SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Newby L. Kristin) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Newby L. Kristin)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 19
  • [1]2Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  •  
2.
  •  
3.
  •  
4.
  •  
5.
  • Guigliano, Robert P, et al. (författare)
  • Early versus delayed, provisional eptifibatide in acute coronary syndromes.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 360:21, s. 2176-2190
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are indicated in patients with acute coronary syndromes who are undergoing an invasive procedure. The optimal timing of the initiation of such therapy is unknown. Methods We compared a strategy of early, routine administration of eptifibatide with delayed, provisional administration in 9492 patients who had acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation and who were assigned to an invasive strategy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either early eptifibatide (two boluses, each containing 180 µg per kilogram of body weight, administered 10 minutes apart, and a standard infusion 12 hours before angiography) or a matching placebo infusion with provisional use of eptifibatide after angiography (delayed eptifibatide). The primary efficacy end point was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, recurrent ischemia requiring urgent revascularization, or the occurrence of a thrombotic complication during percutaneous coronary intervention that required bolus therapy opposite to the initial study-group assignment ("thrombotic bailout") at 96 hours. The key secondary end point was a composite of death or myocardial infarction within the first 30 days. Key safety end points were bleeding and the need for transfusion within the first 120 hours after randomization. Results The primary end point occurred in 9.3% of patients in the early-eptifibatide group and in 10.0% in the delayed-eptifibatide group (odds ratio, 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.80 to 1.06; P=0.23). At 30 days, the rate of death or myocardial infarction was 11.2% in the early-eptifibatide group, as compared with 12.3% in the delayed-eptifibatide group (odds ratio, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.01; P=0.08). Patients in the early-eptifibatide group had significantly higher rates of bleeding and red-cell transfusion. There was no significant difference between the two groups in rates of severe bleeding or nonhemorrhagic serious adverse events. Conclusions In patients who had acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation, the use of eptifibatide 12 hours or more before angiography was not superior to the provisional use of eptifibatide after angiography. The early use of eptifibatide was associated with an increased risk of non–life-threatening bleeding and need for transfusion.    
  •  
6.
  • Becker, Richard C., et al. (författare)
  • Effect of apixaban, an oral and direct factor Xa inhibitor, on coagulation activity biomarkers following acute coronary syndrome
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - 0340-6245. ; 104:5, s. 976-983
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Apixaban is an oral, direct factor Xa inhibitor under development for secondary prevention in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) Apixaban's effect on D dimer and prothrombin fragment 12 (F1 2) (coagulation activity biomarkers) was determined in a randomised, double blinded, placebo controlled phase 2 study Patients (n=1,715) with either ST segment elevation or non ST segment elevation ACS received either placebo or apixaban 2 5 mg twice daily 10 mg once daily, 10 mg twice daily or 20 mg once daily for six months Samples were obtained at baseline (before study drug administration), week 3 and week 26 Apixaban plasma concentrations were measured directly by liquid chromatography/mass spectometry and anti Xa activity was determined using apixaban as a reference standard D dimer and F 1 2 were measured using ELISA based methods Most patients had elevated D dimer and Fl 2 levels at baseline Both coagulation activity biomarkers decreased by week 3 in all treatment groups but to a greater degree with apixaban than placebo (p<0 001) In a multivariable analysis, apixaban was independently associated with a change in biomarkers over time (p<0 0001) While the overall decrease did not differ significantly among the three highest apixaban doses, Fl 2 was suppressed more rapidly by the 10 mg once daily than the 2 5 mg twice daily dose (p<0 05) There was a strong and direct relationship between apixaban plasma concentrations and anti Xa apixaban levels, and an inverse relationship for both measures with coagulation activity biomarkers In conclusion the oral direct factor Xa inhibitor apixaban significantly reduced coagulation activity biomarkers among patients with ACS The 10 mg once daily dose reduced thrombin generation (F 1 2) and fibrin formation (D dimer) more rapidly and robustly than the 25 mg twice daily dose The effect on both D dimer and F 12 was apixaban concentration and factor Xa inhibition dependent durable and provided general guidance for dose selection in phase 3 investigation.
  •  
7.
  • Gharacholou, S. Michael, et al. (författare)
  • Antithrombotic therapy in acute coronary syndromes : guidelines translated for the clinician
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis. - 0929-5305 .- 1573-742X. ; 29:4, s. 516-528
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The use of anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy during the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has been associated with improvements in short- and long-term clinical outcomes, regardless of whether patients are managed conservatively or with acute coronary revascularization. Translating the existing evidence for selection of the most appropriate antithrombotic strategy has been summarized in available guideline recommendations. Given the breadth of antithrombotic recommendations across existing U.S. and European guidelines, synthesis of these recommendations for practicing clinicians who treat patients with ACS are increasingly desired. Providing a summary of the similarities across guidelines while noting the areas where divergence exists becomes an important facet in translating optimal antithrombotic management in ACS for the treating clinician. This review highlights the important aspects of clinical practice guidelines that practicing physicians should consider when selecting antithrombotic therapies to reduce ischemic risk while minimizing hemorrhagic risk across all ACS subtypes.
  •  
8.
  • Giraldez, Roberto R., et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence and clinical outcomes of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and prediabetes among patients with high-risk non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 165:6, s. 918-925.e2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background We examined the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes or prediabetes and associations with ischemic outcomes among non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Methods We categorized 8795 EARLY ACS trial patients into one of the following groups: "known diabetes" (n = 2860 [32.5%]; reported on the case report form), "undiagnosed diabetes" (n = 1069 [12.2%]; no diabetes history and fasting glucose >= 126 mg/dL or hemoglobin A(1c) >= 6.5%), "prediabetes" (n = 947 [10.8%]; fasting glucose >= 110 to <126 mg/dL, or " normal" (n = 3919 [44.5%]). Adjusted associations of known diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, and prediabetes (versus normal) with 30-day and 1-year outcomes were determined. Results Undiagnosed diabetes was associated with greater 30-day death or myocardial infarction (MI) (ORadj 1.28, 95% CI 1.05-1.57), driven primarily by greater 30-day mortality (ORadj 1.65, 95% CI 1.09-2.48). Known diabetic patients had 30-day death or MI outcomes similar to those of normal patients, but 30-day mortality was higher (ORadj 1.40, 95% CI 1.01-1.93). Prediabetic patients had 30-day death or MI outcomes similar to those of normal patients. One-year mortality was greater among known diabetic patients (HRadj 1.38, 95% CI 1.13-1.67) but not among those with undiagnosed diabetes or prediabetes. Conclusions Undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes were common among high-risk non-ST-segment elevation ACS patients. Routine screening for undiagnosed diabetes may be useful since these patients seem to have worse short-term outcomes and deserve consideration of alternative management strategies.
  •  
9.
  • Halim, Sharif A., et al. (författare)
  • Frequency, clinical and angiographic characteristics, and outcomes of high-risk non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes patients with left circumflex culprit lesions
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - 0167-5273 .- 1874-1754. ; 203, s. 708-713
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The relationship between culprit vessel, infarct size, and outcomes in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) is unclear. In some reports, the left circumflex artery (LCX) was more often the culprit at angiography than the right coronary artery (RCA) or left anterior descending artery (LAD), and infarcts were larger with LCX culprits. Methods: We determined culprit vessel frequency and initial patency (TIMI flow grade), median fold elevation of peak troponin above the upper limit of normal, and outcomes (30-day death or myocardial infarction [MI] and 1-year mortality) by culprit vessel in high-risk NSTE ACS patients in the EARLY ACS trial. Results: Of 9406 patients, 2066 (22.0%) had angiographic core laboratory data. We evaluated 1774 patients for whom the culprit artery was not the left main, a bypass graft, or branch vessel. The culprit was the LCX in 560 (31.6%), LAD in 653 (36.8%), and RCA in 561 (31.6%) patients. There were fewer women (24.1%) and more prior MI (25.5%) among patients with a culprit LCX compared with those with a culprit LAD or RCA. Patients with LCX (21.2%) and RCA (27.5%) culprits more often had an occluded artery (TIMI 0/1) than did those with LAD (11.3%). Peak troponin elevation was significantly higher for LCX than RCA or LAD culprits. LCX culprit vessels were not associated with worse 30-day or 1-year outcomes in adjusted models. Conclusions: Among patientswith NSTE ACS, the frequencies of LCX, LAD, and RCA culprits were similar. Although LCX lesions were associated with higher peak troponin levels, there was no difference in short-or intermediateterm outcomes by culprit artery.
  •  
10.
  • Koshizaka, Masaya, et al. (författare)
  • Obesity, Diabetes, and Acute Coronary Syndrome : Differences Between Asians and Whites
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Medicine. - 0002-9343 .- 1555-7162. ; 130:10, s. 1170-1176
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Most diabetes and cardiovascular studies have been conducted in white patients, with data being extrapolated to other population groups.METHODS:For this analysis, patient-level data were extracted from 5 randomized clinical trials in patients with acute coronary syndrome; we compared obesity levels between Asian and white populations, stratified by diabetes status. By using an adjusted Cox proportional hazards model, hazard ratios (HRs) for cardiovascular outcomes after an acute coronary syndrome were determined.RESULTS:We identified 49,224 patient records from the 5 trials, with 3176 Asians and 46,048 whites. Whites with diabetes had higher body mass index values than those without diabetes (median 29.3 vs 27.2 kg/m(2); P <.0001), whereas Asians with diabetes and without diabetes had similar body mass index (24.7 vs 24.2 kg/m2). Asians with diabetes (HR, 1.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-2.02), whites with diabetes (HR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.06-1.25), and Asians without diabetes (HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.14-1.64) had higher rates of the composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at 30 days than whites without diabetes. Asians with diabetes (HR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.47-2.31), whites with diabetes (HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.33-1.62), and Asians without diabetes (HR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.11-1.73) had higher rates of death at 1 year compared with whites without diabetes. There were no significant interactions between race and diabetes for ischemic outcomes.CONCLUSIONS:Although Asians with diabetes and acute coronary syndrome are less likely to be obese than their white counterparts, their risk for death or recurrent ischemic events was not lower.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 19
  • [1]2Nästa

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy