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2.
  • Ferrannini, Giulia, et al. (författare)
  • Screening for Glucose Perturbations and Risk Factor Management in Dysglycemic Patients With Coronary Artery Disease-A Persistent Challenge in Need of Substantial Improvement : A Report From ESC EORP EUROASPIRE V.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Diabetes Care. - 0149-5992 .- 1935-5548. ; 43:4, s. 726-733
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Dysglycemia, in this survey defined as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or type 2 diabetes, is common in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and associated with an unfavorable prognosis. This European survey investigated dysglycemia screening and risk factor management of patients with CAD in relation to standards of European guidelines for cardiovascular subjects.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The European Society of Cardiology's European Observational Research Programme (ESC EORP) European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) V (2016-2017) included 8,261 CAD patients, aged 18-80 years, from 27 countries. If the glycemic state was unknown, patients underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and measurement of glycated hemoglobin A1c. Lifestyle, risk factors, and pharmacological management were investigated.RESULTS: A total of 2,452 patients (29.7%) had known diabetes. OGTT was performed in 4,440 patients with unknown glycemic state, of whom 41.1% were dysglycemic. Without the OGTT, 30% of patients with type 2 diabetes and 70% of those with IGT would not have been detected. The presence of dysglycemia almost doubled from that self-reported to the true proportion after screening. Only approximately one-third of all coronary patients had completely normal glucose metabolism. Of patients with known diabetes, 31% had been advised to attend a diabetes clinic, and only 24% attended. Only 58% of dysglycemic patients were prescribed all cardioprotective drugs, and use of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (3%) or glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (1%) was small.CONCLUSIONS: Urgent action is required for both screening and management of patients with CAD and dysglycemia, in the expectation of a substantial reduction in risk of further cardiovascular events and in complications of diabetes, as well as longer life expectancy.
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3.
  • Hage, Camilla, et al. (författare)
  • The predictive value of inflammatory activity and markers of the adipo-insular axis on restenosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research. - 1752-8984. ; 8:2, s. 143-149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have a high restenosis rate after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study investigated whether markers of inflammation and the adipo-insular axis associated with T2DM and poor metabolic control were able to predict restenosis after PCI in T2DM patients. Methods and results: The predictive value of traditional and non-traditional risk markers, including IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, hsCRP, interferon gamma, leptin, IGF-I, insulin, proinsulin and NT-proBNP, was investigated in 82 patients with T2DM. A re-angiography 6 months after the index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) revealed that 43% of the patients had a restenosis. In a multiple regression analysis, the only independent predictors of restenosis were fasting glucose before the PCI and previous myocardial infarction (odds ratio [OR] 1.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07—1.92; p = 0.015 and OR 8.00, 95% CI 2.49—25.67; p ≤ 0.001, respectively). None of the other markers remained as significant predictors. Conclusion: Fasting glucose prior to the PCI was an independent predictor of restenosis in patients with T2DM while analyses of a variety of markers related to inflammation and the adipo-insular axis did not add any further information.
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  • Makubi, Abel, et al. (författare)
  • Heart failure in Tanzania and Sweden: Comparative characterization and prognosis in the Tanzania Heart Failure (TaHeF) study and the Swedish Heart Failure Registry (SwedeHF)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - : ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD. - 0167-5273 .- 1874-1754. ; 220, s. 750-758
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Heart failure (HF) in developing countries is poorly described. We compare characteristics and prognosis of HF in Tanzania vs. Sweden. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted from the Tanzania HF study (TaHeF) and the Swedish HF Registry (SwedeHF). Patients were compared overall (n 427 vs. 51,060) and after matching 1: 3 by gender and age +/- 5 years (n 411 vs. 1232). The association between cohort and all-cause mortality was assessed with multivariable Cox regression. Results: In the unmatched cohorts, TaHeF (as compared to SwedeHF) patients were younger (median age [inter-quartile range] 55 [40-68] vs. 77 [64-84] years, p amp;lt; 0.001) and more commonly women (51% vs. 40%, p amp;lt; 0.001). The three-year survival was 61% in both cohorts. In the matched cohorts, TaHeF patients had more hypertension (47% vs. 37%, p amp;lt; 0.001), more anemia (57% vs. 9%), more preserved EF, more advanced HF, longer duration of HF, and less use of beta-blockers. Crude mortality was worse in TaHeF (HR 2.25 [95% CI 1.78-2.85], p amp;lt; 0.001), with three-year survival 61% vs. 83%. However, covariate-adjusted risk was similar (HR 1.07, 95% CI 0.69-1.66; p = 0.760). In both cohorts, preserved EF was associated with higher mortality in crude but not adjusted analysis. Conclusions: Compared to in Sweden, HF patients in Tanzania were younger and more commonly female, and after age and gender matching, had more frequent hypertension and anemia, more severe HF despite higher EF, and worse crude but similar adjusted prognosis. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  • Norhammar, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Improved but still high short- and long-term mortality rates after myocardial infarction in patients with diabetes mellitus : A time-trend report from the Swedish Register of Information and Knowledge about Swedish Heart Intensive Care Admission
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Heart. - 1355-6037 .- 1468-201X. ; 93:12, s. 1577-1583
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of the study was to compare time-trends in mortality rates and treatment patterns between patients with and without diabetes based on the Swedish register of coronary care (Register of Information and Knowledge about Swedish Heart Intensive Care Admission [RIKS-HIA]). Methods: Post myocardial infarction mortality rate is high in diabetic patients, who seem to receive less evidence-based treatment. Mortality rates and treatment in 1995–1998 and 1999–2002 were studied in 70 882 patients (age <80 years), 14 873 of whom had diabetes (the first registry recorded acute myocardial infarction), following adjustments for differences in clinical and other parameters. Results: One-year mortality rates decreased from 1995 to 2002 from 16.6% to 12.1% in patients without diabetes and from 29.7% to 19.7%, respectively, in those with diabetes. Patients with diabetes had an adjusted relative 1-year mortality risk of 1.44 (95% CI 1.36 to 1.52) in 1995–1998 and 1.31 (95% CI 1.24 to 1.38) in 1999–2002. Despite improved pre-admission and in-hospital treatment, diabetic patients were less often offered acute reperfusion therapy (adjusted OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.80 to 0.90), acute revascularisation (adjusted OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.69 to 0.87) or revascularisation within 14 days (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.85), aspirin (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.84 to 0.98) and lipid-lowering treatment at discharge (OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.86). Conclusion: Despite a clear improvement in the treatment and myocardial infarction survival rate in patients with diabetes, mortality rate remains higher than in patients without diabetes. Part of the excess mortality may be explained by co-morbidities and diabetes itself, but a lack of application of evidence-based treatment also contributes, underlining the importance of the improved management of diabetic patients.
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8.
  • Norhammar, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Under utilisation of evidence-based treatment partially explains for the unfavourable prognosis in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 24:9, s. 838-844
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: The prognosis after an acute myocardial infarction is worse for patients with diabetes mellitus than for those without. We investigated whether differences in the use of evidence-based treatment may contribute to the differences in 1-year survival in a large cohort of consecutive acute myocardial infarction patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Methods: We included patients below the age of 80 years from the Register of Information and Knowledge about Swedish Heart Intensive care Admissions (RIKS-HIA), which included all patients admitted to coronary care units at 58 hospitals during 1995-1998. In all 5193 patients had the combination of acute myocardial infarction and diabetes mellitus while 20 440 had myocardial infarction but no diabetes diagnosed. Multivariate logistical regression analyses were performed to evaluate the influence of diabetes mellitus on the use of evidence-based treatment and its association with survival during the first year after the index hospitalisation. Results: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 20.3% (males 18.5%, females 24.4%). The 1-year mortality was substantially higher among diabetic patients compared with those without diabetes mellitus (13.0 vs. 22.3% for males and 14.4 vs. 26.1% for female patients, respectively) with an odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI)) in three different age groups: <65 years 2.65 (2.23-3.16), 65-74 years 1.81 (1.61-2.04) and >75 years 1.71 (1.50-1.93). During hospital stay patients with diabetes mellitus received significantly less treatment with heparins (37 vs. 43%, p<0.001), intravenous beta blockade (29 vs. 33%, p<0.001), thrombolysis (31 vs. 41%, p<0.001) and acute revascularisation (4 vs. 5%, p<0.003). A similar pattern was apparent at hospital discharge. After multiple adjustments for dissimilarities in baseline characteristics between the two groups, patients with diabetes were significantly less likely to be treated with reperfusion therapy (OR 0.83), heparins (OR 0.88), statins (OR 0.88) or to be revascularised within 14 days from hospital discharge procedures (OR 0.86) while the use of ACE-inhibitors was more prevalent among diabetic patients compared to non-diabetic patients (OR 1.45). The mortality reducing effects of evidence-based treatment like reperfusion, heparins, aspirin, beta-blockers, lipid-lowering treatment and revascularisation were, in multivariate analyses, of equal benefit in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Interpretation: Diabetes mellitus continues to be a major independent predictor of 1-year mortality following an acute myocardial infarction, especially in younger age groups. This may partly be explained by less use of evidence-based treatment although treatment benefits are similar in both patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Thus a more extensive use of established treatment has a potential to improve the poor prognosis among patients with acute myocardial infarction and diabetes mellitus.
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  • Olsson, Per-Ola, et al. (författare)
  • Unbroken Digital Data Flow In The Built Environment Process : A Case Study In Sweden
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-2/W13. - : The International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. ; XLII-2/W13, s. 1347-1352
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An unbroken digital data flow would save substantial resources in the built environment process. In this study, which is part of a larger Swedish project, data delivery specifications and methods to integrate BIM and geodata are developed and tested with the aim to facilitate such an unbroken data flow. The main focus areas of the study are: (1) specifications that enables building permission applications based on BIM data to automate the building permission process, (2) reuse of as-built BIM models to update geodata when a building is constructed and (3) a national Swedish CityGML ADE for buildings. The study shows that building permission applications can be partly automated even though the delivery specifications were in the early stages of development at the time of a performed test case. With fully implemented delivery specifications more regulations can be checked. Furthermore, the study demonstrates how a BIM model can be georeferenced with a standard deviation of the transformation of 3 cm compared to field measurements performed with a total station. The georeferenced BIM model can then be converted to a LOD2 geodata building model to update existing geodata. Finally, a proposal for a national Swedish CityGML ADE for buildings is presented.
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