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Sökning: WFRF:(Ohman Magnus)

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1.
  • Alexander, Karen P., et al. (författare)
  • Effects of Ranolazine on Angina and Quality of Life After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Incomplete Revascularization Results From the Ranolazine for Incomplete Vessel Revascularization (RIVER-PCI) Trial
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - 0009-7322 .- 1524-4539. ; 133:1, s. 39-47
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Angina often persists or returns in populations following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We hypothesized that ranolazine would be effective in reducing angina and improving quality of life (QOL) in incomplete revascularization (ICR) post-PCI patients. Methods and Results In RIVER-PCI, 2604 patients with a history of chronic angina who had ICR post-PCI were randomized 1:1 to oral ranolazine versus placebo; QOL analyses included 2389 randomized subjects. Angina and QOL questionnaires were collected at baseline and months 1, 6, and 12. Ranolazine patients were more likely than placebo to discontinue study drug by month 6 (20.4% versus 14.1%, P<0.001) and 12 (27.2% versus 21.3%, P<0.001). Following qualifying index PCI, the primary QOL outcome (Seattle Angina Questionnaire [SAQ] angina frequency score) improved markedly, but similarly, in the ranolazine and placebo groups, respectively, from baseline (67.324.5 versus 69.724.0, P=0.01) to month 1 (86.6 +/- 18.1 versus 85.8 +/- 18.5, P=0.27) and month 12 (88.4 +/- 17.8 versus 88.5 +/- 17.8, P=0.94). SAQ angina frequency repeated measures did not differ in adjusted analysis between groups post baseline (mean difference 1.0; 95% CI -0.2, 2.2; P=0.11). Improvement in SAQ angina frequency was observed with ranolazine at month 6 among diabetics (mean difference 3.3; 95% CI 0.6, 6.1; P=0.02) and those with more angina (baseline SAQ angina frequency 60; mean difference 3.4; 95% CI 0.6, 6.2; P=0.02), but was not maintained at month 12. Conclusions Despite ICR following PCI, there was no incremental benefit in angina or QOL measures by adding ranolazine in this angiographically-identified population. These measures markedly improved within 1 month of PCI and persisted up to 1 year in both treatment arms. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01442038.
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2.
  • Alfredsson, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • Predicting the risk of bleeding during dual antiplatelet therapy after acute coronary syndromes
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Heart. - : BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP. - 1355-6037 .- 1468-201X. ; 103:15, s. 1168-1176
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin + a P2Y12 inhibitor is recommended for at least 12 months for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), with shorter durations considered for patients with increased bleeding risk. However, there are no decision support tools available to predict an individual patients bleeding risk during DAPT treatment in the post-ACS setting. Methods To develop a longitudinal bleeding risk prediction model, we analysed 9240 patients with unstable angina/non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) from the Targeted Platelet Inhibition to Clarify the Optimal Strategy to Medically Manage Acute Coronary Syndromes (TRILOGY ACS) trial, who were managed without revascularisation and treated with DAPT for a median of 14.8 months. Results We identified 10 significant baseline predictors of non-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)-related Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Arteries (GUSTO) severe/life-threatening/moderate bleeding: age, sex, weight, NSTEMI (vs unstable angina), angiography performed before randomisation, prior peptic ulcer disease, creatinine, systolic blood pressure, haemoglobin and treatment with beta-blocker. The five significant baseline predictors of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major or minor bleeding included age, sex, angiography performed before randomisation, creatinine and haemoglobin. The models showed good predictive accuracy with Therneaus C-indices: 0.78 (SE=0.024) for the GUSTO model and 0.67 (SE=0.023) for the TIMI model. Internal validation with bootstrapping gave similar C-indices of 0.77 and 0.65, respectively. External validation demonstrated an attenuated C-index for the GUSTO model (0.69) but not the TIMI model (0.68). Conclusions Longitudinal bleeding risks during treatment with DAPT in patients with ACS can be reliably predicted using selected baseline characteristics. The TRILOGY ACS bleeding models can inform riskbenefit considerations regarding the duration of DAPT following ACS.
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  • Bassand, Jean-Pierre, et al. (författare)
  • Guía de Práctica Clínica para el diagnóstico y tratamiento del síndrome coronario agudo sin elevación del segmento ST
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Revista Española de Cardiología. - 0300-8932 .- 1579-2242. ; 60:10, s. 1070-1080
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • El contenido de estas Guías de Práctica Clínica de la Sociedad Europea de Cardiología (ESC) ha sido publicado para uso exclusivamente personal y educativo. No está autorizado su uso comercial. No se permite la traducción o reproducción en ningún formato de las Guías de la ESC ni de ninguna de sus partes sin un permiso escrito de la ESC. El permiso puede obtenerse enviando una solicitud por escrito a Oxford University Press, la editorial del European Heart Journal, y parte autorizada para gestionar esos permisos en representación de la ESC.  
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  • Chan, Mark Y., et al. (författare)
  • Temporal biomarker profiling reveals longitudinal changes in risk of death or myocardial infarction in Non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : American Association for Clinical Chemistry. - 0009-9147. ; 63:7, s. 1214-1226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data on whether changes in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentrations between time points (delta NT-proBNP and hs-CRP) are associated with a change in prognosis. METHODS: We measured NT-proBNP and hs-CRP at 3 time points in 1665 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). Cox proportional hazards was applied to the delta between temporal measurements to determine the continuous association with cardiovascular events. Effect estimates for delta NT-proBNP and hs-CRP are presented per 40% increase as the basic unit of temporal change. RESULTS: Median NT-proBNP was 370.0 (25th, 75th percentiles, 130.0, 996.0), 340.0 (135.0, 875.0), and 267.0 (111.0, 684.0) ng/L; and median hs-CRP was 4.6 (1.7, 13.1), 1.9 (0.8, 4.5), and 1.8 (0.8, 4.4) mg/L at baseline, 30 days, and 6 months, respectively. The deltas between baseline and 6 months were the most prognostically informative. Every 40% increase of delta NTproBNP (baseline to 6 months) was associated with a 14% greater risk of cardiovascular death (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.14, 95% CI, 1.03-1.27) and with a 14% greater risk of all-cause death (adjusted HR 1.14, 95% CI, 1.04 -1.26), while every 40% increase of delta hs- CRP (baseline to 6 months) was associated with a 9% greater risk of the composite end point (adjusted HR 1.09, 95% CI, 1.02-1.17) and a 10% greater risk of myocardial infarction (adjusted HR 1.10, 95%, CI 1.00 -1.20). CONCLUSIONS: Temporal changes in NT-proBNP and hs-CRP are quantitatively associated with future cardiovascular events, supporting their role in dynamic risk stratification of NSTEACS.
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  • Cornel, Jan H., et al. (författare)
  • Relationship of Platelet Reactivity With Bleeding Outcomes During Long-Term Treatment With Dual Antiplatelet Therapy For Medically Managed Patients With Non-St-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Heart Association. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 2047-9980. ; 5:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background--The relationship between "on-treatment" low platelet reactivity and longitudinal risks of major bleeding dual antiplatelet therapy following acute coronary syndromes remains uncertain, especially for patients who do not undergo percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods and Results--We analyzed 2428medicallymanaged acute coronary syndromes patients fromthe Targeted Platelet Inhibition to Clarify the Optimal Strategy to Medically Manage Acute Coronary Syndromes (TRILOGY ACS) trial who had serial platelet reactivity measurements (P2Y12 reaction units; PRUs) and were randomized to aspirin+prasugrel versus aspirin+clopidogrel for up to 30 months. Contal's method was used to determine whether a cut point for steady-state PRU values could distinguish high versus low bleeding risk using 2-level composites: Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) severe/life-threatening or moderate bleeding unrelated to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and non-CABG Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major orminor bleeding. Exploratory analyses used 3-level composites that incorporatedmild andminimalGUSTOand TIMI events.Continuousmeasures of PRUs (per 10-unit decrease)were not independently associatedwith the 2-levelGUSTO (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.01; 95% CI, 0.96-1.06) or TIMI composites (1.02; 0.98-1.07). Furthermore, no PRU cut point could significantly distinguish bleeding risk using the 2-level composites.However, the PRUcut point of 75 differentiated bleeding riskwith the 3-level composites ofGUSTO(26.5% vs 12.6%; adjusted HR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.77-2.94; P<0.001) and TIMI bleeding events (25.9% vs 12.2%; adjusted HR, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.78-2.97; P<0.001). Conclusions--Among medically managed non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes patients receiving prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy, PRU values were not significantly associated with the long-term risk of major bleeding events, suggesting that low on-treatment platelet reactivity does not independently predict serious bleeding risk.
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  • Fanaroff, Alexander C., et al. (författare)
  • Antithrombotic agents for secondary prevention after acute coronary syndromes : A systematic review and network meta-analysis
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - : ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD. - 0167-5273 .- 1874-1754. ; 241, s. 87-96
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Nine oral antithrombotic medications currently available in the United States and Europe have been studied in clinical trials for secondary prevention of cardiac events following acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Few combinations of these medications have been directly compared, and studies have used multiple different comparator regimens.Methods: We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating one or more available oral antithrombotic therapies in patients with ACS or prior myocardial infarction (MI). Co-primary outcomes were all-cause and cardiovascular mortality compared with imputed placebo and aspirin monotherapy.Results: Forty-seven studies (196,057 subjects) met inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review. Almost all studies tested either aspirin monotherapy compared with placebo or a combination of antithrombotic agents that included aspirin. Nearly all regimens reduced all-cause and cardiovascular mortality compared with imputed placebo. However, compared with imputed aspirin monotherapy, only combination therapy with aspirin plus ticagrelor was associated with lower cardiovascular mortality (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.68-0.93), and triple therapy with aspirin, clopidogrel, and very low dose rivaroxaban was associated with lower all-cause mortality (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.49-0.90). Major bleeding was increased 45-95% with dual antithrombotic therapy, and 2-6-fold with triple therapy.Conclusion: Few combinations of antithrombotic therapy were associated with a reduction inmortality compared with aspirin monotherapy, highlighting the difficulty in clinical interpretation of composite ischemic endpoints. Future studies may need to focus on limiting the number of antithrombotic therapies tested in combination to best balance ischemic event reduction and bleeding.
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10.
  • Fanaroff, Alexander C., et al. (författare)
  • Ranolazine After Incomplete Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization in Patients With Versus Without Diabetes Mellitus : RIVER-PCI Trial
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 69:18, s. 2304-2313
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND Chronic angina is more common in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) with poor glucose control. Ranolazine both treats chronic angina and improves glucose control.OBJECTIVES This study sought to examine ranolazine's antianginal effect in relation to glucose control.METHODS The authors performed a secondary analysis of the RIVER-PCI (Ranolazine in Patients with Incomplete Revascularization after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) trial, a clinical trial in which 2,604 patients with chronic angina and incomplete revascularization following percutaneous coronary intervention were randomized to ranolazine versus placebo. Mixed-effects models were used to compare the effects of ranolazine versus placebo on glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) at 6- and 12-month follow-up. Interaction between baseline HbA(1c) and ranolazine's effect on Seattle Angina Questionnaire angina frequency at 6 and 12 months was tested.RESULTS Overall, 961 patients (36.9%) had DM at baseline. Compared with placebo, ranolazine significantly decreased HbA(1c) by 0.42 +/- 0.08% (adjusted mean difference +/- SE) and 0.44 +/- 0.08% from baseline to 6 and 12 months, respectively, in DM patients, and by 0.19 +/- 0.02% and 0.20 +/- 0.02% at 6 and 12 months, respectively, in non-DM patients. Compared with placebo, ranolazine significantly reduced Seattle Angina Questionnaire angina frequency at 6 months among DM patients but not at 12 months. The reductions in angina frequency were numerically greater among patients with baseline HbA(1c) >= 7.5% than those with HbA(1c) <7.5% (interaction p = 0.07).CONCLUSIONS In patients with DM and chronic angina with incomplete revascularization after percutaneous coronary intervention, ranolazine's effect on glucose control and angina at 6 months was proportionate to baseline HbA(1c), but the effect on angina dissipated by 12 months.
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