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Sökning: WFRF:(Priebe Gunilla 1965)

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  • Ntoumi, Francine, et al. (författare)
  • Africanizing scientific knowledge: the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria as a model?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Malaria Journal. - 1475-2875. ; 9:Suppl 3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In November 2009, the fifth Pan African Malaria conference was held in Nairobi. Thirteen years after the founding initiative in Dakar, the first African Secretariat based in Africa (TANZANIA) organized this major event for the malaria community. Looking back, it has been a long way: changes in the research landscape, new funding opportunities came out and establishment of new partnerships between Europe, America and Africa. Goals identified in 1997 have not all been achieved because the critical mass of scientists has not been reached yet. However a new generation of African scientists have emerged through MIM/TDR funding and advocacy for more support remains on the agenda. Could it be rightly stated today that the MIM concept reflects the africanization of malaria research?
  • Manga, Edda, 1969, et al. (författare)
  • Hungerstrejkande palestinier vill ha ett liv nu
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Feministiskt perspektiv. - 2002-1542. ; :34, 140822
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Många palestinska asylsökande hamnar i ett juridiskt vacuum i Sverige då de varken avvisas eller får flyktingstatus och uppehållstillstånd. Migrationsverket anser inte att deras hemland är en "farlig" plats som meriterar till att bedömas som skyddsbehövande. Samtidigt är det på grund av ockupationen och situationen i närområdet omöjligt att verkställa avvisningar. Resultatet är att statslösa palestinier tvingas bo i Sverige utan civila rättigheter och möjligheter att studera, arbeta och delta på jämlika villkor i samhället, ibland i många år. Sedan drygt två veckor hungerstrejkar 38 palestinier i ett tältläger på Olof Palmes plats utanför Folkets hus i Göteborg i protest mot det undantagstillstånd de befinner sig i. I artikeln intervjuas några av de hungerstrejkande och de beskriver sin situation liksom syftet med hungerstrejken.
  • Manigoue Tchape, Odette Dorcas, et al. (författare)
  • Physiological and psychosocial stressors among hemodialysis patients in the Buea Regional Hospital, Cameroon
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PanAfrican Medical Journal. - 1937-8688. ; 30:May-August
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is an irreversible kidney condition and hemodialysis is the most frequent treatment option used for this condition. However, hemodialysis also has a detrimental impact on the quality of life and the individuals' physical and psychosocial wellbeing. The main objective of this study was to identify physiological and psychosocial stressors faced by patients undergoing hemodialysis in the Buea Regional Hospital in Cameroon. Methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out (December 2016 - January 2017) among patients undergoing hemodialysis at the Buea regional hospital. Data were collected with the use of a structured questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Quantitative variables were expressed as frequencies, percentages and means. Results: among the patients undergoing hemodialysis, 28 (70.0%) were below 5-year dialysis while 12 (30.0%) had been on dialysis for five years and more. 21(52.5%) were male and 19(47.5%) female. Half of the patients were married 20(50%), 13(32.5%) were single, 6(15%) were divorced, and one (2.5%) was a widower. Also, 28 (70.0%) were below 5-year dialysis while 12 (30.0%) had been on dialysis for five years and more. All participants experienced at least one or more physiological and psychosocial stressors. Among physiological stressors, the most frequent were feeling tired (97%), followed by arterial and venous stick (88%) while itching (49.5%) was the least noted physiological stressor. Among psycho-social stressors, the most recurrent were transportation to and from the hospital (99.5%), cost of treatment (99.5%) and Limits on time and place of vacation (99%), followed by Limitation in physical activities, frequent hospitalizations, the length of time on dialysis, uncertainty about the future, changes in life style, increased dependence and sleep disturbances. Conclusion: the topic of stressors is of importance among patients receiving dialysis, as these affect their psycho-social and physiological wellbeing. Thus, nephrologists, nurses and family members play an important role in providing patients with effective psycho-social and physiological support.
  • Nkrumah, Isaac, et al. (författare)
  • Barriers for nurses’ participation in and utilisation of clinical research in three hospitals within the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PanAfrican Medical Journal. - 1937-8688. ; 30:24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: scientific research results are a necessary base for high quality nursing practice. The level of implementation of research in the clinical setting, including nurses' participation in and knowledge of research results, have gained considerable attention internationally. However, the remarkable international increase of such studies does not apply to the Ghanaian context. We therefore set out to evaluate the degree of involvement of nurses in research, as well as their utilization patterns of research findings in Ghana. Objectives: the study sought to investigate the proportion of nurses involved in clinical research as well as barriers for nurses' participation and utilization of research findings, within the Kumasi Metropolis area, Ghana. Methods: a descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study design was used in this study. A 47 item questionnaire elicited data on 158 participants' demographics, the proportion and the barriers to participation, which was then analyzed using SSPS version 17 software. Qualitative interviews with key informants complemented quantitative survey data. In-depth interviews with nurse managers at the hospitals in focus was conducted and analyzed thematically. Results: the study shows that 36.1% of the nurses, included in the study, had participated in research and only 25.3% of these had (knowingly) used specific research results in clinical practice. However, the level of research participation differed greatly between nurses working at different hospitals. Nurses' participation in clinical research was shown to be associated with their perception of benefit of research to practice as well as their understanding of time as a factor for them engaging in reading scientific articles. In addition, barriers associated with nurses' integration of research findings into the daily practice was their perceived lack of support from the collegium and their perception of research as not part of the nursing role. Conclusion: findings from the study suggest that there is a need to create institutional support to facilitate and encourage nurses' participation in research, yet also to formalize nurses' continuous professional development. This, could change nurses' attitudes towards research, and contribute to improving health care as it would increase nurses' role as agents for evidence based clinical practice.
  • Nordling, Paula, 1979, et al. (författare)
  • Assessing work capacity - reviewing the what and how of physicians' clinical practice.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: BMC family practice. - 1471-2296. ; 21:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although a main task in the sickness certification process, physicians' clinical practice when assessing work capacity has not been thoroughly described. Increased knowledge on the matter is needed to better understand and support the certification process. In this review, we aimed to synthesise existing qualitative evidence to provide a clearer description of the assessment of work capacity as practiced by physicians.Seven electronic databases were searched systematically for qualitative studies examining what and how physicians do when they assess work capacity. Data was analysed and integrated using thematic synthesis. Twelve articles were included. Results show that physicians seek to form a knowledge base including understanding the condition, the patient and the patient's workplace. They consider both medical and non-medical aspects to affect work capacity. To acquire and process the information they use various skills, methods and resources. Medical competence is an important basis, but not enough. Time, trust, intuition and reasoning are also used to assess the patient's claims and to translate the findings into a final assessment. The depth and focus of the information seeking and processing vary depending on several factors. The assessment of work capacity is a complex task where physicians rely on their non-medical skills to a higher degree than in ordinary clinical work. These skills are highly relevant but need to be complemented with access to appropriate resources such as understanding of the associations between health, work and social security, enough time in daily work for the assessment and ways to better understand the patient's work place. Also, the notion of an "objective" evaluation is questioned, calling for a greater appreciation of the complexity of the assessment and the role of professional judgement.
  • Priebe, Gunilla, 1965, et al. (författare)
  • Arts and health
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Culture and health: a wider horizon / Ola Sigurdson (ed.) ; translation: Rosemary Nordström. - Göteborg : Department of Literature, History of Ideas, and Religion, University of Gothenburg. - 9789188348630 ; , s. 55-90
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The field of Arts and Health is part of the broader field of Culture and Health. The orientation of the field is practical and methodological and it translates and examines the idea that the arts can have a healing effect and promote well-being. This chapter is an analytical introduction to the Arts and Health field. The hope is that it will engage and intrigue and lead the reader to explore further, for example via the extensive reference list. We also present a few concepts that can create an understanding of the field - beyond the isolated examples we discuss. The chapter is into three sections, which gradually elevate the analytical level. In the first, 'The arts as health-promoting link between body and mind', we present examples of how people in the Arts and Health field justify their activities. In the second section of the chapter, 'From spiritual inspiration to measurable health outcomes', we present a model, the Arts and Health Diamond, which illustrates the various aims in relation to which Arts and Health projects are usually designed. The chapter ends with the section 'Arts and Health between science and society', in which we analyze a few fundamental questions about the nature of science, art and social benefit. Arts and Health may be seen as incorporated in a multifaceted 'boundary project' in which the boundaries of good science and art are negotiated. This boundary project has bearing far beyond the field of Arts and Health.
  • Priebe, Gunilla, 1965 (författare)
  • Att afrikanisera vetenskaplig kunskap: MIM och malariaforskningen i postkolonialt dilemma
  • 2010
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Priebe, Gunilla, Att afrikanisera vetenskaplig kunskap – MIM och malariaforskningen i postkolonialt dilemma [Africanising Scientific Knowledge – MIM and malaria re¬search in Postcolonial Dilemma]. Doctoral thesis in Swedish. Department of Phi¬losophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, 2010. ISBN 978-91-977196-6-7 The goal of this thesis is to analyse the concept of Africanisation in relation to the efforts of the international research alliance The Multilateral Initiative on Ma¬la¬ria (MIM), which since 1997 has promoted research on malaria and wor¬ked to strengthen research environments in Africa. When applied to academic know¬ledge production the concept of Africanisation entails two integrated themes: (1) the meaning of locality to researchers’ ability to represent a study object correctly and with relevance, and (2) the impact of continuing colonial logics on scientific knowledge production (in terms of epistemology and orga¬nisation of research). The thesis shows what the concept of Africanisation means in the case of MIM, and demonstrates its complexity – the many mate¬rial, social and political factors that it embraces and processes. Theoretical and methodological points of departure are Actor Network Theo¬ry (ANT), and such feminist and post-colonial perspectives that analyse colonialism’s influence on knowledge production and the researcher’s ability to authentically represent a study object. The thesis presents MIM’s historical de¬velopment (1995–2005): it shows the situation that led to the launch of MIM, what was thought to be achieved, actors’ negotiations over MIM’s focus and how ideas then materialised. It includes an in-depth study of one of MIM’s Pan-African conferences, where it is illustrated how actors negotiate about what justifies research, about what gives scientific knowledge its value and what the relationship between science and other societal institutions should look like. It discusses the meaning of the researcher’s different localities, and pre¬sents exam¬ples of the sort of scientific facts that the Africanisation of malaria research is claimed to result in. The study of MIM shows that the Africanisation of malaria research implies that scientific knowledge production should not be imagined as an auto¬nomous activity, but instead be formulated in cooperation with all the actors affected by scientific work – mainly those who produce knowledge and those who are affected by the disease and the socio-political consequences of the disease. It implies that social and political effects of different support activities should be evaluated in order to avoid the reproduction of colonial orders.
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