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Sökning: WFRF:(Owens Walton C)

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  • 2021
  • swepub:Mat__t
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  • Glasbey, JC, et al. (författare)
  • 2021
  • swepub:Mat__t
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  • 2021
  • swepub:Mat__t
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  • Tabiri, S, et al. (författare)
  • 2021
  • swepub:Mat__t
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  • Owens-Walton, Conor, et al. (författare)
  • Increased functional connectivity of thalamic subdivisions in patients with Parkinson’s disease
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science (PLoS). - 1932-6203. ; 14:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Parkinson’s disease (PD) affects 2–3% of the population over the age of 65 with loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra impacting the functioning of basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits. The precise role played by the thalamus is unknown, despite its critical role in the functioning of the cerebral cortex, and the abnormal neuronal activity of the structure in PD. Our objective was to more clearly elucidate how functional connectivity and morphology of the thalamus are impacted in PD (n = 32) compared to Controls (n = 20). To investigate functional connectivity of the thalamus we subdivided the structure into two important regions-of-interest, the first with putative connections to the motor cortices and the second with putative connections to prefrontal cortices. We then investigated potential differences in the size and shape of the thalamus in PD, and how morphology and functional connectivity relate to clinical variables. Our data demonstrate that PD is associated with increases in functional connectivity between motor subdivisions of the thalamus and the supplementary motor area, and between prefrontal thalamic subdivisions and nuclei of the basal ganglia, anterior and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices, as well as the anterior and paracingulate gyri. These results suggest that PD is associated with increased functional connectivity of subdivisions of the thalamus which may be indicative alterations to basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuitry.
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  • Owens-Walton, Conor, et al. (författare)
  • Midsagittal corpus callosal thickness and cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Neuroscience. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0953-816X. ; 55:7, s. 1859-1872
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • People diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD) can experience significant neuropsychiatric symptoms, including cognitive impairment and dementia, the neuroanatomical substrates of which are not fully characterised. Symptoms associated with cognitive impairment and dementia in PD may relate to direct structural changes to the corpus callosum via primary white matter pathology or as a secondary outcome due to the degeneration of cortical regions. Using magnetic resonance imaging, the corpus callosum can be investigated at the midsagittal plane, where it converges to a contiguous mass and is not intertwined with other tracts. The objective of this project was thus twofold: First, we investigated possible changes in the thickness of the midsagittal callosum and cortex in patients with PD with varying levels of cognitive impairment; and secondly, we investigated the relationship between the thickness of the midsagittal corpus callosum and the thickness of the cortex. Study participants included cognitively unimpaired PD participants (n = 35), PD participants with mild cognitive impairment (n = 22), PD participants with dementia (n = 17) and healthy controls (n = 27). We found thinning of the callosum in PD-related dementia compared with PD-related mild cognitive impairment and cognitively unimpaired PD participants. Regression analyses found thickness of the left medial orbitofrontal cortex to be positively correlated with thickness of the anterior callosum in PD-related mild cognitive impairment. This study suggests that a midsagittal thickness model can uncover changes to the corpus callosum in PD-related dementia, which occur in line with changes to the cortex in this advanced disease stage.
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  • Owens-Walton, Conor, et al. (författare)
  • Striatal changes in Parkinson disease : An investigation of morphology, functional connectivity and their relationship to clinical symptoms
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Psychiatry Research - Neuroimaging. - : Elsevier. - 0925-4927. ; 275, s. 5-13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We sought to investigate morphological and resting state functional connectivity changes to the striatal nuclei in Parkinson disease (PD) and examine whether changes were associated with measures of clinical function. Striatal nuclei were manually segmented on 3T-T1 weighted MRI scans of 74 PD participants and 27 control subjects, quantitatively analysed for volume, shape and also functional connectivity using functional MRI data. Bilateral caudate nuclei and putamen volumes were significantly reduced in the PD cohort compared to controls. When looking at left and right hemispheres, the PD cohort had significantly smaller left caudate nucleus and right putamen volumes compared to controls. A significant correlation was found between greater atrophy of the caudate nucleus and poorer cognitive function, and between greater atrophy of the putamen and more severe motor symptoms. Resting-state functional MRI analysis revealed altered functional connectivity of the striatal structures in the PD group. This research demonstrates that PD involves atrophic changes to the caudate nucleus and putamen that are linked to clinical dysfunction. Our work reveals important information about a key structure-function relationship in the brain and provides support for caudate nucleus and putamen atrophy as neuroimaging biomeasures in PD.
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