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Sökning: WFRF:(Rudel T)

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  • Ruuth, M., et al. (författare)
  • Susceptibility of low-density lipoprotein particles to aggregate depends on particle lipidome, ismodifiable, and associates with future cardiovascular deaths
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 39:27, s. 2562-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles cause atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) through their retention, modification, and accumulation within the arterial intima. High plasma concentrations of LDL drive this disease, but LDL quality may also contribute. Here, we focused on the intrinsic propensity of LDL to aggregate upon modification. We examined whether inter-individual differences in this quality are linked with LDL lipid composition and coronary artery disease (CAD) death, and basic mechanisms for plaque growth and destabilization. Methods and results We developed a novel, reproducible method to assess the susceptibility of LDL particles to aggregate during lipolysis induced ex vivo by human recombinant secretory sphingomyelinase. Among patients with an established CAD, we found that the presence of aggregation-prone LDL was predictive of future cardiovascular deaths, independently of conventional risk factors. Aggregation-prone LDL contained more sphingolipids and less phosphatidylcholines than did aggregation-resistant LDL. Three interventions in animal models to rationally alter LDL composition lowered its susceptibility to aggregate and slowed atherosclerosis. Similar compositional changes induced in humans by PCSK9 inhibition or healthy diet also lowered LDL aggregation susceptibility. Aggregated LDL in vitro activated macrophages and T cells, two key cell types involved in plaque progression and rupture. Conclusion Our results identify the susceptibility of LDL to aggregate as a novel measurable and modifiable factor in the progression of human ASCVD.
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  • Galluzzi, L, et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring cell death in higher eukaryotes.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cell death and differentiation. - 1476-5403. ; 16:8, s. 1093-107
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cell death is essential for a plethora of physiological processes, and its deregulation characterizes numerous human diseases. Thus, the in-depth investigation of cell death and its mechanisms constitutes a formidable challenge for fundamental and applied biomedical research, and has tremendous implications for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. It is, therefore, of utmost importance to standardize the experimental procedures that identify dying and dead cells in cell cultures and/or in tissues, from model organisms and/or humans, in healthy and/or pathological scenarios. Thus far, dozens of methods have been proposed to quantify cell death-related parameters. However, no guidelines exist regarding their use and interpretation, and nobody has thoroughly annotated the experimental settings for which each of these techniques is most appropriate. Here, we provide a nonexhaustive comparison of methods to detect cell death with apoptotic or nonapoptotic morphologies, their advantages and pitfalls. These guidelines are intended for investigators who study cell death, as well as for reviewers who need to constructively critique scientific reports that deal with cellular demise. Given the difficulties in determining the exact number of cells that have passed the point-of-no-return of the signaling cascades leading to cell death, we emphasize the importance of performing multiple, methodologically unrelated assays to quantify dying and dead cells.
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  • Popp, A, et al. (författare)
  • Signal transduction pathways induced by virulence factors of Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Medical Microbiology. - 1438-4221 .- 1618-0607. ; 291:4, s. 307-314
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The obligate human pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae infects a variety of human tissues. In recent years, several host cell receptors for the major bacterial adhesins have been identified. While the knowledge of the molecular mechanism of colonisation has helped to understand special aspects of the infection, like the explicit tropism of gonococci for human tissues, the long-term consequences of engaging these receptors are still unknown. A variety of signalling pathways initiated by the activated receptors and by bacterial proteins transferred to the infected cell have been defined which include lipid second messenger, protein kinases, proteases and GTPases. These pathways control important steps of the infection, such as tight adhesion and invasion, the induction of cytokine release, and apoptosis. The detailed knowledge of bacteria-induced signalling pathways could allow the design of new therapeutic approaches which might be advantageous over the classical antibiotics therapy.
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  • Resultat 1-6 av 6

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