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1.
  • 2017
  • swepub:Mat__t
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  • Busweiler, L A D, et al. (författare)
  • International benchmarking in oesophageal and gastric cancer surgery
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: BJS Open. - : Wiley. - 2474-9842. ; 3:1, s. 62-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Benchmarking on an international level might lead to improved outcomes at a national level. The aim of this study was to compare treatment and surgical outcome data from the Swedish National Register for Oesophageal and Gastric Cancer (NREV) and the Dutch Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer Audit (DUCA).Methods: All patients with primary oesophageal or gastric cancer who underwent a resection and were registered in NREV or DUCA between 2012 and 2014 were included. Differences in 30-day mortality were analysed using case mix-adjusted multivariable logistic regression.Results: In total, 4439 patients underwent oesophagectomy (2509 patients) or gastrectomy (1930 patients). Estimated resection rates were comparable. Swedish patients were older but had less advanced disease and less co-morbidity than Dutch patients. Neoadjuvant treatment rates were lower in Sweden than in the Netherlands, both for patients who underwent oesophagectomy (68·6 versus 90·0 per cent respectively; P < 0·001) and for those having gastrectomy (38·3 versus 56·6 per cent; P < 0·001). In Sweden, transthoracic oesophagectomy was performed in 94·7 per cent of patients, whereas in the Netherlands, a transhiatal approach was undertaken in 35·8 per cent. Higher annual procedural volumes per hospital were observed in the Netherlands. Adjusted 30-day and/or in-hospital mortality after gastrectomy was statistically significantly lower in Sweden than in the Netherlands (odds ratio 0·53, 95 per cent c.i. 0·29 to 0·95).Conclusion: For oesophageal and gastric cancer, there are differences in patient, tumour and treatment characteristics between Sweden and the Netherlands. Postoperative mortality in patients with gastric cancer was lower in Sweden.
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5.
  • Edebo, Anders, 1968, et al. (författare)
  • Circumferential and axial distribution of esophageal mucosal damage in reflux disease.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus / I.S.D.E. - 1120-8694. ; 20:3, s. 232-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to evaluate the axial and radial distribution of histological markers including hyperplasia of the basal cell layer, elongation of the papillae and dilatation of the intercellular spaces of the squamous epithelium in patients with nonerosive reflux disease compared to controls and to relate this to the macroscopic topography in erosive reflux disease. Two different study populations were included in this report. Endoscopic esophageal biopsies were taken from 21 healthy control subjects and 21 nonerosive reflux disease patients before and after 4 weeks of esomeprazole therapy. Endoscopic still images from 50 erosive reflux disease patients were reviewed for the radial orientation of LA grade A and/or B esophagitis (Los Angeles criteria for grading of reflux esophagitis). The 3 o'clock position of the squamocolumnar junction showed significantly thicker basal cell layer (P=0.011) and more intercellular space dilatation (P=0.01) in nonerosive reflux disease patients compared to the 9 o'clock position. Only a significant difference in dilatation of the intercellular spaces (P=0.018) between nonerosive reflux disease patients and controls were observed in the 3 o'clock region at the squamocolumnar junction, whereas 1-2 cm orally, all three histological criteria differed significantly (P
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6.
  • Kumagai, K., et al. (författare)
  • Survival benefit and additional value of preoperative chemoradiotherapy in resectable gastric and gastro-oesophageal junction cancer : A direct and adjusted indirect comparison meta-analysis
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. - 0748-7983 .- 1532-2157. ; 41:3, s. 282-294
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several phase I/II studies of chemoradiotherapy for gastric cancer have reported promising results, but the significance of preoperative radiotherapy in addition to chemotherapy has not been proven. In this study, a systematic literature search was performed to capture survival and postoperative morbidity and mortality data in randomised clinical studies comparing preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy or chemotherapy versus surgery alone, or preoperative chemoradiotherapy versus chemotherapy for gastric and/or gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) cancer. Hazard ratios (HRs) for overall mortality were extracted from the original studies, individual patient data provided from the principal investigators of eligible studies or the earlier published meta-analysis. The incidences of postoperative morbidities and mortalities were also analysed. In total 18 studies were eligible and data were available from 14 of these. The meta-analysis on overall survival yielded HRs of 0.75 (95% CI 0.65-0.86, P < 0.001) for preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy and 0.83 (95% CI 0.67-1.01, P = 0.065) for preoperative chemotherapy when compared to surgery alone. Direct comparison between preoperative chemoradiotherapy and chemotherapy resulted in an HR of 0.71 (95% CI 0.45-1.12, P = 0.146). Combination of direct and adjusted indirect comparisons yielded an HR of 0.86 (95% CI 0.69-1.07, P = 0.171). No statistically significant differences were seen in the risk for postoperative morbidity or mortality between preoperative treatments and surgery alone, or preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy for gastric and GOJ cancer showed significant survival benefit over surgery alone. In comparisons between preoperative chemotherapy and (chemo)radiotherapy, there is a trend towards improved survival when adding radiotherapy, without increased postoperative morbidity or mortality.
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  • Randler, C., et al. (författare)
  • Animal welfare attitudes : Effects of gender and diet in university samples from 22 countries
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Animals. - : MDPI AG. - 2076-2615 .- 2076-2615. ; 11:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Animal Welfare Attitudes (AWA) are defined as human attitudes towards the welfare of animals in different dimensions and settings. Demographic factors, such as age and gender are associated with AWA. The aim of this study was to assess gender differences among university students in a large convenience sample from twenty-two nations in AWA. A total of 7914 people participated in the study (5155 women, 2711 men, 48 diverse). Participants completed a questionnaire that collected demographic data, typical diet and responses to the Composite Respect for Animals Scale Short version (CRAS-S). In addition, we used a measure of gender empowerment from the Human Development Report. The largest variance in AWA was explained by diet, followed by country and gender. In terms of diet, 6385 participants reported to be omnivores, 296 as pescatarian, 637 ate a vegetarian diet and 434 were vegans (n = 162 without answer). Diet was related with CRAS-S scores; people with a vegan diet scored higher in AWA than omnivores. Women scored significantly higher on AWA than men. Furthermore, gender differences in AWA increased as gender inequality decreased. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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10.
  • Budeus, B., et al. (författare)
  • Human cord blood b cells differ from the adult counterpart by conserved ig repertoires and accelerated response dynamics
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Immunology. - 0022-1767. ; 206:12, s. 2839-2851
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neonatal and infant immune responses are characterized by a limited capability to generate protective Ab titers and memory B cells as seen in adults. Multiple studies support an immature or even impaired character of umbilical cord blood (UCB) B cells themselves. In this study, we provide a comprehensive molecular and functional comparison of B cell subsets from UCB and adult peripheral blood. Most UCB B cells have a mature, naive B cell phenotype as seen in adults. The UCB Ig repertoire is highly variable but interindividually conserved, as BCR clonotypes are frequently shared between neonates. Furthermore, UCB B cells show a distinct transcriptional program that confers accelerated responsiveness to stimulation and facilitated IgA class switching. Stimulation drives extensive differentiation into Ab-secreting cells, presumably limiting memory B cell formation. Humanized mice suggest that the distinctness of UCB versus adult B cells is already reflected by the developmental program of hematopoietic precursors, arguing for a layered B-1/B-2 lineage system as in mice, albeit our findings suggest only partial comparability to murine B-1 cells. Our study shows that UCB B cells are not immature or impaired but differ from their adult mature counterpart in a conserved BCR repertoire, efficient IgA class switching, and accelerated, likely transient response dynamics. © 2021 by TheAmericanAssociation of Immunologists, Inc.
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