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Sökning: WFRF:(Perren Fabienne)

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  • Lorenzano, Svetlana, et al. (författare)
  • SiPP (Stroke in Pregnancy and Postpartum) : A prospective, observational, international, multicentre study on pathophysiological mechanisms, clinical profile, management and outcome of cerebrovascular diseases in pregnant and postpartum women
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Stroke Journal. - : SAGE Publications. - 2396-9873 .- 2396-9881. ; 5:2, s. 193-203
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rationale: Cerebrovascular diseases associated with pregnancy and postpartum period are uncommon; however, they can have an important impact on health of both women and foetus or newborn. Aims: To evaluate the frequency, characteristics and management of cerebrovascular events in pregnant/postpartum women, to clarify pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the occurrence of these events including biomolecular aspects, and to assess the short- and long-term cerebrovascular and global cardiovascular outcome of these patients, their predictors and infant outcome. Methods and design: This is an observational, prospective, multicentre, international case–control study. The study will include patients with cerebrovascular events during pregnancy and/or within six months after delivery. For each included case, two controls will be prospectively recruited: one pregnant or puerperal subject without any history of cerebrovascular event and one non-pregnant or non-puerperal subject with a recent cerebrovascular event. All controls will be matched by age, ethnicity and type of cerebrovascular event with their assigned cases. The pregnant controls will be matched also by pregnancy weeks/trimester. Follow-up will last 24 months for the mother and 12 months for the infant. Summary: To better understand causes and outcomes of uncommon conditions like pregnancy/postpartum-related cerebrovascular events, the development of multisite, multidisciplinary registry-based studies, such as the Stroke in Pregnancy and Postpartum study, is needed in order to collect an adequate number of patients, draw reliable conclusions and give definite recommendations on their management.
  • Kremer, Christine, et al. (författare)
  • Dissociation of severity of stroke and aphasia recovery early after intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator thrombolysis.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. - : Elsevier. - 1532-2653. ; 21:10, s. 1828-1830
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Clinical observation suggested to us that aphasia recovers relatively better than other deficits early after intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV-rtPA) treatment in stroke patients with minor deficits, while the reverse seemed the case in those with severe deficits. Retrospective analysis of acute ischemic stroke patients with aphasia admitted within 3hours from symptom onset and treated with IV-rtPA was carried out. Stroke severity, aphasia and global neurological impairment were assessed at admission and 24hours after thrombolysis. Improvement of aphasia (gain of ⩾1 point on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] aphasia score) and global neurological improvement (gain of ⩾4 points on the NIHSS) were compared in minor strokes (NIHSS ⩽7), moderate strokes (NIHSS 8-15), and major strokes (NIH ⩾16). Sixty-nine of 243 stroke patients suffered from aphasia. Improvement of aphasia occurred in 7/16 minor strokes, 11/25 moderate strokes, and 7/28 severe strokes. Improvement of ⩾4 points on the NIHSS occurred in 3/16 minor strokes, 17/25 moderate strokes and 15/28 severe strokes. There is a significant (X(2)=4.073, p<0.05) dissociation of recovery of aphasia and that of other neurological deficits between minor versus severe strokes. This confirms the clinically suspected dissociation between a good early recovery from aphasia in minor strokes relative to recovery of other neurological deficits, as opposed to a better recovery from other neurological deficits than from aphasia in patients with severe strokes.
  • Kremer, Christine, et al. (författare)
  • Prognosis of aphasia in stroke patients early after iv thrombolysis.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery. - : Elsevier. - 1872-6968. ; 115:3, s. 289-292
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Stroke patients with aphasia have a high long-term morbidity. Intravenous rt-PA (iv) thrombolysis is given more deliberately to these patients. Early outcome data is lacking. Aim of this study was to determine early benefit from rt-PA in patients with aphasia. METHODS: Data of stroke patients treated by iv thrombolysis was scrutinized for the presence of aphasia defined as ≥1 point for aphasia on the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Improvement was defined as a gain of ≥1 point within 24h. Cranial computed tomography (CT) scans were evaluated regarding early ischemic changes (EICs), infarct volume and localization. RESULTS: Fifty patients with aphasia were included. 16 (32%) of patients improved (4 (36%) minor, 7 (41%) moderate, 5 (23%) major stroke patients), while 44 (62%) remained unchanged. Of 28 patients with EICs, 10 (36%) improved compared to 7 out of 22 (32%) patients without (p=0.773). Aphasia outcome was significantly associated with infarct volume at admission and at 24h (Kruskal-Wallis, p=0.033, p≤0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: EICs are not predictive of aphasia outcome and patients with improvement showed smaller infarct volumes. One third improved within 24h, while two thirds remained unchanged. This might justify a closer follow-up of aphasia in stroke patients at the acute stage.
  • Perren, Fabienne, et al. (författare)
  • Detection of Right-to-Left Cardiac Shunt in the Absence of Transcranial Acoustic Bone.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1552-6569.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Paradoxical thrombotic embolism via right-to-left cardiac shunt (RLS) is a risk factor of cryptogenic ischemic stroke. Transtemporal Doppler (TTD) is a valid method used in the detection of patent foramen ovale (PFO). Temporal acoustic bone windows are missing with increasing age and in some younger subjects. We studied prospectively whether Doppler ultrasound of the cervical arteries (submandibular internal carotid artery [ICA] and vertebral artery [VA]) is an alternative, when compared to TTD, in the detection and quantification of PFO.
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