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Sökning: WFRF:(Lundberg Lars Dr.)

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1.
  • Andersson, Sten-Ove, 1953- (författare)
  • Militär akutsjukvård i fält : när den övade verkligheten blir verklig
  • 2014
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Aims: Governing for the Armed Forces health care is respect for human dignity and the view of each individual as irreplaceable. The quality of the military care will be at a level equivalent to that of today's civil peace healthcare, which requires that the training is of high quality. Casualty care in the military environment is a complex, challenging and dangerous task. Today there is a lack of knowledge about how to learn these skills. The purpose of the research was to identify the knowledge area pre-hospital care in the military environment by examining what doctors, nurses, paramedics and officers learn about military health care during preparation and exercise.Method: A phenomenographic approach was used in all sub-studies, and empirical data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews. Study I‐III are cross-sectional studies and study IV is a longitudinal study. Twelve registered nurses who had served in Bosnia were interviewed for study I, and 24 conscript paramedics were interviewed for study II. Study III included 20 officers in their pre-deployment training for service in Afghanistan and Liberia, and Study IV included 7 doctors and twenty nurses who previously had served in Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo and Liberia.Results: Learning military health care by training and gaining experience can be seen as different abilities; interaction, action and reflection. In-depth analysis at a meta--‐level revealed that the integration between the military and military medical fields of knowledge was missing. The results indicate that participants' understanding of their respective fields of knowledge is inadequate and needs to be integrated in education in a clearer way.Implications: To create opportunities for better education and integration in these fields of knowledge are proposed (1) that the findings of the thesis could be utilised to develop the design of the curriculum (2) the inter-professional learning is introduced as a part of creating a safer and more effective pre-hospital care, (3) the clinical competence becomes part of the development of pre-hospital emergency care in the field, and (4) that the training is built according to the principle of "train as you fight" with emphasis on the requirements in the combat zone.
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2.
  • Josyula, Sai Prashanth, 1992- (författare)
  • Parallel algorithms for real-time railway rescheduling
  • 2019
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In railway traffic systems, it is essential to achieve a high punctuality to satisfy the goals of the involved stakeholders. Thus, whenever disturbances occur, it is important to effectively reschedule trains while considering the perspectives of various stakeholders. The train rescheduling problem is a complex task to solve, both from a practical and a computational perspective. From the latter perspective, a reason for the complexity is that the rescheduling solution(s) of interest may be dispersed across a large solution space. This space needs to be navigated fast while avoiding portions leading to undesirable solutions and exploring portions leading to potentially desirable solutions. The use of parallel computing enables such a fast navigation of the search tree. Though competitive algorithmic approaches for train rescheduling are a widespread topic of research, limited research has been conducted to explore the opportunities and challenges in parallelizing them.This thesis presents research studies on how trains can be effectively rescheduled while considering the perspectives of passengers along with that of other stakeholders. Parallel computing is employed, with the aim of advancing knowledge about parallel algorithms for solving the problem under consideration.The presented research contributes with parallel algorithms that reschedule a train timetable during disturbances and studies the incorporation of passenger perspectives during rescheduling. Results show that the use of parallel algorithms for train rescheduling improves the speed of solution space navigation and the quality of the obtained solution(s) within the computational time limit.This thesis consists of an introduction and overview of the work, followed by four research papers which present: (1) A literature review of studies that propose and apply computational support for train rescheduling with a passenger-oriented objective; (2) A parallel heuristic algorithm to solve the train rescheduling problem on a multi-core parallel architecture; (3) A conflict detection module for train rescheduling, which performs its computations on a graphics processing unit; and (4) A redesigned parallel algorithm that considers multiple objectives while rescheduling.
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3.
  • Schildt, Maria, 1966- (författare)
  • Gustav Düben at Work : Musical Repertory and Practice of Swedish Court Musicians, 1663-1690
  • 2014
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This dissertation is concerned with musical transfer in seventeenth-century northern Europe, and in particular the repertory and the musical practice of the musicians of the Swedish royal court during the period of the tenure of Gustav Düben as court chapel master (1663–1690). The starting point of and the precondition for the study is provided by the extensive musical collection, the Düben Collection, held by Uppsala University library: the remnants of the music library of the Düben family of whom four were Swedish court chapel masters. The collection has not previously been considered systematically in its entirety and the present study has answered many questions in areas such as establishing the function of the music as the repertory of the court musicians, the connection with the German Church in Stockholm and the identification of many of the anonymous sources and of concordances outside the collection. The extant music has been identified as belonging to specific areas of repertory, for example music for weddings, funerals and secular courtly divertissements. The study considers the different aspects of response to cultural transfer,  above all the processes of the adaption of the music to the local context, and two forms of adaptation are specifically considered, the alteration of the texts and the modification of the scoring. Finally, the extant music composed by Gustav Düben has been narrowed down and is discussed with a special focus on borrowing and the practice of imitatio.
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