 166-183
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT) stepped care model (psychoeducation, guided Internet treatment, and face-to-face CBT) compared with direct face-to-face (FtF) CBT. Patients with panic disorder or social anxiety disorder were randomized to either stepped care (n = 85) or direct FtF CBT (n = 88). Recovery was defined as meeting two of the following three criteria: loss of diagnosis, below cut-off for self-reported symptoms, and functional improvement. No significant differences in intention-to-treat recovery rates were identified between stepped care (40.0%) and direct FtF CBT (43.2%). The majority of the patients who recovered in the stepped care did so at the less therapist-demanding steps (26/34, 76.5%). Moderate to large within-groups effect sizes were identified at posttreatment and 1-year follow-up. The attrition rates were high: 41.2% in the stepped care condition and 27.3% in the direct FtF CBT condition. These findings indicate that the outcome of a stepped care model for anxiety disorders is comparable to that of direct FtF CBT. The rates of improvement at the two less therapist-demanding steps indicate that stepped care models might be useful for increasing patients’ access to evidence-based psychological treatments for anxiety disorders. However, attrition in the stepped care condition was high, and research regarding the factors that can improve adherence should be prioritized.
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