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Sökning: WFRF:(Pomp Stephan 1968 )

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  • Al-Adili, Ali, et al. (författare)
  • Neutron-multiplicity experiments for enhanced fission modelling
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: EPJ Web of Conferences. - 9782759890200
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The nuclear de-excitation process of fission fragments (FF) provides fundamental information for the understanding of nuclear fission and nuclear structure in neutron-rich isotopes. The variation of the prompt-neutron multiplicity, ν(A), as a function of the incident neutron energy (En) is one of many open questions. It leads to significantly different treatments in various fission models and implies that experimental data are analyzed based on contradicting assumptions. One critical question is whether the additional excitation energy (Eexc) is manifested through an increase of ν(A) for all fragments or for the heavy ones only. A systematic investigation of ν(A) as a function of En has been initiated. Correlations between prompt-fission neutrons and fission fragments are obtained by using liquid scintillators in conjunction with a Frisch-grid ionization chamber. The proof-of-principle has been achieved on the reaction 235U(nth,f) at the Van De Graff (VdG) accelerator of the JRC-Geel using a fully digital data acquisition system. Neutrons from 252Cf(sf) were measured separately to quantify the neutron-scattering component due to surrounding shielding material and to determine the intrinsic detector efficiency. Prelimenary results on ν(A) and spectrum in correlation with FF properties are presented.
  • Al-Adili, Ali, et al. (författare)
  • Studying fission neutrons with 2E-2v and 2E
  • 2018
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This work aims at measuring prompt-fission neutrons at different excitation energies of the nucleus. Two independent techniques, the 2E-2v and the 2E techniques, are used to map the characteristics of the mass-dependent prompt fission neutron multiplicity, 7(A), when the excitation energy is increased. The VERDI 2E-2v spectrometer is being developed at JRC-GEEL. The Fission Fragment (FF) energies are measured using two arrays of 16 silicon (Si) detectors each. The FFs velocities are obtained by time-of-flight, measured between micro-channel plates (MCP) and Si detectors. With MCPs placed on both sides of the fission source, VERDI allows for independent timing measurements for both fragments. Cf-252(sf) was measured and the present results revealed particular features of the 2E-2v technique. Dedicated simulations were also performed using the GEF code to study important aspects of the 2E-2v technique. Our simulations show that prompt neutron emission has a non-negligible impact on the deduced fragment data and affects also the shape of 17(A). Geometrical constraints lead to a total-kinetic energy-dependent detection efficiency. The 2E technique utilizes an ionization chamber together with two liquid scintillator detectors. Two measurements have been performed, one of Cf-252(sf) and another one of thermal-neutron induced fission in U-235(n,f). Results from Cf-252(sf) are reported here.
  • Jansson, Kaj, 1987-, et al. (författare)
  • The impact of neutron emission on correlated fission data from the 2E-2v method
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal A. - : Springer New York LLC. - 1434-6001 .- 1434-601X. ; 54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The double-energy double-velocity (2E-2v) method allows assessing fission-fragment mass yields prior to and after prompt neutron emission with high resolution. It is, therefore, considered as a complementary technique to assess average prompt neutron multiplicity as a function of fragment properties. We have studied the intrinsic features of the 2E-2v method by means of event-wise generated fission-fragment data and found short-comings in the method itself as well as in some common practices of application. We find that the 2E-2v method leads to large deviations in the correlation between the prompt neutron multiplicity and pre-neutron mass, which deforms and exaggerates the so-called “sawtooth” shape of nubar(A). We have identified the treatment of prompt neutron emission from the fragments as the origin of the problem. The intrinsic nature of this deficiency risks to render 2E-2v experiments less interesting. We suggest a method to correct 2E-2v data that can even be applied on existing measurements.
  • Jansson, Kaj, 1987-, et al. (författare)
  • The new double energy-velocity spectrometer VERDI
  • 2017
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • VERDI (VElocity foR Direct particle Identification) is a fission-fragment spectrometer recently put into operation at JRC-Geel. It allows measuring the kinetic energy and velocity of both fission fragments simultaneously. The velocity provides information about the pre-neutron mass of each fission fragment when isotropic prompt-neutron emission from the fragments is assumed. The kinetic energy, in combination with the velocity, provides the post-neutron mass. From the difference between pre- and post-neutron masses, the number of neutrons emitted by each fragment can be determined. Multiplicity as a function of fragment mass and total kinetic energy is one important ingredient, essential for understanding the sharing of excitation energy between fission fragments at scission, and may be used to benchmark nuclear de-excitation models. The VERDI spectrometer design is a compromise between geometrical efficiency and mass resolution. The spectrometer consists of an electron detector located close to the target and two arrays of silicon detectors, each located 50 cm away from the target. In the present configuration pre-neutron and post-neutron mass distributions are in good agreement with reference data were obtained. Our latest measurements performed with spontaneously fissioning 252Cf is presented along with the developed calibration procedure to obtain pulse height defect and plasma delay time corrections.
  • Al-Adili, Ali, et al. (författare)
  • Prompt fission neutron yields in thermal fission of U-235 and spontaneous fission of Cf-252
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C. - : American Physical Society (APS). - 2469-9985 .- 2469-9993. ; 102:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The sharing of excitation energy between the fission fragments is one of the key issues in studying nuclear fission. One way to address this is by studying prompt-fission neutron multiplicities as a function of other fission observables such as the mass, (nu) over bar (A). These are vital benchmark data for both fission and nuclear deexcitation models, putting constrains on the fragment excitation energy and hence on the competing prompt neutron/gamma-ray emission. Despite numerous detailed studies, recent measurements done at JRC-Geel with the SCINTIA array in the epithermal region show surprisingly strong discrepancies to earlier thermal fission data and the Wahl systematics. Purpose: The purpose was to perform measurements of the prompt-fission neutron multiplicity, as a function of fragment mass and total kinetic energy (TKE), in U-235(n(th), f) and Cf-252(sf), to verify and extend the SCINTIA results. Another goal was to validate the analysis methods, and prepare for planned investigations at excitation energies up to 5.5 MeV. Methods: The experiments were conducted at the former 7 MV Van de Graaff facility in JRC-Geel, using a Twin Frisch-Grid Ionization Chamber and two liquid scintillation detectors. A neutron beam with an average energy of 0.5 MeV was produced via the Li-7(p,n) reaction. The neutrons were thermalized by a 12 cm thick block of paraffin. Digital data acquisition systems were utilized. Comprehensive simulations were performed to verify the methodology and to investigate the role of the mass and energy resolution on measured (nu) over bar (A) and (nu) over bar (TKE) values. The simulation results also revealed that the partial derivative(nu) over bar/partial derivative A and partial derivative(TKE) over bar/partial derivative(nu) over bar are affected by the mass and energy resolution. However, the effect is small for the estimated resolutions of this work. Detailed Fluka simulations were performed to calculate the fraction of thermal neutron-induced fission, which was estimated to be about 98%. Results: The experimental results on (nu) over bar (A) are in good agreement with earlier data for Cf-252(sf). For U-235(n(th), f), the (nu) over bar (A) data is very similar to the data obtained with SCINTIA, and therefore we verify these disclosed discrepancies to earlier thermal data and to the Wahl evaluation. The experimental results on (nu) over bar (TKE) are also in agreement with the data at epithermal energies. For Cf-252(sf) a slope value of partial derivative(TKE) over bar/partial derivative(nu) over bar = (-12.9 f 0.2) MeV/n was obtained. For U-235(n(th), f) the value is (-12.0 +/- 0.1) MeV/n. Finally, the neutron spectrum in the center-of-mass system was derived and plotted as a function of fragment mass. Conclusions: This work clearly proves the lack of accurate correlation between fission fragment and neutron data even in the best-studied reactions. The new results highlight the need of a new evaluation of the prompt-fission multiplicity for U-225(n(th), f).
  • Fission Product Yields Data Current status and perspectives : Summary report of an IAEA Technical meeting
  • 2016
  • Proceedings (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • A Technical Meeting on Fission Product Yields Data: current status and perspectives, was held from 23 to 26 May 2016, at the IAEA, Vienna. The purpose of the meeting was to review the current status of Fission Product Yield data, and discuss the progress in measurements, theories, evaluation and covariances. The presentations, technical discussions and recommendations of the meeting are given in detail in this summary report.
  • Gao, Zhihao, et al. (författare)
  • Benchmark of a multi-physics Monte Carlo simulation of an ionguide for neutron-induced fission products
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal. - : Springer Nature. - 1286-0042 .- 1286-0050. ; 58:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To enhance the production of medium-heavy,neutron-rich nuclei, and to facilitate measurements of independentyields of neutron-induced fission, a proton-toneutronconverter and a dedicated ion guide for neutroninducedfission have been developed for the IGISOL facilityat the University of Jyväskylä. The ion guide holds thefissionable targets, and the fission products emerging fromthe targets are collected in helium gas and transported to thedownstream experimental stations.Acomputer model, basedon a combination of MCNPX for modeling the neutron production,the fission code GEF, and GEANT4 for the transportof the fission products, was developed. The model willbe used to improve the setup with respect to the productionand collection of fission products. In this paper we benchmarkthe model by comparing simulations to a measurementin which fission products were implanted in foils located atdifferent positions in the ion guide. In addition, the productsfrom neutron activation in the titanium foil and the uraniumtargets are studied. The result suggests that the neutron fluxat the high-energy part of the neutron spectrum is overestimatedby approximately 40%.However, the transportation offission products in the uranium targets agrees with the experimentwithin 10%. Furthermore, the simulated transportationof fission products in the helium gas achieves almost perfectagreement with the measurement. Hence, we conclude thatthe model, after correction for the neutron flux, is well suitedfor optimization studies of future ion guide designs.
  • Gao, Zhihao, et al. (författare)
  • Fission studies at IGISOL/JYFLTRAP : Simulations of the ion guide for neutron-induced fission and comparison with experimental data
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ND 2019. - 9782759891061
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • For the production of exotic nuclei at the IGISOL facility, an ion guide for neutron-induced fission has been developed and tested in experiments. Fission fragments are produced inside the ion guide and collected using a helium buffer gas. Meanwhile, a GEANT4 model has been developed to simulate the transportation and stopping of the charged fission products. In a recent measurement of neutron-induced fission yields, implantation foils were located at different positions in the ion guide. The gamma spectra from these foils and the fission targets are compared to the results from the GEANT4 simulation.In order to allow fission yield measurements in the low yield regions, towards the tails and in the symmetric part of the mass distribution, the stopping and extraction efficiency of the ion guide has to be significantly improved. This objective can be achieved by increasing the size while introducing electric field guidance using a combination of static electrodes and an RF-carpet. To this end, the GEANT4 model is used to optimise the design of such an ion guide.
  • Gustavsson, Cecilia, Dr, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Citizen science in radiation research
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ND 2019. - 9782759891061
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A growing trend in science is that research institutions reach out to members of the public for participating in research. The reasons for outreach are many, spanning from the desire to collect and/or analyse large sets of data efficiently, to the idea of including the general public on a very fundamental level in science-making and ultimately decision-making. The presented project is curriculum-based and carried out in 240 lower secondary school classes (pupils of age 13-16). The task, as designed by the participating universities, is to collect mushrooms, soil and animal droppings from different parts of Sweden, do preliminary sample preparation and analyses and send the samples to the university institutions for radioactivity measurement. Behind the project is a desire to compare today’s levels of 137Cs with those deposited right after the Chernobyl accident in 1986, but also to study the exchange of caesium between organisms as well as the impacts of biological and geological processes on uptake and retention. The scientific outcome is a geodatabase with the 137Cs activity (Bq/m2) present in the Swedish environment, where radioactivity data can be linked to the species (fungi, competing species, animals foraging), forest type, land type, land use and other environmental factors. The science question is of interest to the general public as foraging for mushrooms, as well as spending recreational time in forests is widely popular in Sweden. In this article, we will discuss the current status of the project and the observations we have made about how well the public can participate in scientific research. Focus will be on organization of the project, such as logistics, preparation of supportive material, feedback and communication between researchers and schools. We will present observations about the impact the project has had on the participants, based on quantitative and qualitative evaluations.
  • Hambsch, F. -J, et al. (författare)
  • Prompt Neutron Emission Correlations with Fission Fragment Properties
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Fission And Properties Of Neutron-Rich Nuclei. - : World Scientific. - 9789813229433 ; , s. 503-512
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The investigation of the dynamics of the nuclear fission process has been a standing research topic at the JRC-Geel during the past decades. Recently the focus was put on the de-excitation of fission fragments through the emission of prompt neutrons and gamma-rays. To this end new detector systems were developed at JRC-Geel, e.g. a position sensitive ionization chamber used in conjunction with the neutron scintillator array SCINTIA. The array has been tested using the spontaneous fission of Cf-252. The goal is to study correlations of fission fragments with prompt neutron emission in the resolved resonance region. No strong fluctuations of the average prompt neutron multiplicity for the strongest resonances in U-235 were observed. From the present data the mass-dependent neutron multiplicity, v(A), was generated. The v(A) distribution shows a more pronounced dip around the doubly magic mass A = 132 and at very low masses around A similar to 80 compared to the literature. In addition, a steeper slope for v(TKE) is observed. Cross checking with fragment data clearly shows a narrower mass and total kinetic energy (TKE) distribution. The 2E-2v spectrometer VERDI (VElocity foR Direct mass Identification) became operational. For Cf-252(sf) superior mass resolution is observed compared to a twin Frisch-grid ionization chamber. For post-neutron mass distributions still some issues need to be solved and v(A), being the difference of pre- and post-neutron mass distributions, is still deviating from literature data. Eventually, VERDI will provide a complementary measurement technique to assess v(A) and v(TKE). In addition, an experimental campaign to measure v(A) as a function of incident neutron energy for different actinides has been started. First tests show promising results.
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