Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Melén Erik) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Melén Erik)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 79
  • [1]234567...8Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Acevedo, Nathalie, et al. (författare)
  • DNA Methylation Levels in Mononuclear Leukocytes from the Mother and Her Child Are Associated with IgE Sensitization to Allergens in Early Life
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. - : MDPI AG. - 1661-6596 .- 1422-0067. ; 22:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • DNA methylation changes may predispose becoming IgE-sensitized to allergens. We analyzed whether DNA methylation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is associated with IgE sensitization at 5 years of age (5Y). DNA methylation was measured in 288 PBMC samples from 74 mother/child pairs from the birth cohort ALADDIN (Assessment of Lifestyle and Allergic Disease During INfancy) using the HumanMethylation450BeadChip (Illumina). PBMCs were obtained from the mothers during pregnancy and from their children in cord blood, at 2 years and 5Y. DNA methylation levels at each time point were compared between children with and without IgE sensitization to allergens at 5Y. For replication, CpG sites associated with IgE sensitization in ALADDIN were evaluated in whole blood DNA of 256 children, 4 years old, from the BAMSE (Swedish abbreviation for Children, Allergy, Milieu, Stockholm, Epidemiology) cohort. We found 34 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) associated with IgE sensitization to airborne allergens and 38 DMRs associated with sensitization to food allergens in children at 5Y (Sidak p <= 0.05). Genes associated with airborne sensitization were enriched in the pathway of endocytosis, while genes associated with food sensitization were enriched in focal adhesion, the bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, and leukocyte migration. Furthermore, 25 DMRs in maternal PBMCs were associated with IgE sensitization to airborne allergens in their children at 5Y, which were functionally annotated to the mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin) signaling pathway. This study supports that DNA methylation is associated with IgE sensitization early in life and revealed new candidate genes for atopy. Moreover, our study provides evidence that maternal DNA methylation levels are associated with IgE sensitization in the child supporting early in utero effects on atopy predisposition.
  • Loth, Daan W, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association analysis identifies six new loci associated with forced vital capacity
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 46, s. 669-677
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Forced vital capacity (FVC), a spirometric measure of pulmonary function, reflects lung volume and is used to diagnose and monitor lung diseases. We performed genome-wide association study meta-analysis of FVC in 52,253 individuals from 26 studies and followed up the top associations in 32,917 additional individuals of European ancestry. We found six new regions associated at genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10(-8)) with FVC in or near EFEMP1, BMP6, MIR129-2-HSD17B12, PRDM11, WWOX and KCNJ2. Two loci previously associated with spirometric measures (GSTCD and PTCH1) were related to FVC. Newly implicated regions were followed up in samples from African-American, Korean, Chinese and Hispanic individuals. We detected transcripts for all six newly implicated genes in human lung tissue. The new loci may inform mechanisms involved in lung development and the pathogenesis of restrictive lung disease.
  • Menditto, Enrica, et al. (författare)
  • Adherence to treatment in allergic rhinitis using mobile technology : The MASK Study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Clinical and Experimental Allergy. - : WILEY. - 0954-7894 .- 1365-2222. ; 49:4, s. 442-460
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Mobile technology may help to better understand the adherence to treatment. MASK-rhinitis (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK for allergic rhinitis) is a patient-centred ICT system. A mobile phone app (the Allergy Diary) central to MASK is available in 22 countries. Objectives: To assess the adherence to treatment in allergic rhinitis patients using the Allergy Diary App. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was carried out on all users who filled in the Allergy Diary from 1 January 2016 to 1 August 2017. Secondary adherence was assessed by using the modified Medication Possession Ratio (MPR) and the Proportion of days covered (PDC) approach. Results: A total of 12143 users were registered. A total of 6949 users reported at least one VAS data recording. Among them, 1887 users reported >= 7 VAS data. About 1195 subjects were included in the analysis of adherence. One hundred and thirty-six (11.28%) users were adherent (MPR >= 70% and PDC <= 1.25), 51 (4.23%) were partly adherent (MPR >= 70% and PDC = 1.50) and 176 (14.60%) were switchers. On the other hand, 832 (69.05%) users were non-adherent to medications (MPR <70%). Of those, the largest group was non-adherent to medications and the time interval was increased in 442 (36.68%) users. Conclusion and clinical relevance: Adherence to treatment is low. The relative efficacy of continuous vs on-demand treatment for allergic rhinitis symptoms is still a matter of debate. This study shows an approach for measuring retrospective adherence based on a mobile app. This also represents a novel approach for analysing medication-taking behaviour in a real-world setting.
  • Alhamdow, Ayman, et al. (författare)
  • Low-level exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is associated with reduced lung function among Swedish young adults
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Environmental Research. - : Elsevier. - 0013-9351 .- 1096-0953. ; 197
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been linked to adverse pulmonary effects. However, the impact of low-level environmental PAH exposure on lung function in early adulthood remains uncertain. Objectives: To evaluate the associations between urinary PAH metabolites and lung function parameters in young adults. Methods: Urinary metabolites of pyrene, phenanthrene, and fluorene were analysed in 1000 young adults from Sweden (age 22–25 years) using LC-MS/MS. Lung function and eosinophilic airway inflammation were measured by spirometry and exhaled nitric oxide fraction (FeNO), respectively. Linear regression analysis was used to evaluate associations between PAH metabolites and the outcomes. Results: Median urinary concentrations of 1-OH-pyrene, ∑OH-phenanthrene, and ∑OH-fluorene were 0.066, 0.36, 0.22 μg/L, respectively. We found inverse associations of ∑OH-phenanthrene and ∑OH-fluorene with FEV1 and FVC, as well as between 1-OH-pyrene and FEV1/FVC ratio (adjusted P < 0.05; all participants). An increase of 1% in ∑OH-fluorene was associated with a decrease of 73 mL in FEV1 and 59 mL in FVC. In addition, ∑OH-phenanthrene concentrations were, in a dose-response manner, inversely associated with FEV1 (B from −109 to −48 compared with the lowest quartile of ∑OH-phenanthrene; p trend 0.004) and FVC (B from −159 to −102 compared with lowest quartile; p-trend <0.001). Similar dose-response associations were also observed between ∑OH-fluorene and FEV1 and FVC, as well as between 1-OH-pyrene and FEV1/FVC (p-trend <0.05). There was no association between PAH exposure and FeNO, nor was there an interaction with smoking, sex, or asthma. Conclusion: Low-level PAH exposure was, in a dose-response manner, associated with reduced lung function in young adults. Our findings have public health implications due to i) the widespread occurrence of PAHs in the environment and ii) the clinical relevance of lung function in predicting all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality.
  • Bager, Jessica, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence and early-life risk factors for tree nut sensitization and allergy in young adults
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical and Experimental Allergy. - : WILEY. - 0954-7894 .- 1365-2222. ; 51:11, s. 1429-1437
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Tree nut allergy may cause anaphylaxis. There are limited population-based studies on prevalence and early-life risk factors. Methods We evaluated the prevalence of reported symptoms and allergic sensitization to tree nuts at age 24 years in the BAMSE population-based cohort study and assessed early-life factors associated with the development of tree nut allergy. We estimated tree nut allergy prevalence, by analysing questionnaire data on tree nut ingestion and symptoms at age 12, 16 and 24 years, and IgE sensitization at age 24 years to hazelnut, walnut, pecan, cashew, pistachio, Brazil nut, almond extracts and allergen molecules Cor a 1, 9, 14 (hazelnut), Jug r 1 (walnut) and Ana o 3 (cashew). We evaluated eczema, asthma, food allergies, inherited risk of allergy and gender as potential early-life risk factors. Results Data were available for 2215/4089 (54%) BAMSE study participants, for estimation of the prevalence of tree nut sensitization (21.2%), tree nut allergy symptoms (9.8%) and combined sensitization and symptoms (7.9%, 2.1% for storage protein sensitization and symptoms, 4.3% for any sensitization and non-mild symptoms). Sixty-three per cent of sensitized individuals (295/470) were asymptomatic, but only 76/470 (16%) storage protein sensitized individuals. Egg allergy (ORadj 8.50 95% CI 2.15-33.6), eczema (ORadj 2.53 95% CI 1.21-5.32) and asthma (ORadj 5.59 95% CI 2.35-13.3)) at pre-school age were associated with future development of tree nut symptoms and storage protein sensitization. At age 24 years, tree nut allergy was associated with current eczema and with markers of current asthma severity. Sensitization to storage proteins was more strongly associated with symptoms than sensitization to whole extract for all tree nuts evaluated. Conclusions In this Swedish cohort, we found tree nut whole extract sensitization is common but usually asymptomatic. Storage protein sensitization is a more reliable indicator of tree nut symptoms. Tree nut allergy is associated with early onset, persistent and severe atopic disease.
  • Ballardini, Natalia, et al. (författare)
  • Development and comorbidity of eczema, asthma and rhinitis to age 12 : data from the BAMSE birth cohort
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Allergy. - Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics. - 0105-4538 .- 1398-9995.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Allergy-related diseases are a public health issue, but knowledge on development and comorbidity among children is scarce. The aim was to study the development of eczema, asthma and rhinitis in relation to sex and parental allergy, in a population-based cohort, during childhood. METHODS: At 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 years, parental questionnaires were used to obtain data on allergy-related diseases. Complete data for all five follow-up occasions were available from 2916 children. Odds ratios for the risk of any allergy-related disease in relation to heredity and sex were calculated using generalized estimating equations. RESULTS: At 12 years, 58% of the children had had eczema, asthma and/or rhinitis at some time. Disease turnover was high for all three diseases throughout the study. Comorbidity increased with age, and at 12 years, 7.5% of all the children were affected by at least two allergy-related diseases. Parental allergy was associated with increased comorbidity and more persistent disease and increased the risk of having any allergy-related disease (adjusted OR 1.76; 95% CI 1.57-1.97) up to 12 years. Male sex was associated with an increased risk throughout childhood. Boys and girls did not differ in disease persistence, and for comorbidity, the differences were minor. CONCLUSIONS: Allergy-related diseases may affect a majority of children. Eczema, asthma and rhinitis develop dynamically throughout childhood, and allergic comorbidity is common. These findings indicate that allergy-related diseases should be neither seen nor studied as isolated entities.
  • Bedard, Annabelle, et al. (författare)
  • Mobile technology offers novel insights into the control and treatment of allergic rhinitis : The MASK study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0091-6749 .- 1097-6825. ; 144:1, s. 135-143
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Mobile health can be used to generate innovative insights into optimizing treatment to improve allergic rhinitis (AR) control. Objectives: A cross-sectional real-world observational study was undertaken in 22 countries to complement a pilot study and provide novel information on medication use, disease control, and work productivity in the everyday life of patients with AR. Methods: A mobile phone app (Allergy Diary, which is freely available on Google Play and Apple stores) was used to collect the data of daily visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for (1) overall allergic symptoms; (2) nasal, ocular, and asthma symptoms; (3) work; and (4) medication use by using a treatment scroll list including all allergy medications (prescribed and over-the-counter) customized for 22 countries. The 4 most common intranasal medications containing intranasal corticosteroids and 8 oral H-1-antihistamines were studied. Results: Nine thousand one hundred twenty-two users filled in 112,054 days of VASs in 2016 and 2017. Assessment of days was informative. Control of days with rhinitis differed between no (best control), single (good control for intranasal corticosteroid-treated days), or multiple (worst control) treatments. Users with the worst control increased the range of treatments being used. The same trend was found for asthma, eye symptoms, and work productivity. Differences between oral H-1-antihistamines were found. Conclusions: This study confirms the usefulness of the Allergy Diary in accessing and assessing behavior in patients with AR. This observational study using a very simple assessment tool (VAS) on a mobile phone had the potential to answer questions previously thought infeasible.
  • Björkander, Sophia, et al. (författare)
  • SARS-CoV-2-specific B- and T-cell immunity in a population-based study of young Swedish adults
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - : Elsevier BV. - 0091-6749 .- 1097-6825. ; 149:1, s. 65-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Young adults are now considered major spreaders of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disease. Although most young individuals experience mild to moderate disease, there are concerns of long-term adverse health effects. The impact of COVID-19 disease and to which extent population-level immunity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) exists in young adults remain unclear.Objective: We conducted a population-based study on humoral and cellular immunity to SARS-CoV-2 and explored COVID-19 disease characteristics in young adults.Methods: We invited participants from the Swedish BAMSE (Barn [Children], Allergy Milieu, Stockholm, Epidemiology) birth cohort (age 24-27 years) to take part in a COVID-19 followup. From 980 participants (October 2020 to June 2021), we here present data on SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain-specific IgM, IgA, and IgG titers measured by ELISA and on symptoms and epidemiologic factors associated with seropositivity. Further, SARS-CoV-2-specific memory B-and T-cell responses were detected for a subpopulation (n 5 108) by ELISpot and FluoroSpot.Results: A total of 28.4% of subjects were seropositive, of whom 18.4% were IgM single positive. One in 7 seropositive subjects was asymptomatic. Seropositivity was associated with use of public transport, but not with sex, asthma, rhinitis, IgE sensitization, smoking, or body mass index. In a subset of representative samples, 20.7% and 35.0% had detectable SARSCoV-2 specific B-and T-cell responses, respectively. B-and T-cell memory responses were clearly associated with seropositivity, but T-cell responses were also detected in 17.2% of seronegative subjects.Conclusions: Assessment of IgM and T-cell responses may improve population-based estimations of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The pronounced surge of both symptomatic and asymptomatic infections among young adults indicates that the large-scale vaccination campaign should be continued. (J Allergy Clin Immunol 2022;149:65-75.)
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 79
  • [1]234567...8Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (70)
forskningsöversikt (4)
doktorsavhandling (3)
bok (1)
annan publikation (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (69)
övrigt vetenskapligt (9)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (1)
Melén, Erik (73)
Kull, Inger (39)
Bergström, Anna (32)
Hallberg, Jenny (18)
Andersson, Niklas (15)
van Hage, Marianne (13)
visa fler...
Koppelman, Gerard H. (12)
Wickman, Magnus (12)
Pershagen, Göran (11)
Janson, Christer (10)
Almqvist, Catarina (9)
Ekström, Sandra (9)
Georgelis, Antonios (9)
Heinrich, Joachim (7)
Sunyer, Jordi (7)
Ludvigsson, Jonas F. ... (6)
Jarvelin, Marjo-Riit ... (6)
Vonk, Judith M (6)
Haahtela, Tari (6)
Bergstrom, Anna (6)
Pershagen, Goran (6)
Anto, Josep M. (6)
Jacobsson, Bo, 1960 (5)
Garcia-Aymerich, Jud ... (5)
Uitterlinden, Andre ... (5)
Pfaar, Oliver (5)
Wang, Gang (5)
Granell, Raquel (5)
Asarnoj, Anna (5)
Ballardini, Natalia (5)
Westman, Marit (5)
Bisgaard, Hans (5)
Jaddoe', Vincent W. ... (5)
Klimek, Ludger (5)
Kvedariene, Violeta (5)
Devillier, Philippe (5)
Bedbrook, Anna (5)
Czarlewski, Wienczys ... (5)
Morais-Almeida, Mari ... (5)
Stellato, Cristiana (5)
Cruz, Alvaro A. (5)
Valiulis, Arunas (5)
Kuna, Piotr (5)
Samolinski, Boleslaw (5)
Mullol, Joaquim (5)
Tomazic, Peter Valen ... (5)
Reitsma, Sietze (5)
Gemicioglu, Bilun (5)
Bosnic-Anticevich, S ... (5)
Laune, Daniel (5)
visa färre...
Karolinska Institutet (59)
Uppsala universitet (35)
Umeå universitet (9)
Örebro universitet (8)
Göteborgs universitet (7)
Stockholms universitet (5)
visa fler...
Lunds universitet (5)
Linköpings universitet (4)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (2)
Mälardalens universitet (2)
Mittuniversitetet (2)
visa färre...
Engelska (73)
Svenska (6)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (62)
Samhällsvetenskap (3)
Naturvetenskap (2)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy