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Sökning: WFRF:(Nörgaard BL)

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  • Knot, J, et al. (författare)
  • How to set up an effective national primary angioplasty network : Lessons learned from five European countries
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: EuroIntervention. - 1774-024X. ; 3:299, s. 301-309
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) are used to treat acute and chronic forms of coronary artery disease. While in chronic forms the main goal of PCI is to improve the quality of life, in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) timely PCI is a life-saving procedure - especially in the setting of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of this study was to describe the experience of countries with successful nationwide implementation of PCI in STEMI, and to provide general recommendations for other countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: The European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) recenty launched the Stent For Life Initiative (SFLI). The initial phase of this pan-European project was focused on the positive experience of five countries to provide the best practice examples. The Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Sweden, Denmark and Austria were visited and the logistics of ACS treatment was studied. Public campaigns improved patient access to acute PCI. Regional networks involving emergency medical services (EMS), non-PCI hospitals and PCI centres are useful in providing access to acute PCI for most patients. Direct transfer from the first medical contact site to the cathlab is essential to minimise the time delays. Cathlab staff work is organised to provide acute PCI services 24 hours a day / seven days a week (24/7). Even in those regions where thrombolysis is still used due to long transfer distances to PCI, patients should still be transferred to a PCI centre (after thrombolysis). The highest risk non-ST elevation acute myocardial infarction patients should undergo emergency coronary angiography within two hours of hospital admission, i.e. similar to STEMI patients. CONCLUSIONS: Three realistic goals for other countries were defined based on these experiences: 1) primary PCI should be used for >70% of all STEMI patients, 2) primary PCI rates should reach >600 per million inhabitants per year and 3) existing PCI centres should treat all their STEMI patients by primary PCI, i.e. should offer a 24/7 service
  • Oldgren, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Myocardial Damage, Inflammation and Thrombin Inhibition in Unstable Coronary Artery Disease
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 24:1, s. 86-93
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM:Unstable coronary artery disease (CAD) is a multifactorial disease involving both thrombotic and inflammatory processes. We have assessed the time-course and the influence of thrombin inhibitors on changes in fibrinogen and C-reactive protein levels, and their relation to myocardial ischaemia in unstable CAD.METHODS AND RESULTS:Three hundred and twenty patients were randomized to 72 h infusion with three different doses of inogatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor, or unfractionated heparin. There were no significant differences between the treatment groups in fibrinogen or C-reactive protein levels. Overall, the fibrinogen levels were significantly increased in the first 24-96 h and still elevated at 30 days. The C-reactive protein levels showed a more pronounced increase during the first 24-96 h, but then markedly decreased over 30 days. Troponin-positive compared to troponin-negative patients had higher fibrinogen and C-reactive protein levels up to 96 h, although there was an increase compared to pre-treatment levels in both groups. A high fibrinogen level (pre-treatment top tertile) was associated with an increased rate of death or myocardial (re-)infarction at 30 days, 13% vs 5.6%, P=0.03, and increased long-term mortality. A high C-reactive protein level was related to increased 30-day mortality, 4% vs 0%, P=0.01.CONCLUSION:Myocardial cell injury was related to a high degree of inflammation, only some of which is an acutephase response due to tissue damage. The rise in fibrinogen was sustained, which might reflect low grade inflammation with long-term risk of thrombosis. The transient elevation of C-reactive protein levels might indicate a propensity to a pronounced inflammatory response and is associated with increased mortality.
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