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Sökning: WFRF:(Patti Giuseppe)

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  • Patti, Giuseppe, et al. (författare)
  • Clustering of blood cell count abnormalities and future risk of death
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Clinical Investigation. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0014-2972.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The identification of novel predictors of poor outcome may help stratify cardiovascular risk. Aim was to evaluate the individual contribution of blood cell count parameters, as well as their clustering, on the risk of death and cardiovascular events over the long term in the population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer Study cohort.METHODS: In 30,447 individuals (age 57 ± 8 years), we assessed the incidence of all-cause death (primary endpoint) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, secondary outcome measure) according to absence or presence of one, two and three factors at baseline out of the following: anaemia, leukocytosis and thrombocytosis. Median follow-up was 16 years.RESULTS: The percentages of all-cause death were 19.5% in individuals without factors, 21.3% in those with one factor, 27.4% with two and 46.4% with three (log-rank test P < .001). The crude incidence of MACE was 28.0%, 29.2%, 35.5% and 57.1%, respectively (log-rank test P < .001). At multivariate analysis, we found a stepwise increase in overall mortality with increasing number of prevalent factors (one factor: HR 1.23, 95% CI 1.14-1.31, P < .001; two factors: 1.61, 1.37-1.89, P < .001; three factors: 2.69, 1.44-5.01, P = .002, vs no factor). Similar findings were observed for the incidence of MACE (one factor: adjusted HR 1.18, 95% CI 1.11-1.24, P < .001; two factors: 1.52, 1.33-1.76, P < .001; three factors: 2.03, 1.21-3.67, P < .001, vs no factor).CONCLUSIONS: The easily assessable clustering of anaemia, leukocytosis and thrombocytosis heralds higher incidence of death and adverse cardiovascular events.
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  • Patti, Giuseppe, et al. (författare)
  • Platelet Indices and Risk of Death and Cardiovascular Events : Results from a Large Population-Based Cohort Study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - : Schattauer GmbH. - 0340-6245. ; 119:11, s. 1773-1784
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Studies evaluating the relationship between platelet indices and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes yielded conflicting results. We assessed the incidence of adverse events according to baseline quintiles of platelet indices in the prospective cohort of the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study. A total of 30,314 individuals (age 57 ± 8 years) were followed for a median of 16 years (468,490 person-years). Outcome measures included all-cause death, CV death, myocardial infarction (MI), and ischemic stroke. The fifth quintile of platelet count (> 274.6 × 109/L) was associated with higher incidence of all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR] 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-1.32, p < 0.001), CV death (HR 1.19, 95% CI 1.00-1.42; p = 0.044), MI (HR 1.32, 95% CI 1.12-1.54; p = 0.001), and ischemic stroke (HR 1.27, 95% CI 1.08-1.50, p = 0.004) compared with the first quintile (≤ 185 × 109/L), and also associated with a lower survival, regardless of previous history of MI (p for interaction = 0.58) or stroke (p for interaction = 0.42). In the highest quintile, history of stroke had a higher risk of CV death (HR 3.18, 95% CI 1.54-6.54) compared with no previous stroke (HR 1.12, 95% CI 0.96-1.31). The risk of MI and stroke was greatest in the fifth quintile, regardless of previous MI or previous stroke, respectively. The risk of all adverse events was similar across different quintiles of mean platelet volume. In conclusion, elevated platelet count is associated with higher mortality and risk of CV events, regardless of previous MI and stroke. Platelet count may thus be a useful marker for further stratification of CV risk, and especially of death.
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  • De Caterina, Raffaele, et al. (författare)
  • Heterogeneity of diabetes as a risk factor for major adverse cardiovascular events in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation : an analysis of the ARISTOTLE trial.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy. - 2055-6837 .- 2055-6845.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: Whether diabetes without insulin therapy is an independent cardiovascular (CV) risk factor in atrial fibrillation (AF) has recently been questioned. We investigated the prognostic relevance of diabetes with or without insulin treatment in patients in the ARISTOTLE trial.METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with AF and increased stroke risk randomized to apixaban vs. warfarin were classified according to diabetes status: no diabetes; diabetes on no diabetes medications; diabetes on non-insulin antidiabetic drugs only; or insulin-treated. The associations between such patient subgroups and stroke/systemic embolism (SE), myocardial infarction (MI), and CV death were examined by Cox proportional hazard regression, both unadjusted and adjusted for other prognostic variables. Patients with diabetes were younger and had a higher body mass index. Median CHA2DS2VASc score was 4.0 in patients with diabetes and 3.0 in patients without diabetes. We found no significant difference in stroke/SE incidence across patient subgroups. Compared with no diabetes, only insulin-treated diabetes was significantly associated with higher risk. When adjusted for clinical variables, compared with no diabetes, the hazard ratios (HRs) for MI (95% confidence intervals) were for diabetes on no medication: 1.15 (0.62-2.14); for diabetes on non-insulin antidiabetic drugs: 1.32 (0.90-1.94); for insulin-treated diabetes: 2.34 (1.43-3.82); interaction P = 0.008. HRs for CV death were for diabetes on no medication: 1.19 (0.86-166); for diabetes on non-insulin antidiabetic drugs: 1.12 (0.88-1.42); for insulin-treated diabetes 1.85 (1.36-2.53), interaction P = 0.001.CONCLUSION: In anticoagulated patients with AF, a higher risk of MI and CV death is largely confined to diabetes treated with insulin.
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  • Patti, Giuseppe, et al. (författare)
  • Net Clinical Benefit of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist vs Vitamin K Antagonist Anticoagulants in Elderly Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Medicine. - : Elsevier. - 0002-9343. ; 132:6, s. 5-757
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The risks of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic events in patients with atrial fibrillation both increase with age; therefore, net clinical benefit analyses of anticoagulant treatments in the elderly population are crucial to guide treatment. We evaluated the 1-year clinical outcomes with non-vitamin-K antagonist and vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs vs VKAs) in elderly (≥75 years) patients with atrial fibrillation in a prospective registry setting. Methods: Data on 3825 elderly patients were pooled from the PREFER in AF and PREFER in AF PROLONGATION registries. The primary outcome was the incidence of the net composite endpoint, including major bleeding and ischemic cardiovascular events on NOACs (n = 1556) compared with VKAs (n = 2269). Results: The rates of the net composite endpoint were 6.6%/year with NOACs vs 9.1%/year with VKAs (odds ratio [OR] 0.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51-0.99; P =.042). NOAC therapy was associated with a lower rate of major bleeding compared with VKA use (OR 0.58; 95% CI, 0.38-0.90; P =.013). Ischemic events were nominally reduced too (OR 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51-1.00; P =.050). Major bleeding with NOACs was numerically lower in higher-risk patients with low body mass index (BMI; OR 0.50; 95% CI, 0.22-1.12; P =.07) or with age ≥85 years (OR 0.44; 95% CI, 0.13-1.49; P =.17). Conclusions: Our real-world data indicate that, compared with VKAs, NOAC use is associated with a better net clinical benefit in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation, primarily due to lower rates of major bleeding. Major bleeding with NOACs was numerically lower also in higher-risk patients with low BMI or age ≥85 years.
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7.
  • Patti, Giuseppe, et al. (författare)
  • The co-predictive value of a cardiovascular score for CV outcomes in diabetic patients with no atrial fibrillation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 1520-7560. ; 35:5, s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Risk factors included in the cardiovascular (CHA2DS2‐VASc) score, currently used for atrial fibrillation (AF), may predispose to cardiovascular events whether or not AF is present. The aim was to explore the predictive role of CHA2DS2‐VASc score on cardiovascular outcomes in diabetic patients without AF. Methods We accessed individual data from 610 diabetic patients without AF at baseline included in the prospective cohort of the Malmö Diet and Cancer study. Main outcome measure was the occurrence of cardiovascular events (stroke, coronary events) and death. Mean follow‐up was 14.5 ± 5 years (8845 person/years). Results The CHA2DS2‐VASc score significantly predicted the risk of all outcome measures. There was a significant increase in stroke, coronary events, and death risk by each point of CHA2DS2‐VASc score elevation [stroke: adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.43, 95% CI 1.14‐1.79, P = 0.001; coronary events: aHR 1.55, 95% CI 1.34‐1.80, P < 0.0001; death: aHR 1.94, 95% CI 1.71‐2.21, P < 0.0001]. A CHA2DS2‐VASc score ≥4 was associated with higher incidence of ischemic stroke (aHR 1.47, 95% CI 1.18‐1.82; P = 0.001), coronary events (aHR 1.32; 95% CI 1.11‐1.58; P = 0.002), and death (aHR 1.36; 95% CI 1.20‐1.54; P < 0.001). Conclusions In this population‐based study on diabetic patients without AF, the CHA2DS2‐VASc score was an independent predictor of ischemic stroke, coronary events, and overall mortality. Regardless of the AF status, the CHA2DS2‐VASc score might represent a rapid and user‐friendly tool for clinical assessment of diabetic patients at higher cardiovascular risk.
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8.
  • Patti, Giuseppe, et al. (författare)
  • Thromboembolic and bleeding risk in obese patients with atrial fibrillation according to different anticoagulation strategies
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - : Elsevier. - 0167-5273. ; 318, s. 67-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Data on the relationship between body mass index (BMI), thromboembolic events (TEE) and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are controversial, and further evidence on the risk of such events in obese patients with AF receiving different anticoagulant therapies (OAC) is needed. Methods and results: We divided a total of 9330 participants from the prospective PREFER in AF and PREFER in AF PROLONGATION registries into BMI quartiles at baseline. Outcome measures were TEE and major bleeding complications at the 1-year follow-up. Without OAC, there was a ≥6-fold increase of TEE in the 4th vs other BMI quartiles (P =.019). OAC equalized the rates of TEE across different BMI strata. The occurrence of major bleeding was highest in patients with BMI in the 1st as well as in the 4th BMI quartile [OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.03–2.78, P =.039 and OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.13–3.04, P =.014 vs those in the 3rd quartile, respectively]. At propensity score-adjusted analysis, the incidence of TEE and major bleeding in obese patients receiving non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) or vitamin K-antagonist anticoagulants (VKAs) was similar (P ≥.34). Conclusions: Our real-world data suggest no obesity paradox for TEE in patients with AF. Obese patients are at higher risk of TEE, and here OAC dramatically reduces the risk of events. We here found a comparable clinical outcome with NOACs and VKAs in obese patients. Low body weight and obesity were also associated with bleeding, and therefore OAC with the best safety profile should be considered in this setting.
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9.
  • Renda, Giulia, et al. (författare)
  • CHA2DS2VASc score and adverse outcomes in middle-aged individuals without atrial fibrillation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. - : Oxford University Press. - 2047-4881. ; 26:18, s. 1987-1997
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: The CHA2DS2VASc score is used to evaluate the risk of thromboembolic events in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. We assessed the prognostic yield of CHA2DS2VASc for new-onset atrial fibrillation, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a non-atrial fibrillation population.METHODS: We analysed a population-based cohort of 22,179 middle-aged individuals with (n = 3542) and without (n = 18,367) a history of atrial fibrillation; we grouped the population into five CHA2DS2VASc strata (0-1-2-3-≥4), and compared the risk of major adverse cerebro-cardiovascular events and mortality. Furthermore, we analysed the annual incidence of atrial fibrillation across different CHA2DS2VASc strata.RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 15 years, 1572 patients (6.9%) had ischaemic strokes, 2162 (9.5%) coronary events and 5899 (26%) died. The cumulative incidence of ischaemic stroke in CHA2DS2VASc ≥ 4 subjects without atrial fibrillation was similar to patients with atrial fibrillation and CHA2DS2VASc 2, with a 10-year crude incidence rate of 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.68-1.19) and 1.13 (95% CI 0.93-1.36) ischaemic strokes per 100 patient-years, respectively. CHA2DS2VASc in a non-atrial fibrillation population showed higher predictive accuracy for ischaemic stroke compared with an atrial fibrillation population (area under the curve 0.60 vs. 0.56; P = 0.001). In multivariable Cox regression analysis, CHA2DS2VASc ≥ 2 was an independent predictor of all-cause death (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 2.58; 95% CI 2.42-2.76), cardiovascular death (aHR 3.40; 95% CI 2.98-3.89), ischaemic stroke (aHR 2.20; 95% CI 1.92-2.53) and coronary events (aHR 1.83; 95% CI 1.63-2.04). The cumulative incidence of atrial fibrillation was greater with increasing CHA2DS2VASc strata, with an absolute annual incidence of more than 2% per year if CHA2DS2VASc ≥ 4.CONCLUSION: The CHA2DS2VASc score is a sensitive tool for predicting new-onset atrial fibrillation and adverse outcomes in subjects both with and without atrial fibrillation.
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10.
  • Renda, Giulia, et al. (författare)
  • Predictors of Mortality and Cardiovascular Outcome at 6 Months after Hospitalization for COVID-19
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine. - : MDPI AG. - 2077-0383. ; 11:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Clinical outcome data of patients discharged after Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are limited and no study has evaluated predictors of cardiovascular prognosis in this setting. Our aim was to assess short-term mortality and cardiovascular outcome after hospitalization for COVID-19. A prospective cohort of 296 consecutive patients discharged after COVID-19 from two Italian institutions during the first wave of the pandemic and followed up to 6 months was included. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. The co-primary endpoint was the incidence of the composite outcome of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE: cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, pulmonary embolism, acute heart failure, or hospitalization for cardiovascular causes). The mean follow-up duration was 6 ± 2 months. The incidence of all-cause death was 4.7%. At multivariate analysis, age was the only independent predictor of mortality (aHR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01–1.16). MACCE occurred in 7.2% of patients. After adjustment, female sex (aHR 2.6, 95% CI 1.05–6.52), in-hospital acute heart failure during index hospitalization (aHR 3.45, 95% CI 1.19–10), and prevalent atrial fibrillation (aHR 3.05, 95% CI 1.13–8.24) significantly predicted the incident risk of MACCE. These findings may help to identify patients for whom a closer and more accurate surveillance after discharge for COVID-19 should be considered.
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