Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Nielsen Rasmus) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Nielsen Rasmus)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Grijseels, S., et al. (författare)
  • Identification of the decumbenone biosynthetic gene cluster in penicillium decumbens and the importance for production of calbistrin
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Fungal Biology and Biotechnology. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 2054-3085. ; 5:1, s. 1-17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Filamentous fungi are important producers of secondary metabolites, low molecular weight molecules that often have bioactive properties. Calbistrin A is a secondary metabolite with an interesting structure that was recently found to have bioactivity against leukemia cells. It consists of two polyketides linked by an ester bond: a bicy-clic decalin containing polyketide with structural similarities to lovastatin, and a linear 12 carbon dioic acid structure. Calbistrin A is known to be produced by several uniseriate black Aspergilli, Aspergillus versicolor-related species, and Penicillia. Penicillium decumbens produces calbistrin A and B as well as several putative intermediates of the calbistrin pathway, such as decumbenone A-B and versiol. Results: A comparative genomics study focused on the polyketide synthase (PKS) sets found in three full genome sequence calbistrin producing fungal species, P. decumbens, A. aculeatus and A. versicolor, resulted in the identification of a novel, putative 13-membered calbistrin producing gene cluster (calA to calM). Implementation of the CRISPR/ Cas9 technology in P. decumbens allowed the targeted deletion of genes encoding a polyketide synthase (calA), a major facilitator pump (calB) and a binuclear zinc cluster transcription factor (calC). Detailed metabolic profiling, using UHPLC-MS, of the ∆calA (PKS) and ∆calC ( TF) strains confirmed the suspected involvement in calbistrin productions as neither strains produced calbistrin nor any of the putative intermediates in the pathway. Similarly analysis of the excreted metabolites in the ∆calB (MFC-pump) strain showed that the encoded pump was required for efficient export of calbistrin A and B. Conclusion: Here we report the discovery of a gene cluster (calA-M) involved in the biosynthesis of the polyketide calbistrin in P. decumbens. Targeted gene deletions proved the involvement of CalA (polyketide synthase) in the biosynthesis of calbistrin, CalB (major facilitator pump) for the export of calbistrin A and B and CalC for the transcriptional regulation of the cal-cluster. This study lays the foundation for further characterization of the calbistrin biosynthetic pathway in multiple species and the development of an efficient calbistrin producing cell factory.
  • Grijseels, S., et al. (författare)
  • Physiological characterization of secondary metabolite producing Penicillium cell factories
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Fungal Biology and Biotechnology. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 2054-3085. ; 4, s. 8-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Penicillium species are important producers of bioactive secondary metabolites. However, the immense diversity of the fungal kingdom is only scarcely represented in industrial bioprocesses and the upscaling of compound production remains a costly and labor intensive challenge. In order to facilitate the development of novel secondary metabolite producing processes, two routes are typically explored: optimization of the native producer or transferring the enzymatic pathway into a heterologous host. Recent genome sequencing of ten Penicillium species showed the vast amount of secondary metabolite gene clusters present in their genomes, and makes them accessible for rational strain improvement. In this study, we aimed to characterize the potential of these ten Penicillium species as native producing cell factories by testing their growth performance and secondary metabolite production in submerged cultivations.Results: Cultivation of the fungal species in controlled submerged bioreactors showed that the ten wild type Penicillium species had promising, highly reproducible growth characteristics in two different media. Analysis of the secondary metabolite production using liquid chromatography coupled with high resolution mass spectrometry proved that the species produced a broad range of secondary metabolites, at different stages of the fermentations. Metabolite profiling for identification of the known compounds resulted in identification of 34 metabolites; which included several with bioactive properties such as antibacterial, antifungal and anticancer activities. Additionally, several novel species metabolite relationships were found.Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the fermentation characteristics and the highly reproducible performance in bioreactors of ten recently genome sequenced Penicillium species should be considered as very encouraging for the application of native hosts for production via submerged fermentation. The results are particularly promising for the potential development of the ten analysed Penicillium species for production of novel bioactive compounds via submerged fermentations
  • Rasmussen, Morten, et al. (författare)
  • Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 463:7282, s. 757-762
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report here the genome sequence of an ancient human. Obtained from ∼4,000-year-old permafrost-preserved hair, the genome represents a male individual from the first known culture to settle in Greenland. Sequenced to an average depth of 20×, we recover 79% of the diploid genome, an amount close to the practical limit of current sequencing technologies. We identify 353,151 high-confidence single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), of which 6.8% have not been reported previously. We estimate raw read contamination to be no higher than 0.8%. We use functional SNP assessment to assign possible phenotypic characteristics of the individual that belonged to a culture whose location has yielded only trace human remains. We compare the high-confidence SNPs to those of contemporary populations to find the populations most closely related to the individual. This provides evidence for a migration from Siberia into the New World some 5,500 years ago, independent of that giving rise to the modern Native Americans and Inuit.
  • Rasmussen, Simon, et al. (författare)
  • Early Divergent Strains of Yersinia pestis in Eurasia 5,000 Years Ago
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Cell. - : Elsevier. - 0092-8674. ; 163:3, s. 571-582
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The bacteria Yersinia pestis is the etiological agent of plague and has caused human pandemics with millions of deaths in historic times. How and when it originated remains contentious. Here, we report the oldest direct evidence of Yersinia pestis identified by ancient DNA in human teeth from Asia and Europe dating from 2,800 to 5,000 years ago. By sequencing the genomes, we find that these ancient plague strains are basal to all known Yersinia pestis. We find the origins of the Yersinia pestis lineage to be at least two times older than previous estimates. We also identify a temporal sequence of genetic changes that lead to increased virulence and the emergence of the bubonic plague. Our results show that plague infection was endemic in the human populations of Eurasia at least 3,000 years before any historical recordings of pandemics.
  • Bjorkman, Anne, 1981, et al. (författare)
  • Plant functional trait change across a warming tundra biome
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 562:7725, s. 57-62
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The tundra is warming more rapidly than any other biome on Earth, and the potential ramifications are far-reaching because of global feedback effects between vegetation and climate. A better understanding of how environmental factors shape plant structure and function is crucial for predicting the consequences of environmental change for ecosystem functioning. Here we explore the biome-wide relationships between temperature, moisture and seven key plant functional traits both across space and over three decades of warming at 117 tundra locations. Spatial temperature–trait relationships were generally strong but soil moisture had a marked influence on the strength and direction of these relationships, highlighting the potentially important influence of changes in water availability on future trait shifts in tundra plant communities. Community height increased with warming across all sites over the past three decades, but other traits lagged far behind predicted rates of change. Our findings highlight the challenge of using space-for-time substitution to predict the functional consequences of future warming and suggest that functions that are tied closely to plant height will experience the most rapid change. They also reveal the strength with which environmental factors shape biotic communities at the coldest extremes of the planet and will help to improve projections of functional changes in tundra ecosystems with climate warming.
  • Bjorkman, Anne, 1981, et al. (författare)
  • Tundra Trait Team: A database of plant traits spanning the tundra biome
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Global Ecology and Biogeography. - : Wiley. - 1466-822X .- 1466-8238. ; 27:12, s. 1402-1411
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2018 The Authors Global Ecology and Biogeography Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Motivation: The Tundra Trait Team (TTT) database includes field-based measurements of key traits related to plant form and function at multiple sites across the tundra biome. This dataset can be used to address theoretical questions about plant strategy and trade-offs, trait–environment relationships and environmental filtering, and trait variation across spatial scales, to validate satellite data, and to inform Earth system model parameters. Main types of variable contained: The database contains 91,970 measurements of 18 plant traits. The most frequently measured traits (> 1,000 observations each) include plant height, leaf area, specific leaf area, leaf fresh and dry mass, leaf dry matter content, leaf nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus content, leaf C:N and N:P, seed mass, and stem specific density. Spatial location and grain: Measurements were collected in tundra habitats in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, including Arctic sites in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Fennoscandia and Siberia, alpine sites in the European Alps, Colorado Rockies, Caucasus, Ural Mountains, Pyrenees, Australian Alps, and Central Otago Mountains (New Zealand), and sub-Antarctic Marion Island. More than 99% of observations are georeferenced. Time period and grain: All data were collected between 1964 and 2018. A small number of sites have repeated trait measurements at two or more time periods. Major taxa and level of measurement: Trait measurements were made on 978 terrestrial vascular plant species growing in tundra habitats. Most observations are on individuals (86%), while the remainder represent plot or site means or maximums per species. Software format: csv file and GitHub repository with data cleaning scripts in R; contribution to TRY plant trait database (www.try-db.org) to be included in the next version release.
  • Hammarlund, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Fisheries management under nutrient influence : Cod fishery in the Western Baltic Sea
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Fisheries Research. - : Elsevier. - 0165-7836 .- 1872-6763. ; 201, s. 109-119
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A fisheries management model that identifies the economic optimal management of fisheries under the influence of nutrients is presented. The model starts from the idea that growth in fish biomass increases with increasing availability of nutrients owing to higher food availability up to a peak, after which growth falls due to eutrophication. The model is applied to Swedish and Danish cod fisheries in the Western Baltic Sea and identifies the welfare contribution of the fisheries, measured as the sum of resource rent and producer surplus. In 2010, the welfare contribution was −28% of the landing value. Maximizing the model with respect to effort alone and additionally over nitrogen concentration increases the contribution to 11% of the landing value in 2010. The analysis shows that the welfare effect of reducing fishing effort through management reforms is large, but that the effect of incorporating nitrogen in fisheries policy is small.
  • Hansen, Lea B.S., et al. (författare)
  • A low-gluten diet induces changes in the intestinal microbiome of healthy Danish adults
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 2041-1723. ; 9:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2018, The Author(s). Adherence to a low-gluten diet has become increasingly common in parts of the general population. However, the effects of reducing gluten-rich food items including wheat, barley and rye cereals in healthy adults are unclear. Here, we undertook a randomised, controlled, cross-over trial involving 60 middle-aged Danish adults without known disorders with two 8-week interventions comparing a low-gluten diet (2 g gluten per day) and a high-gluten diet (18 g gluten per day), separated by a washout period of at least six weeks with habitual diet (12 g gluten per day). We find that, in comparison with a high-gluten diet, a low-gluten diet induces moderate changes in the intestinal microbiome, reduces fasting and postprandial hydrogen exhalation, and leads to improvements in self-reported bloating. These observations suggest that most of the effects of a low-gluten diet in non-coeliac adults may be driven by qualitative changes in dietary fibres.
  • Madelung, Ann Brinch, et al. (författare)
  • World Health Organization-defined classification of myeloproliferative neoplasms: Morphological reproducibility and clinical correlations-The Danish experience
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Hematology. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 0361-8609 .- 1096-8652. ; 88:12, s. 1012-1016
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We examined inter-and intraobserver reproducibility and concordance between histological diagnosis and independently collected clinical findings in a large series of patients with the major subtypes of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and controls. Seven hematopathologists reviewed 272 bone marrow biopsies including 43 controls. Diagnoses were determined according to the 2008 criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO). The participants were blinded to all clinical data except patient age. After initial evaluation all hematopathologists participated in a 3-day meeting with a leading clinician chaired by an expert hematopathologists. In cases with lack of consensus on fiber grading (n=57), a new evaluation was performed. In cases with discordance on morphological diagnosis (n=129), an additional nonblinded evaluation taking clinical data into consideration was carried out. For remaining cases with a lack of concordance between morphological diagnosis and clinical diagnosis (n=33), a similar nonblinded evaluation was performed. Consensus on final histological diagnosis and concordance with clinical diagnosis were determined. Blinded histological evaluation resulted in a 53% consensus rate. After re-evaluation of fiber content, consensus was reached in 60% of cases. Adding clinical data increased the histological consensus to 83%. For cases with a histological consensus, we found a concordance of 71% with the clinician's diagnoses. This is the first study to present a larger cohort of MPN patients mimicking the diagnostic challenges that hematopathologists face in their daily practice. The results support the postulates of the WHO that both morphological and clinical findings are essential for a valid diagnosis Am. J. Hematol. 88: 1012-1016, 2013. (C) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Munch Roager, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Whole grain-rich diet reduces body weight and systemic low-grade inflammation without inducing major changes of the gut microbiome: A randomised cross-over trial
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Gut. - : BMJ. - 1468-3288 .- 0017-5749. ; 68:1, s. 83-93
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective T o investigate whether a whole grain diet alters the gut microbiome and insulin sensitivity, as well as biomarkers of metabolic health and gut functionality. Design 60 Danish adults at risk of developing metabolic syndrome were included in a randomised cross-over trial with two 8-week dietary intervention periods comprising whole grain diet and refined grain diet, separated by a washout period of =6 weeks. The response to the interventions on the gut microbiome composition and insulin sensitivity as well on measures of glucose and lipid metabolism, gut functionality, inflammatory markers, anthropometry and urine metabolomics were assessed. Results 50 participants completed both periods with a whole grain intake of 179±50 g/day and 13±10 g/day in the whole grain and refined grain period, respectively. Compliance was confirmed by a difference in plasma alkylresorcinols (p<0.0001). Compared with refined grain, whole grain did not significantly alter glucose homeostasis and did not induce major changes in the faecal microbiome. Also, breath hydrogen levels, plasma short-chain fatty acids, intestinal integrity and intestinal transit time were not affected. The whole grain diet did, however, compared with the refined grain diet, decrease body weight (p<0.0001), serum inflammatory markers, interleukin (IL)-6 (p=0.009) and C-reactive protein (p=0.003). The reduction in body weight was consistent with a reduction in energy intake, and IL-6 reduction was associated with the amount of whole grain consumed, in particular with intake of rye. Conclusion C ompared with refined grain diet, whole grain diet did not alter insulin sensitivity and gut microbiome but reduced body weight and systemic lowgrade inflammation.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (85)
forskningsöversikt (4)
konferensbidrag (3)
samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (1)
konstnärligt arbete (1)
rapport (1)
visa fler...
annan publikation (1)
visa färre...
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (89)
övrigt vetenskapligt (4)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (2)
Nielsen, Rasmus (31)
Willerslev, Eske (20)
Nielsen, Jens B, 196 ... (16)
Ågren, Rasmus, 1982 (14)
Gilbert, M. Thomas P ... (11)
Orlando, Ludovic (10)
visa fler...
Metspalu, Mait (8)
Rasmussen, Morten (7)
Sicheritz-Ponten, Th ... (7)
Jakobsson, Mattias (6)
Villems, Richard (6)
Nookaew, Intawat, 19 ... (6)
Waldo, Staffan (5)
Hoff, Ayoe (5)
Campos, Paula F (5)
Eriksson, Anders (4)
Mardinoglu, Adil, 19 ... (4)
Velasco, Sergio, 198 ... (4)
Gupta, Ramneek (4)
Kristiansen, Karsten (4)
Hofreiter, Michael (4)
Metspalu, Ene (4)
Skoglund, Pontus (4)
Wang, Jun (4)
Cappellini, Enrico (4)
Uhlén, Mathias (3)
Karlsson, Jón, 1953 (3)
Khusnutdinova, Elza (3)
Michelsen, Anders (3)
Kristiansen, Kristia ... (3)
Meldgaard, Morten (3)
Elberling, Bo (3)
Verhagen, Evert (3)
Kampf, Caroline (3)
Hammarlund, Cecilia (3)
Asplund, Anna (3)
Werge, Thomas (3)
Xue, Yali (3)
Grau, Stefan (3)
Tyler-Smith, Chris (3)
Shapiro, Beth (3)
Lorenzen, Eline D. (3)
Licht, Rasmus W (3)
Balanovsky, Oleg (3)
Froslev Nielsen, Jen ... (3)
Allentoft, Morten E. (3)
Brunak, Soren (3)
Seguin-Orlando, Anda ... (3)
Balloux, Francois (3)
Stafford, Thomas W., ... (3)
visa färre...
Uppsala universitet (23)
Lunds universitet (23)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (19)
Göteborgs universitet (16)
Karolinska Institutet (7)
Umeå universitet (6)
visa fler...
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (6)
Stockholms universitet (5)
Linköpings universitet (5)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (2)
Örebro universitet (2)
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (2)
Linnéuniversitetet (2)
Högskolan i Halmstad (1)
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (1)
visa färre...
Engelska (95)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Naturvetenskap (40)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (33)
Lantbruksvetenskap (8)
Samhällsvetenskap (8)
Humaniora (5)
Teknik (3)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy