- Hellberg, D, et al.
Kinetics of liposome adhesion on a mercury electrode
Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B. - 1520-6106 .- 1520-5207. ; 109, s. 14715-14726
- The adhesion of liposomes on a mercury electrode leads to capacitive signals due to the formation of islands of lecithin monolayers. Integration of the current-time transients gives charge-time transients that can be fitted by the empirical equation Q(t) = Q(0) + Q(1)(1 - exp(-t/tau(1))) + Q(2)(1 - exp(-t/tau(2))), where the first term on the right side is caused by the docking of the liposome on the mercury surface, the second term is caused by the opening of the liposome, and the third term is caused by the spreading of the lecithin island on the mercury surface. The temperature dependence of the two time constants tau(1) and tau(2) and the temperature dependence of the overall adhesion rate allow determination of the activation energies of the opening, the spreading, and the overall adhesion process both for gel-phase 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) and for liquid-crystalline-phase DMPC liposomes. In all cases, the spreading is the rate-determining process. Negative apparent activation energies for the spreading and overall adhesion process of liquid-crystalline-phase DMPC liposomes can be explained by taking into account the weak adsorption equilibria of the intact liposomes and the opened but not yet spread liposomes. A formal kinetic analysis of the reaction scheme supports the empirical equation used for fitting the charge-time transients. The developed kinetic model of liposome adhesion on mercury is similar to kinetic models published earlier to describe the fusion of liposomes. The new approach can be used to probe the stability of liposome membranes.