SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Mace Georgina) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Mace Georgina)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
  • [1]2Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Hudson, Lawrence N., et al. (författare)
  • The database of the PREDICTS (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems) project
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Ecology and Evolution. - : Wiley Open Access. - 2045-7758 .- 2045-7758. ; 7:1, s. 145-188
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The PREDICTS project-Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems (www.predicts.org.uk)-has collated from published studies a large, reasonably representative database of comparable samples of biodiversity from multiple sites that differ in the nature or intensity of human impacts relating to land use. We have used this evidence base to develop global and regional statistical models of how local biodiversity responds to these measures. We describe and make freely available this 2016 release of the database, containing more than 3.2 million records sampled at over 26,000 locations and representing over 47,000 species. We outline how the database can help in answering a range of questions in ecology and conservation biology. To our knowledge, this is the largest and most geographically and taxonomically representative database of spatial comparisons of biodiversity that has been collated to date; it will be useful to researchers and international efforts wishing to model and understand the global status of biodiversity.
  •  
2.
  • Hudson, Lawrence N., et al. (författare)
  • The PREDICTS database : a global database of how local terrestrial biodiversity responds to human impacts
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Ecology and Evolution. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 2045-7758 .- 2045-7758. ; 4:24, s. 4701-4735
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species' threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeographic extents, and that support computation of a range of biodiversity indicators, is necessary to enable better understanding of historical declines and to project - and avert - future declines. We describe and assess a new database of more than 1.6 million samples from 78 countries representing over 28,000 species, collated from existing spatial comparisons of local-scale biodiversity exposed to different intensities and types of anthropogenic pressures, from terrestrial sites around the world. The database contains measurements taken in 208 (of 814) ecoregions, 13 (of 14) biomes, 25 (of 35) biodiversity hotspots and 16 (of 17) megadiverse countries. The database contains more than 1% of the total number of all species described, and more than 1% of the described species within many taxonomic groups - including flowering plants, gymnosperms, birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, beetles, lepidopterans and hymenopterans. The dataset, which is still being added to, is therefore already considerably larger and more representative than those used by previous quantitative models of biodiversity trends and responses. The database is being assembled as part of the PREDICTS project (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems - ). We make site-level summary data available alongside this article. The full database will be publicly available in 2015.
  •  
3.
  • Diaz, Sandra, et al. (författare)
  • The IPBES Conceptual Framework - connecting nature and people
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. - 1877-3435 .- 1877-3443. ; 14, s. 1-16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first public product of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is its Conceptual Framework. This conceptual and analytical tool, presented here in detail, will underpin all IPBES functions and provide structure and comparability to the syntheses that IPBES will produce at different spatial scales, on different themes, and in different regions. Salient innovative aspects of the IPBES Conceptual Framework are its transparent and participatory construction process and its explicit consideration of diverse scientific disciplines, stakeholders, and knowledge systems, including indigenous and local knowledge. Because the focus on co-construction of integrative knowledge is shared by an increasing number of initiatives worldwide, this framework should be useful beyond IPBES, for the wider research and knowledge-policy communities working on the links between nature and people, such as natural, social and engineering scientists, policy-makers at different levels, and decision-makers in different sectors of society.
  •  
4.
  •  
5.
  • Larigauderie, Anne, et al. (författare)
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem services science for a sustainable planet : the DIVERSITAS vision for 2012-20
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. - 1877-3435 .- 1877-3443. ; 4:1, s. 101-105
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • DIVERSITAS, the international programme on biodiversity science, is releasing a strategic vision presenting scientific challenges for the next decade of research on biodiversity and ecosystem services: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Science for a Sustainable Planet. This new vision is a response of the biodiversity and ecosystem services scientific community to the accelerating loss of the components of biodiversity, as well as to changes in the biodiversity science-policy landscape (establishment of a Biodiversity Observing Network - GEO BON, of an Intergovernmental science-policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services - IPBES, of the new Future Earth initiative; and release of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020). This article presents the vision and its core scientific challenges.
  •  
6.
  • Leclere, David, et al. (författare)
  • Bending the curve of terrestrial biodiversity needs an integrated strategy
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 585:7826, s. 551-556
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Increased efforts are required to prevent further losses to terrestrial biodiversity and the ecosystem services that it provides(1,2). Ambitious targets have been proposed, such as reversing the declining trends in biodiversity(3); however, just feeding the growing human population will make this a challenge(4). Here we use an ensemble of land-use and biodiversity models to assess whether-and how-humanity can reverse the declines in terrestrial biodiversity caused by habitat conversion, which is a major threat to biodiversity(5). We show that immediate efforts, consistent with the broader sustainability agenda but of unprecedented ambition and coordination, could enable the provision of food for the growing human population while reversing the global terrestrial biodiversity trends caused by habitat conversion. If we decide to increase the extent of land under conservation management, restore degraded land and generalize landscape-level conservation planning, biodiversity trends from habitat conversion could become positive by the mid-twenty-first century on average across models (confidence interval, 2042-2061), but this was not the case for all models. Food prices could increase and, on average across models, almost half (confidence interval, 34-50%) of the future biodiversity losses could not be avoided. However, additionally tackling the drivers of land-use change could avoid conflict with affordable food provision and reduces the environmental effects of the food-provision system. Through further sustainable intensification and trade, reduced food waste and more plant-based human diets, more than two thirds of future biodiversity losses are avoided and the biodiversity trends from habitat conversion are reversed by 2050 for almost all of the models. Although limiting further loss will remain challenging in several biodiversity-rich regions, and other threats-such as climate change-must be addressed to truly reverse the declines in biodiversity, our results show that ambitious conservation efforts and food system transformation are central to an effective post-2020 biodiversity strategy. To promote the recovery of the currently declining global trends in terrestrial biodiversity, increases in both the extent of land under conservation management and the sustainability of the global food system from farm to fork are required.
  •  
7.
  • Mace, Georgina M., et al. (författare)
  • Approaches to defining a planetary boundary for biodiversity
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Global Environmental Change. - 0959-3780 .- 1872-9495. ; 28, s. 289-297
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The idea that there is an identifiable set of boundaries, beyond which anthropogenic change will put the Earth system outside a safe operating space for humanity, is attracting interest in the scientific community and gaining support in the environmental policy world. Rockstrom et al. (2009) identify nine such boundaries and highlight biodiversity loss as being the single boundary where current rates of extinction put the Earth system furthest outside the safe operating space. Here we review the evidence to support a boundary based on extinction rates and identify weaknesses with this metric and its bearing on humanity's needs. While changes to biodiversity are of undisputed importance, we show that both extinction rate and species richness are weak metrics for this purpose, and they do not scale well from local to regional or global levels. We develop alternative approaches to determine biodiversity loss boundaries and extend our analysis to consider large-scale responses in the Earth system that could affect its suitability for complex human societies which in turn are mediated by the biosphere. We suggest three facets of biodiversity on which a boundary could be based: the genetic library of life; functional type diversity; and biome condition and extent. For each of these we explore the science needed to indicate how it might be measured and how changes would affect human societies. In addition to these three facets, we show how biodiversity's role in supporting a safe operating space for humanity may lie primarily in its interactions with other boundaries, suggesting an immediate area of focus for scientists and policymakers.
  •  
8.
  • Oliver, Tom H, et al. (författare)
  • Overcoming undesirable resilience in the global food system
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Global Sustainability. - : Cambridge University Press. - 2059-4798. ; 1:e9, s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Our current global food system – from food production to consumption, including manufacture, packaging, transport, retail and associated businesses – is responsible for extensive negative social and environmental impacts which threaten the long-term well-being of society. This has led to increasing calls from science–policy organizations for major reform and transformation of the global food system. However, our knowledge regarding food system transformations is fragmented and this is hindering the development of co-ordinated solutions. Here, we collate recent research across several academic disciplines and sectors in order to better understand the mechanisms that ‘lock-in’ food systems in unsustainable states.
  •  
9.
  • Pascual, Unai, et al. (författare)
  • Off-stage ecosystem service burdens : A blind spot for global sustainability
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters. - 1748-9326 .- 1748-9326. ; 12:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The connected nature of social-ecological systems has never been more apparent than in today's globalized world. The ecosystem service framework and associated ecosystem assessments aim to better inform the science-policy response to sustainability challenges. Such assessments, however, often overlook distant, diffuse and delayed impacts that are critical for global sustainability. Ecosystem-services science must better recognise the off-stage impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services of place-based ecosystem management, which we term 'ecosystem service burdens'. These are particularly important since they are often negative, and have a potentially significant effect on ecosystem management decisions. Ecosystem-services research can better recognise these off-stage burdens through integration with other analytical approaches, such as life cycle analysis and risk-based approaches that better account for the uncertainties involved. We argue that off-stage ecosystem service burdens should be incorporated in ecosystem assessments such as those led by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Taking better account of these off-stage burdens is essential to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of cross-scale interactions, a prerequisite for any sustainability transition.
  •  
10.
  • Pereira, Henrique M., et al. (författare)
  • Scenarios for Global Biodiversity in the 21st Century
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Science. - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 330:6010, s. 1496-1501
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quantitative scenarios are coming of age as a tool for evaluating the impact of future socioeconomic development pathways on biodiversity and ecosystem services. We analyze global terrestrial, freshwater, and marine biodiversity scenarios using a range of measures including extinctions, changes in species abundance, habitat loss, and distribution shifts, as well as comparing model projections to observations. Scenarios consistently indicate that biodiversity will continue to decline over the 21st century. However, the range of projected changes is much broader than most studies suggest, partly because there are major opportunities to intervene through better policies, but also because of large uncertainties in projections.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
  • [1]2Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (11)
forskningsöversikt (4)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (14)
övrigt vetenskapligt (1)
Författare/redaktör
Mace, Georgina M. (12)
Báldi, András (5)
Bennett, Dominic J. (5)
Peres, Carlos A. (5)
Hill, Samantha L. L. (5)
Jung, Martin (4)
visa fler...
Entling, Martin H. (4)
Batáry, Péter (4)
Purvis, Andy (4)
Banks, John E (4)
Zaitsev, Andrey S (4)
Milder, Jeffrey C. (4)
Power, Eileen F. (4)
Stout, Jane C. (4)
Letcher, Susan G. (4)
Aizen, Marcelo A. (4)
Boutin, Céline (4)
Fonte, Steven J. (4)
Hanley, Mick E. (4)
Le Féon, Violette (4)
Morales, Carolina L. (4)
Sadler, Jonathan P. (4)
Smith-Pardo, Allan H ... (4)
Tylianakis, Jason M. (4)
Verboven, Hans A. F. (4)
Vergara, Carlos H. (4)
Tóthmérész, Béla (4)
Reyers, Belinda (4)
Fayle, Tom M (4)
Felton, Annika M. (4)
Struebig, Matthew J. (4)
Elek, Zoltán (4)
Slade, Eleanor M. (4)
Mayfield, Margaret M ... (4)
Gove, Aaron D. (4)
Henden, John-Andre (4)
Hudson, Lawrence N. (4)
Phillips, Helen R. P ... (4)
Correia, David L. P. (4)
Echeverria-Londono, ... (4)
Harrison, Michelle L ... (4)
Ingram, Daniel J. (4)
Martin, Callum D. (4)
Senior, Rebecca A. (4)
White, Hannah J. (4)
Adum, Gilbert B. (4)
Arbelaez-Cortes, Enr ... (4)
Azpiroz, Adrian B. (4)
Bates, Adam J. (4)
Bayne, Erin M. (4)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Stockholms universitet (11)
Umeå universitet (5)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (1)
Lunds universitet (1)
Mittuniversitetet (1)
Språk
Engelska (15)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Naturvetenskap (9)
Samhällsvetenskap (4)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (3)
Lantbruksvetenskap (1)

År

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy