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Sökning: WFRF:(Pavlovic Aleksandra)

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  • Lorenzano, Svetlana, et al. (författare)
  • SiPP (Stroke in Pregnancy and Postpartum) : A prospective, observational, international, multicentre study on pathophysiological mechanisms, clinical profile, management and outcome of cerebrovascular diseases in pregnant and postpartum women
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Stroke Journal. - : SAGE Publications. - 2396-9873. ; 5:2, s. 193-203
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rationale: Cerebrovascular diseases associated with pregnancy and postpartum period are uncommon; however, they can have an important impact on health of both women and foetus or newborn. Aims: To evaluate the frequency, characteristics and management of cerebrovascular events in pregnant/postpartum women, to clarify pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the occurrence of these events including biomolecular aspects, and to assess the short- and long-term cerebrovascular and global cardiovascular outcome of these patients, their predictors and infant outcome. Methods and design: This is an observational, prospective, multicentre, international case–control study. The study will include patients with cerebrovascular events during pregnancy and/or within six months after delivery. For each included case, two controls will be prospectively recruited: one pregnant or puerperal subject without any history of cerebrovascular event and one non-pregnant or non-puerperal subject with a recent cerebrovascular event. All controls will be matched by age, ethnicity and type of cerebrovascular event with their assigned cases. The pregnant controls will be matched also by pregnancy weeks/trimester. Follow-up will last 24 months for the mother and 12 months for the infant. Summary: To better understand causes and outcomes of uncommon conditions like pregnancy/postpartum-related cerebrovascular events, the development of multisite, multidisciplinary registry-based studies, such as the Stroke in Pregnancy and Postpartum study, is needed in order to collect an adequate number of patients, draw reliable conclusions and give definite recommendations on their management.
  • Mattsson, C. Mikael, et al. (författare)
  • Informing women’s cardiovascular health through genomic analysis of extreme endurance athletes
  • 2015
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cardiovascular health exists as a spectrum of wellness and disease states. We hypothesize that interrogating the tail ends of the distribution for individuals with extreme phenotypes, such as high VO2max in endurance athletes, will inform prevention, cause and treatment of pathogenic conditions. Mounting literature suggests that the physiological path to athletic performance is different among males and females. Traits with published sexual dichotomy include lactate threshold, efficiency, heat management, and fat metabolism. To define the genetic roots of this dichotomy, we propose to investigate sex-specific genetic determinants of VO2max among elite endurance athletes. We have recruited 36 female (VO2max>63 ml/kg; >99.99th percentile) and 129 male (>75 ml/kg) elite athletes (n=167) who have been consented and undergone enhanced whole exome sequencing. Even with differential eligibility, skewed recruitment (1:3.5) is a challenge. We will recruit a total of 100 female and 156 male elite athletes, and analyze these 256 exomes for burden of rare genetic variation that may impact sex-specific determinants of VO2max. We will combine these data with an additional 1850 samples of elite athletes to evaluate for common variants that have sex-specific effects on VO2max. Lastly, we will do a sex specific genetic cohort comparison of endurance athletes with existing collections of cardiovascular disease patients. Our preliminary results show tantalizing evidence for several highly plausible sex specific genes, including androgen receptor (AR) and FTO. The AR is the target of several known performance enhancing drugs, such as testosterone. FTO is associated with numerous aspects of body composition, energy management and even some evidence for age of menarche. While already promising, rigorous analysis, increased sample size and orthogonal replication is required as our next step.
  • Sandset, Else Charlotte, et al. (författare)
  • Women in the European Stroke Organisation : One, two, many… – A Top Down and Bottom Up approach
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Stroke Journal. - : SAGE Publications. - 2396-9873. ; 4:3, s. 247-253
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: An increasing proportion of physicians are women, yet they still face challenges with career advancement. In 2014, the European Stroke Organisation established the goal of increasing the number and participation of women within the society using a Top Down and Bottom Up approach. The ‘Women’s Initiative for Stroke in Europe’ was created the same year by a group of women active within the organisation. We aimed to assess the current status of women in European Stroke Organisation, and to explore the change in sex differences after the introduction of focused approaches to address disparities in 2014. Methods: Using organisational records, we collected data on sex differences in core activities from 2008 up to 2017 including membership, participation in conferences, courses and in the official journal of the society, and positions of seniority and leadership. We estimated sex distribution differences in each of the activities from 2014 to date. Results: In 2017, the proportion of female members was 40%, while 24% of fellows, 22% of the executive board and 19% of the editorial board in the official journal of the society were women. From 2014 to 2017, there was a significant increase in the proportion of female members (p = 0.0002) and in women participating in the annual conference as faculty (p = 0.001). There was no significant change in the sex distribution among the faculty members in junior educational activities (≤27%) or fellows. Interpretation: In 2017, the proportion of women holding positions of seniority and leadership is still significantly lower to the proportion of women attending educational activities. Transparent data on sex distribution will assist implementing tailored programmes to achieve progress against sex-based barriers.
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