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Sökning: WFRF:(Michel Per Olof Docent)

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1.
  • Andersson, Sten-Ove, 1953- (författare)
  • Militär akutsjukvård i fält : när den övade verkligheten blir verklig
  • 2014
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Aims: Governing for the Armed Forces health care is respect for human dignity and the view of each individual as irreplaceable. The quality of the military care will be at a level equivalent to that of today's civil peace healthcare, which requires that the training is of high quality. Casualty care in the military environment is a complex, challenging and dangerous task. Today there is a lack of knowledge about how to learn these skills. The purpose of the research was to identify the knowledge area pre-hospital care in the military environment by examining what doctors, nurses, paramedics and officers learn about military health care during preparation and exercise.Method: A phenomenographic approach was used in all sub-studies, and empirical data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews. Study I‐III are cross-sectional studies and study IV is a longitudinal study. Twelve registered nurses who had served in Bosnia were interviewed for study I, and 24 conscript paramedics were interviewed for study II. Study III included 20 officers in their pre-deployment training for service in Afghanistan and Liberia, and Study IV included 7 doctors and twenty nurses who previously had served in Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo and Liberia.Results: Learning military health care by training and gaining experience can be seen as different abilities; interaction, action and reflection. In-depth analysis at a meta--‐level revealed that the integration between the military and military medical fields of knowledge was missing. The results indicate that participants' understanding of their respective fields of knowledge is inadequate and needs to be integrated in education in a clearer way.Implications: To create opportunities for better education and integration in these fields of knowledge are proposed (1) that the findings of the thesis could be utilised to develop the design of the curriculum (2) the inter-professional learning is introduced as a part of creating a safer and more effective pre-hospital care, (3) the clinical competence becomes part of the development of pre-hospital emergency care in the field, and (4) that the training is built according to the principle of "train as you fight" with emphasis on the requirements in the combat zone.
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2.
  • Doohan, Isabelle, 1985- (författare)
  • Surviving a major bus crash : experiences from the crash and five years after
  • 2017
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background Major road traffic crashes (RTCs) can have a significant impact on the survivors, their family, and their friends, as well as on emergency personnel, volunteers, and others involved. However, survivors’ perspectives are rare or missing in research on major RTCs in Sweden. A comprehensive understanding of the survivors and their experiences is also lacking. By studying what it is like to survive a major RTC, the care and support provided to survivors can be adapted and improved.The overall aim is to broaden the understanding of the short- and long-term consequences and experiences of surviving a major bus crash.Methods The contexts are two bus crashes that occurred in Sweden, in February 2007 and December 2014. In total, the participants are 110 out of the 112 survivors, and the data is collected through telephone interviews, official reports, and medical records at one month, three months, and five years after the crashes. Analysis methods include qualitative content analysis, descriptive statistics, thematic analysis, and mixed methods research analysis.Results One month after the crash, most of the survivors were experiencing minor or major physical and/or psychological stress in their everyday lives (Study I). Four main findings were identified regarding their experiences of immediate care (Study II): prehospital discomfort, lack of compassionate care, dissatisfaction with crisis support, and satisfactory initial care and support. The importance of compassion and being close to others was also highlighted. Five years after the bus crash in Rasbo (Study III), survivors were still struggling with physical injuries and mental problems. Other long-term consequences were a lasting sense of connectedness among fellow passengers, a gratitude for life, as well as feelings of distress in traffic, especially in regard to buses. The main findings from study IV indicated that injury severity did not seem to affect mental health, and that social aspects were important to the recovery process. There was an interconnection among survivors in which they seemed to be linked to each other’s recovery.Conclusion A strong need for short- and long-term social and psychological support in terms of compassion and community is evident in all the studies. The survivors ought to be acknowledged as capable and having the resources to contribute to their own and their fellow survivors’ recovery and health. There is a need for greater understanding of how different the survivors are, with each one of them having various physical, psychological, social, and existential needs. 
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3.
  • Karlsson, Kåre (författare)
  • Health problems and work-related stress in Swedish ambulance personnel
  • 2020
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Previous studies have shown a high incidence of both acute and post-traumatic stress among ambulance personnel. It has been shown that ambulance personnel are at a higher risk of being affected of heart disease, high blood pressure and cancer. Studies have also seen a higher incidence of substance abuse and suicide. One cause of these health problems can be work-related stress. No previous research has focused on the body's physical reactions in the form of changes in heart rate and stress hormones in ambulance personnel in connection with work-related stress. Nor is there any overall picture of what actually affects Swedish ambulance personnel in terms of reported morbidity.Aim: The overall aim of the thesis is to investigate health problems in Swedish ambulance personnel and to study if there are any factors related to the work environment and the special conditions occurring in the prehospital environment that can be linked to the findings that appear.The questions that should be answered are: Are there health problems that affect Swedish ambulance personnel to a higher extent than other professions in Sweden? Are there any factors relating to morbidity that can be linked to the profession and can be regarded as potentially dangerous? If so, are there methods to prevent health problems that can be implemented in daily work?Methods: Studies I, II and III were all studies where stress markers (heart rate and cortisol levels) were measured during different conditions linked to the profession. Study I was a study where this was measured during physical exertion e.g. to carry a stretcher. Study II was a validated theoretical stress test to see how the ambulance personnel reacted to unknown factors. Study III meant measuring stress markers during priority-1 alarms. Study IV was carried out as a longitudinal register study where data about ICD-codes was collected from Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare.Results: In study I it was shown that the use of lifting aids reduced the measurable stress in the form of both reduced heart rate and decreased cortisol levels. Study II showed that personnel were stressed of the unknown test though women had the highest salivary cortisol levels before the Trier social stress test while the highest value for men occurred 10 to 20 minutes after the test. Study III showed that there was an increase in heart rate during priority-1 alarms that could not be linked to physical activity. It also indicated/showed that traffic accidents, patients with heart attacks in need of acute PCI or thrombectomy and alarms regarding children generate the highest stress onset seen as prolonged elevation of cortisol levels. This was seen regardless of gender, age, education or experience in all three studies. Study IV showed that Swedish ambulance personnel run the risk of being affected by certain diseases such as cardiac arrhythmias and injuries as arthrosis of the knee, dorsopathies and intervertebral disc disorders to a greater extent compared to other health care workers and other professions in Sweden.Conclusion: Swedish ambulance personnel have a higher incidence of certain health problems and diseases such as paroxysmal tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter, other cardiac arrhythmias, high blood pressure, of the knee and dorsopathies and intervertebral disc disorders compared to other professions. These conditions can be caused by work-related stress, although they are not the only cause. Some factors that cause a stress reaction that can be linked to the ambulance profession have emerged in the studies. But the extent to which these factors alone cause the health problems that Swedish ambulance personnel suffer from is more difficult to determine with certainty based on these studies. Using shoulder straps reduces both heart rate and cortisol secretion.Clinical implications: Greater use of aids both in terms of lifting, moving and carrying heavy loads should mean that the physical load on the body would be reduced. These aids could also prevent some musculoskeletal problems that have emerged in this thesis by relieving and distributing the burden throughout the body. An important aspect in preventing work-related stress is that sufficient time is given for recovery. The organizations need to be dimensioned so that there is sufficient standby time so that there is time for recovery and reflection but also time for education and training. This is something that is far from reality in many Swedish ambulance organizations. It is also time to seriously discuss what is an actual reality in many countries, namely that employees in the ambulance service can benefit from a lower retirement age after a certain number of years of service.
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