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  • Faraci, M., et al. (författare)
  • Gonadal Function after Busulfan Compared with Treosulfan in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. - 1083-8791. ; 25:9, s. 1786-1791
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gonadal impairment is an important late effect with a significant impact on quality of life of transplanted patients. The aim of this study was to compare gonadal function after busulfan (Bu) or treosulfan (Treo) conditioning regimens in pre- and postpubertal children. This retrospective, multicenter study included children transplanted in pediatric European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) centers between 1992 and 2012 who did not receive gonadotoxic chemoradiotherapy before the transplant. We evaluated 137 patients transplanted in 25 pediatric EBMT centers. Median age at transplant was 11.04 years (range, 5 to 18); 89 patients were boys and 48 girls. Eighty-nine patients were prepubertal at transplant and 48 postpubertal. One hundred eighteen children received Bu and 19 Treo. A higher proportion of girls treated with Treo in the prepubertal stage reached spontaneous puberty compared with those treated with Bu (P = .02). Spontaneous menarche was more frequent after Treo than after Bu (P < .001). Postpubertal boys and girls treated with Treo had significantly lower luteinizing hormone levels (P = .03 and P = .04, respectively) compared with the Bu group. Frequency of gonadal damage associated with Treo was significantly lower than that observed after Bu. These results need to be confirmed in a larger population. © 2019
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  • Spyridonidis, A., et al. (författare)
  • Outcomes and prognostic factors of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. An analysis on behalf of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of EBMT
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-5551. ; 26:6, s. 1211-1217
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To describe outcomes, treatment and prognostic factors that influence survival of adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), who relapsed after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), we retrospectively analyzed 465 ALL adult patients from European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) centers who relapsed after a first HCT performed in complete remission (CR1 65%, CR2/3 35%). Salvage treatments were: supportive care (13%), cytoreductive therapy (43%), donor lymphocyte infusion without or with prior chemotherapy (23%) and second HCT (20%). Median time from HCT to relapse was 6.9 months, median follow-up was 46 months and median survival after relapse was 5.5 months. Estimated 1-, 2- and 5-year post-relapse survival was 30 +/- 2%, 16 +/- 2% and 8 +/- 1%, respectively. In a multivariate analysis, adverse factors for survival were: late CR (CR2/3) at transplant (P<0.012), early relapse after transplant (<6.9 months, P <0.0001) and peripheral blast percent at relapse (P <0.0001). On the basis of multivariate model for survival, three groups of patients were identified with estimated 2 year survival of 6 +/- 2, 17 +/- 3 and 30 +/- 7%. Outcome of ALL patients relapsing after HCT is dismal and there is a need for new therapies. Our study provides the standard expectations in ALL relapse and may help in the decision of post-relapse therapy.
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