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Sökning: WFRF:(Norring Claes)

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1.
  • De Man Lapidoth, Joakim, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Psychometric properties of the Eating Disorders in Obesity questionnaire : Validating against the Eating Disorder Examination interview
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Eating and Weight Disorders. - : Editrice Kurtis s.r.l.. - 1124-4909 .- 1590-1262. ; 12:4, s. 168-175
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Inconclusive results of how weight-loss treatment (WLT) results are affected by participants' eating disorders and/or binge eating are partly due to the variation caused by the multitude of assessment instruments used. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a short DSM-IV-based assessment instrument designed to be used specifically in WLT settings, the Eating Disorders in Obesity (EDO) questionnaire. Participants were 97 patients seeking WLT at four surgical and one non-surgical clinics. Participants were assessed by the EDO and the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) interview . The validity and reliability of the EDO was measured as concordance with the EDE, and test-retest agreement of the EDO, respectively. Validity as well as reliability was found to be good for both eating disorders diagnoses and binge eating as a distinct symptom. Results suggest that the EDO is a short, easily administered instrument with good psychometric properties which makes it a suitable, economical method of assessing eating disorders and binge eating in clinical WLT settings. ©2007, Editrice Kurtis.
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2.
  • Wallin, Gisela van der Ster, et al. (författare)
  • Food selection in anorectics and bulimics : Food items, nutrient content and nutrient density
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Nutrition (Print). - 0731-5724 .- 1541-1087. ; 14:3, s. 271-277
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The food selection and nutrient intake were investigated in women with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and controls. Methods Dietary data was obtained by 24-hour recall, and 7-day recording among eating disordered patients, and by 3-day registration among controls. Results: The intake of energy and nutrients differed from controls, as expected, while there were no differences between anorectics and bulimics in this respect, except for iron. There were only minor differences among the three groups studied with respect to nutrient density. Energy percentages of protein, fat, and carbohydrates, were similar in all groups, but a subdivision of the macronutrients into respective sources showed that bulimics had a lower relative and absolute intake of carbohydrates from bread and cereals than anorectics and controls. Conclusion: Eating disorder patients, despite their marginal food intake, still met the minimum requirement for most nutrients according to the Nordic Nutrient recommendations. Abbreviations: AN = anorexia nervosa, AN/BN = anorectic bulimics, BMI = body mass index, BN = bulimia nervosa, DSM-III-R = Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ED = eating disorder, NNR = Nordic Nutrient Recommendation
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3.
  • Birgegård, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Anorexic self-control and bulimic self-hate : differential outcome prediction from initial self-image
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Eating Disorders. - 0276-3478 .- 1098-108X. ; 42:6, s. 522-530
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE:: The study investigated initial self-image (structural analysis of social behavior) and its relation to 36-month outcome, among patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Hypotheses were that degree of different aspects of self-image would predict outcome in the groups. METHOD:: Participants were 52 patients with anorexia and 91 with bulimia from a longitudinal naturalistic database, and outcome measures included eating disorder and psychiatric symptoms and a general outcome index. Stepwise regression was used to investigate which self-image variables were related to outcome, and multiple regression contrasted the groups directly on each obtained predictor. RESULTS:: Consistent with hypotheses, in bulimia degree of self-hate/self-love moderately predicted outcome, whereas self-control-related variables powerfully predicted outcome in anorexia. CONCLUSION:: It is important to focus on self-image in the treatment of both diagnostic groups, but especially in anorexia nervosa, where control-submission interactions between patient and therapist should be handled with care.
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5.
  • Björk, Tabita, et al. (författare)
  • The impact of different outcome measures on estimates of remission in a 3-year follow-up of eating disorders
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European eating disorders review. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 1072-4133 .- 1099-0968. ; 19:1, s. 2-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To examine the impact of using different outcome measures on estimates of remission rates in eating disorders (ED).Method: Adult ED patients (n = 334) included in a naturalistic, longitudinal project were assessed 3 years after intake. Remission was operationally defined using six different measures of outcome. Pairwise analyses of agreement between outcome measures were also calculated.Results: Remission rates for the entire group varied considerably from 24.3 to 77.8% depending on how remission was defined and who made the assessment (experts or patients). Outcome measures performed differently depending on diagnosis, and agreement between measures varied from none to very good.Conclusion: The impact of different definitions of outcome on remission estimates is considerable. There is a need to validate different estimates of remission by examining them in relation to multiple domains of outcome over time and by critically examining their relative merits both empirically and clinically.
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6.
  • Björk, Tabita, et al. (författare)
  • What happened to the ones who dropped out? Outcome in eating disorder patients who complete or prematurely terminate treatment
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European eating disorders review. - 1072-4133 .- 1099-0968. ; 17:2, s. 109-119
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of knowledge about the outcome of eating disorder patients who terminate treatment prematurely. The present study followed-up eating disorder patients who had previously dropped out of treatment and examined clinical status 36 months after intake. METHOD: Dropouts (n = 30) were compared with treatment completers (n = 52) on diagnostic status, clinical symptoms, psychosocial adjustment and treatment satisfaction at follow-up. Patterns of change from intake to follow-up within groups, as well as between groups, were explored. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between groups at follow-up, except for more treatment dissatisfaction reported among dropouts. When patterns of change were examined between groups, patients who completed treatment were found to have made significantly greater changes (less eating disorder symptoms, less psychological problems and more positive self-image) compared to dropouts. DISCUSSION: Although no significant differences in outcome were found between dropouts and completers, greater clinical improvement was found among those who completed treatment. The dropouts examined in this study did well despite premature termination of treatment. Clinical and research implications are discussed.
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7.
  • de Man Lapidoth, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • A comparison of eating disorders among patients receiving surgical vs non-surgical weight-loss treatments
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Obesity Surgery. - Berlin : Springer. - 0960-8923 .- 1708-0428. ; 18:6, s. 715-720
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Little is known about differences between patients in surgical and non-surgical weight-loss treatments (WLT) regarding eating disorders, level of general psychopathology, and health-related quality of life (HRQL). Such differences could indicate different clinical needs in the management of surgical compared to non-surgical WLT patients. METHODS: Participants were a subset of 100 patients from a Swedish study investigating the long-term effects of eating disorders in WLT. Participants filled out the Eating Disorders in Obesity Questionnaire as well as self-rating questionnaires of general psychopathology and HRQL before initiating surgical (n = 54) or non-surgical (n = 46) WLT. RESULTS: Eating disorders were found to be more common among patients accepted for surgical treatments, whereas binge eating (as a symptom) was found to be equally common in both groups. Surgical patients also indicated higher levels of psychopathology compared to those receiving non-surgical treatment. CONCLUSION: Patients in surgical WLT are younger, more obese, and indicate higher levels of eating disorders and psychopathology than non-surgical WLT patients. Results highlight the importance of surgical WLT units having adequate knowledge, resources, and methods for detecting and addressing issues of eating disorders and psychopathology before and during the WLT. Future longitudinal studies need to ascertain to what extent eating and general psychopathology influence the outcome of WLT in terms of lapses, complications, weight gain, quality of life, etc.
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8.
  • de Man Lapidoth, Joakim, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Binge eating in surgical weight-loss treatments : long-term associations with weight loss, health related quality of life (HRQL), and psychopathology
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Eating and Weight Disorders. - : Editrice Kurtis S R L. - 1124-4909 .- 1590-1262. ; 16:4, s. E263-E269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Studies that have investigated the relationship between binge eating and the long-term outcome of bariatric surgery have shown mixed results. Does binge eating affect long-term BMI, health-related quality of life (HRQL), or psychopathology after surgery?METHODS: We assessed 173 bariatric patients before and three years after weight loss surgery with regard to weight, binge eating, HRQL, and psychopathology.RESULTS: Binge eating before and after weight loss surgery was unrelated to long-term BMI outcome. Binge eating after weight loss surgery was associated with more psychopathology and lower HRQL.CONCLUSIONS: Binge eating before or after weight loss surgery does not predict long-term BMI outcome. Therefore, exclusions from surgery for this reason alone are difficult to motivate. However, results show that binge eating after weight loss surgery is common and is associated with more psychopathology and lower HRQL, which might increase the vulnerability for future weight regain and complications beyond the follow-up period of the present study. The high rate of binge eating after surgery and its negative association with HRQL and psychopathology suggest that we need to be observant of the occurrence and potential effects of binge eating in the context of bariatric surgery.
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9.
  • de Man Lapidoth, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • Eating disorders and disordered eating among patients seeking non-surgical weight-loss treatment in Sweden
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Eating Behaviors. - 1471-0153 .- 1873-7358. ; 7:1, s. 15-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this cross-sectional descriptive study of 194 Swedish men and women seeking non-surgical weight-loss treatment was to investigate the presence of eating disorders and binge eating symptoms and to compare these two groups of patients with a group without eating disorder- or binge eating symptoms. The groups were compared in regard to co-morbid psychopathology, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) and anthropometric data. Of the total sample, 9.8% fulfilled criteria for any eating disorder. An additional 7.2% indicated binge eating symptoms without having an eating disorder. The three groups were significantly different in regard to psychopathology scales and most HRQL items. Eating disorders and binge eating symptoms are common among patients seeking non-surgical weight-loss treatments in Sweden and both groups showed elevated levels of co-morbid psychopathology and lower HRQL compared to patients without disordered eating. These findings point to the importance of assessing the full range of eating disorder symptoms and disorders as well as HRQL and co-morbid psychopathology before weight-loss treatment, as these factors might affect treatment outcome.
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10.
  • Gustafsson, Sanna Aila, et al. (författare)
  • How to deal with sociocultural pressures in daily life : reflections of adolescent girls suffering from eating disorders
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. - : Dove Medical Press Ltd. - 1178-2390 .- 1178-2390. ; 18:4, s. 103-110
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Adolescent girls with eating disorders experience unattainable and contradictory expectations in daily life, which create stress and negatively affect their self-evaluation. Disordered eating may function as a way of seeking control and consistency. In order to make progress in the understanding of eating disorders, the aim of this study was to describe how adolescent girls with eating disorders reflect upon ways of dealing with sociocultural pressures in daily life. Eighteen interviews with girls aged 15-19 years were analyzed using a phenomenographic approach. The results were summarized into three conceptions: "Striving to be oneself " (conception A) was described as the most desirable, but also the hardest. "Adapting to various situations" (conception B) was used without much reflection, as long as it worked, but when this way of dealing with everyday expectations was unsuccessful it was evaluated negatively. "Presenting oneself in a positive light" (conception C) was described negatively even when it was successful. Within these conceptions, the participants described various strategies that could be used more or less effectively depending on the circumstances. A common theme was their difficulties in finding a balance between trying harder to live up to perceived expectations from others on one hand, and trying to accept the situation as it was, without trying to change themselves or the situation, on the other hand. The participants believed that their eating disorder was partly a result of being unable to deal with sociocultural pressures in an effective way, and they experienced a conflict between societal values of being assertive and values of being interpersonally oriented. Implications for treatment are discussed.
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