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Sökning: WFRF:(Lubberink M)

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  • Bouyoucef, S E, et al. (författare)
  • Poster Session 2 : Monday 4 May 2015, 08
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 2047-2404 .- 2047-2412. ; 16 Suppl 1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • van Assema, Danielle M. E., et al. (författare)
  • Blood-brain barrier P-glycoprotein function in Alzheimer's disease
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Brain. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0006-8950 .- 1460-2156. ; 135, s. 181-189
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A major pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease is accumulation of amyloid-beta in senile plaques in the brain. Evidence is accumulating that decreased clearance of amyloid-beta from the brain may lead to these elevated amyloid-beta levels. One of the clearance pathways of amyloid-beta is transport across the blood-brain barrier via efflux transporters. P-glycoprotein, an efflux pump highly expressed at the endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier, has been shown to transport amyloid-beta. P-glycoprotein function can be assessed in vivo using (R)-[C-11]verapamil and positron emission tomography. The aim of this study was to assess blood-brain barrier P-glycoprotein function in patients with Alzheimer's disease compared with age-matched healthy controls using (R)-[C-11]verapamil and positron emission tomography. In 13 patients with Alzheimer's disease (age 65 +/- 7 years, Mini-Mental State Examination 23 +/- 3), global (R)-[C-11]verapamil binding potential values were increased significantly (P = 0.001) compared with 14 healthy controls (aged 62 +/- 4 years, Mini-Mental State Examination 30 +/- 1). Global (R)-[C-11]verapamil binding potential values were 2.18 +/- 0.25 for patients with Alzheimer's disease and 1.77 +/- 0.41 for healthy controls. In patients with Alzheimer's disease, higher (R)-[C-11]verapamil binding potential values were found for frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital cortices, and posterior and anterior cingulate. No significant differences between groups were found for medial temporal lobe and cerebellum. These data show altered kinetics of (R)-[C-11]verapamil in Alzheimer's disease, similar to alterations seen in studies where P-glycoprotein is blocked by a pharmacological agent. As such, these data indicate that P-glycoprotein function is decreased in patients with Alzheimer's disease. This is the first direct evidence that the P-glycoprotein transporter at the blood-brain barrier is compromised in sporadic Alzheimer's disease and suggests that decreased P-glycoprotein function may be involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.
  • van Assema, Danielle M. E., et al. (författare)
  • No evidence for additional blood-brain barrier P-glycoprotein dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease patients with microbleeds
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. - : SAGE Publications. - 0271-678X .- 1559-7016. ; 32:8, s. 1468-1471
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Decreased blood-brain barrier P-glycoprotein (Pgp) function has been shown in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients using positron emission tomography (PET) with the radiotracer (R)-[C-11] verapamil. Decreased Pgp function has also been hypothesized to promote cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) development. Here, we used PET and (R)-[C-11] verapamil to assess Pgp function in eighteen AD patients, of which six had microbleeds (MBs), presumably reflecting underlying CAA. No differences were found in binding potential and nonspecific volume of distribution of (R)-[C-11] verapamil between patient groups. These results provide no evidence for additional Pgp dysfunction in AD patients with MBs.
  • van der Veldt, Astrid A. M., et al. (författare)
  • Rapid Decrease in Delivery of Chemotherapy to Tumors after Anti-VEGF Therapy : Implications for Scheduling of Anti-Angiogenic Drugs
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Cancer Cell. - : Elsevier BV. - 1535-6108 .- 1878-3686. ; 21:1, s. 82-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Current strategies combining anti-angiogenic drugs with chemotherapy provide clinical benefit in cancer patients. It is assumed that anti-angiogenic drugs, such as bevacizumab, transiently normalize abnormal tumor vasculature and contribute to improved delivery of subsequent chemotherapy. To investigate this concept, a study was performed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients using positron emission tomography (PET) and radiolabeled docetaxel ([11C]docetaxel). In NSCLC, bevacizumab reduced both perfusion and net influx rate of [11C]docetaxel within 5 hr. These effects persisted after 4 days. The clinical relevance of these findings is notable, as there was no evidence for a substantial improvement in drug delivery to tumors. These findings highlight the importance of drug scheduling and advocate further studies to optimize scheduling of anti-angiogenic drugs.
  • Bahce, Idris, et al. (författare)
  • Development of [11C]erlotinib Positron Emission Tomography for In Vivo Evaluation of EGF Receptor Mutational Status
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 19:1, s. 183-193
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To evaluate whether, in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), tumor uptake of [(11)C]erlotinib can be quantified and imaged using positron emission tomography and to assess whether the level of tracer uptake corresponds with the presence of activating tumor EGF receptor (EGFR) mutations.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Ten patients with NSCLCs, five with an EGFR exon 19 deletion, and five without were scanned twice (test retest) on the same day with an interval of at least 4 hours. Each scanning procedure included a low-dose computed tomographic scan, a 10-minute dynamic [(15)O]H(2)O scan, and a 1-hour dynamic [(11)C]erlotinib scan. Data were analyzed using full tracer kinetic modeling. EGFR expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: The quantitative measure of [(11)C]erlotinib uptake, that is, volume of distribution (V(T)), was significantly higher in tumors with activating mutations, that is, all with exon 19 deletions (median V(T), 1.76; range, 1.25-2.93), than in those without activating mutations (median V(T), 1.06; range, 0.67-1.22) for both test and retest data (P = 0.014 and P = 0.009, respectively). Good reproducibility of [(11)C]erlotinib V(T) was seen (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.88). Intergroup differences in [(11)C]erlotinib uptake were not correlated with EGFR expression levels, nor tumor blood flow.CONCLUSION: [(11)C]erlotinib V(T) was significantly higher in NSCLCs tumors with EGFR exon 19 deletions.
  • Danad, I., et al. (författare)
  • Hybrid imaging using quantitative H2 15O PET and CT-based coronary angiography for the detection of coronary artery disease
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. - : Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505 .- 1535-5667 .- 2159-662X. ; 54:1, s. 55-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hybrid imaging using PET in conjunction with CT-based coronary angiography (PET/CTCA) enables near-simultaneous quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and anatomical evaluation of coronary arteries. CTCA is an excellent imaging modality to rule out obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), but functional assessment is warranted in the presence of a CTCA-observed stenosis because the specificity of CTCA is relatively low. Quantitative H 2 15O PET/CTCA may yield complementary information and enhance diagnostic accuracy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative H2 15O PET/CTCA in a clinical cohort of patients with suspected CAD who underwent both cardiac H 2 15O PET/CTCA and invasive coronary angiography (ICA). In addition, this study aimed to evaluate and compare the accuracy of hyperemic MBF versus coronary flow reserve (CFR). Methods: Patients (n = 120; mean age ± SD, 61 ± 10 y; 77 men and 43 women) with a predominantly intermediate pretest likelihood for CAD underwent both quantitative H 2 15O PET/CTCA and ICA. A ≥50% stenosis at ICA or a fractional flow reserve ≤ 0.80 was considered significant. Results: Obstructive CAD was diagnosed in 49 of 120 patients (41%). The diagnostic accuracy of hyperemic MBF was significantly higher than CFR (80% vs. 68%, respectively, P = 0.02), with optimal cutoff values of 1.86 mL/min/g and 2.30, respectively. On a per-patient basis, the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of CTCA were 100%, 34%, 100%, and 51%, respectively, as compared with 76%, 83%, 83%, and 76%, respectively, for quantitative hyperemic MBF PET. Quantitative H2 15O PET/CTCA reduced the number of false-positive CTCA studies from 47 to 6, although 12 of 49 true-positive CTCAs were incorrectly reclassified as false-negative hybrid scans on the basis of (presumably) sufficient hyperemic MBF. Compared with CTCA (61%) or H2 15O PET (80%) alone (both P < 0.05), the hybrid approach significantly improved diagnostic accuracy (85%). Conclusion: The diagnostic accuracy of quantitative H 2 15O PET/CTCA is superior to either H2 15O PET or CTCA alone for the detection of clinically significant CAD. Hyperemic MBF was more accurate than CFR, implying that a single measurement of MBF in diagnostic protocols may suffice.
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