Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Renné Thomas) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Renné Thomas)

  • Resultat 1-9 av 9
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Ben Nasr, Abdelhakim, et al. (författare)
  • Absorption of kininogen from human plasma by Streptococcus pyogenes is followed by the release of bradykinin
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Biochemical Journal. - : Portland Press. - 0264-6021. ; 326:3, s. 657-660
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • H-kininogen (high-molecular-mass kininogen, HK) is the precursor of the vasoactive peptide hormone bradykinin (BK). Previous work has demonstrated that HK binds to Streptococcus pyogenes through M-proteins, fibrous surface proteins and important virulence factors of these bacteria. Here we find that M-protein-expressing bacteria absorb HK from human plasma. The HK bound to the bacteria was found to be cleaved, and analysis of the degradation pattern suggested that the cleavage of HK at the bacterial surface is associated with the release of BK. Moreover, addition of activated plasma prekallikrein to bacteria preincubated with human plasma, resulted in BK release. This mechanism, by which a potent vasoactive and proinflammatory peptide is generated at the site of infection, should influence the host-parasite relationship during S. pyogenes infections.
  • Dusart, Philip, et al. (författare)
  • A Systems-Based Map of Human Brain Cell-Type Enriched Genes and Malignancy-Associated Endothelial Changes
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cell reports. - : CELL PRESS. - 2211-1247 .- 2211-1247. ; 29:6, s. 1690-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Changes in the endothelium of the cerebral vasculature can contribute to inflammatory, thrombotic, and malignant disorders. The importance of defining cell-type-specific genes and their modification in disease is increasingly recognized. Here, we develop a bioinformatics-based approach to identify normal brain cell-enriched genes, using bulk RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data from 238 normal human cortex samples from 2 independent cohorts. We compare endothelial cell-enriched gene profiles with astrocyte, oligodendrocyte, neuron, and microglial cell profiles. Endothelial changes in malignant disease are explored using RNA-seq data from 516 lower-grade gliomas and 401 glioblastomas. Lower-grade gliomas appear to be an "endothelial intermediate'' between normal brain and glioblastoma. We apply our method for the prediction of glioblastoma-specific endothelial biomarkers, providing potential diagnostic or therapeutic targets. In summary, we provide a roadmap of endothelial cell identity in normal and malignant brain, using a method developed to resolve bulk RNA-seq into constituent cell-type-enriched profiles.
  • Iglesias, Maria Jesus, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of Endothelial Proteins in Plasma Associated With Cardiovascular Risk Factors
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology. - : Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). - 1079-5642 .- 1524-4636. ; 41:12, s. 2990-3004
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction is a well-established response to cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as smoking and obesity. Risk factor exposure can modify EC signaling and behavior, leading to arterial and venous disease development. Here, we aimed to identify biomarker panels for the assessment of EC dysfunction, which could be useful for risk stratification or to monitor treatment response. Approach and Results: We used affinity proteomics to identify EC proteins circulating in plasma that were associated with cardiovascular disease risk factor exposure. Two hundred sixteen proteins, which we previously predicted to be EC-enriched across vascular beds, were measured in plasma samples (N=1005) from the population-based SCAPIS (Swedish Cardiopulmonary Bioimage Study) pilot. Thirty-eight of these proteins were associated with body mass index, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, smoking, hypertension, or diabetes. Sex-specific analysis revealed that associations predominantly observed in female- or male-only samples were most frequently with the risk factors body mass index, or total cholesterol and smoking, respectively. We show a relationship between individual cardiovascular disease risk, calculated with the Framingham risk score, and the corresponding biomarker profiles. Conclusions: EC proteins in plasma could reflect vascular health status.
  • Kenne, Ellinor, et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophils engage the kallikrein-kinin system to open up the endothelial barrier in acute inflammation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. - : The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. - 1530-6860. ; 33:2, s. 2599-2609
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil recruitment and plasma exudation are key elements in the immune response to injury or infection. Activated neutrophils stimulate opening of the endothelial barrier; however, the underlying mechanisms have remained largely unknown. In this study, we identified a pivotal role of the proinflammatory kallikrein-kinin system and consequent formation of bradykinin in neutrophil-evoked vascular leak. In mouse and hamster models of acute inflammation, inhibitors of bradykinin generation, and signaling markedly reduced plasma exudation in response to chemoattractant activation of neutrophils. The neutrophil-driven leak was likewise suppressed in mice deficient in either the bradykinin B2 receptor or factor XII (initiator of the kallikrein-kinin system). In human endothelial cell monolayers, material secreted from activated neutrophils induced cytoskeletal rearrangement, leading to paracellular gap formation in a bradykinin-dependent manner. As a mechanistic basis, we found that a neutrophil-derived heparin-binding protein (HBP/azurocidin) displaced the bradykinin precursor high-molecular-weight kininogen from endothelial cells, thereby enabling proteolytic processing of kininogen into bradykinin by neutrophil and plasma proteases. These data provide novel insight into the signaling pathway by which neutrophils open up the endothelial barrier and identify the kallikrein-kinin system as a target for therapeutic interventions in acute inflammatory reactions.-Kenne, E., Rasmuson, J., Renné, T., Vieira, M. L., Müller-Esterl, W., Herwald, H., Lindbom, L. Neutrophils engage the kallikrein-kinin system to open up the endothelial barrier in acute inflammation.
  • Kilinç, E, et al. (författare)
  • Factor XII activation is essential to sustain the procoagulant effects of particulate matter
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - 1538-7933 .- 1538-7836. ; 9:7, s. 1359-1367
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Particulate matter (PM) is a key component of ambient air pollution and has been associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events and mortality. The underlying mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:  To study the mechanisms of PM-driven procoagulant activity in human plasma and to investigate mainly, the coagulation driven by ultrafine particles (UFPs; < 0.1 μm) in genetically modified mice. METHODS: Thrombin generation in response to PM of different sizes was assessed in normal human platelet-poor plasma, as well as in plasmas deficient in the intrinsic pathway proteases factors XII (FXII) or XI (FXI). In addition, UFPs were intratracheally instilled in wild-type (WT) and FXII-deficient (FXII(-/-) ) mice and plasma thrombin generation was analyzed in plasma from treated mice at 4 and 20 h post-exposure. RESULTS: In normal human plasma, thrombin generation was enhanced in the presence of PM, whereas PM-driven thrombin formation was completely abolished in FXII- and FXI-deficient plasma. UFPs induced a transient increase in tissue factor (TF)-driven thrombin formation at 4 h post-instillation in WT mice compared with saline instillation. Intratracheal instillation of UFPs resulted in a procoagulant response in WT mice plasma at 20 h, whereas it was entirely suppressed in FXII(-/-) mice. CONCLUSIONS:  Overall, the data suggest that PM promotes its early procoagulant actions mostly through the TF-driven extrinsic pathway of coagulation, whereas PM-driven long lasting thrombogenic effects are predominantly mediated via formation of activated FXII. Hence, FXII-driven thrombin formation may be relevant to an enhanced thrombotic susceptibility upon chronic exposure to PM in humans.
  • Nickel, Katrin F., et al. (författare)
  • The polyphosphate-factor XII pathway drives coagulation in prostate cancer-associated thrombosis
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Blood. - 0006-4971 .- 1528-0020. ; 126:11, s. 1379-1389
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cancer is a leading cause of thrombosis. We identify a new procoagulant mechanism that contributes to thromboembolism in prostate cancer and allows for safe anticoagulation therapy development. Prostate cancer-mediated procoagulant activity was reduced in plasma in the absence of factor XII or its substrate of the intrinsic coagulation pathway factor XI. Prostate cancer cells and secreted prostasomes expose long chain polyphosphate on their surface that colocalized with active factor XII and initiated coagulation in a factor XII-dependent manner. Polyphosphate content correlated with the procoagulant activity of prostasomes. Inherited deficiency in factor XI or XII or high-molecular-weight kininogen, but not plasma kallikrein, protected mice from prostasome-induced lethal pulmonary embolism. Targeting polyphosphate or factor XII conferred resistance to prostate cancer-driven thrombosis in mice, without increasing bleeding. Inhibition of factor XII with recombinant 3F7 antibody reduced the increased prostasome-mediated procoagulant activity in patient plasma. The data illustrate a critical role for polyphosphate/factor XII-triggered coagulation in prostate cancer-associated thrombosis with implications for anticoagulation without therapy-associated bleeding in malignancies.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-9 av 9

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy