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Sökning: WFRF:(Söderhäll Cilla)

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1.
  • Lundin, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • 22q11.2 microduplication in two patients with bladder exstrophy and hearing impairment
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Medical Genetics. - : Elsevier. - 1769-7212 .- 1878-0849. ; 53:2, s. 61-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bladder exstrophy is a congenital malformation of the bladder and urethra. The genetic basis of this malformation is unknown however it is well known that chromosomal aberrations can lead to defects in organ development. A few bladder exstrophy patients have been described to carry chromosomal aberrations. Chromosomal rearrangements of 22q11.2 are implicated in several genomic disorders i.e. DiGeorge/velocardiofacial- and cat-eye syndrome. Deletions within this chromosomal region are relatively common while duplications of 22q11.2 are much less frequently observed. An increasing number of reports of microduplications of this region describe a highly variable phenotype. We have performed array-CGH analysis of 36 Swedish bladder exstrophy patients. The analysis revealed a similar and approximately 3 Mb duplication, consistent with the recently described 22q11.2 microduplication syndrome, in two unrelated cases with bladder exstrophy and hearing impairment. This finding was confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and FISH analysis. Subsequent MLPA analysis of this chromosomal region in 33 bladder exstrophy patients did not reveal any deletion/duplication within this region. MLPA analysis of 171 anonymous control individuals revealed one individual carrying this microduplication. This is the first report of 22q11.2 microduplication associated with bladder exstrophy and hearing impairment. Furthermore the finding of one carrier among a cohort of normal controls further highlights the variable phenotype linked to this microduplication syndrome. (C) 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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2.
  • Matsson, H., et al. (författare)
  • Targeted high-throughput sequencing of candidate genes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Bmc Pulmonary Medicine. - 1471-2466. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Reduced lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is likely due to both environmental and genetic factors. We report here a targeted high-throughput DNA sequencing approach to identify new and previously known genetic variants in a set of candidate genes for COPD. Methods: Exons in 22 genes implicated in lung development as well as 61 genes and 10 genomic regions previously associated with COPD were sequenced using individual DNA samples from 68 cases with moderate or severe COPD and 66 controls matched for age, gender and smoking. Cases and controls were selected from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) studies. Results: In total, 37 genetic variants showed association with COPD (p < 0.05, uncorrected). Several variants previously discovered to be associated with COPD from genetic genome-wide analysis studies were replicated using our sample. Two high-risk variants were followed-up for functional characterization in a large eQTL mapping study of 1,111 human lung specimens. The C allele of a synonymous variant, rs8040868, predicting a p.(S45=) in the gene for cholinergic receptor nicotinic alpha 3 (CHRNA3) was associated with COPD (p = 8.8 x 10(-3)). This association remained (p = 0.003 and OR = 1.4, 95 % CI 1.1-1.7) when analysing all available cases and controls in OLIN (n = 1,534). The rs8040868 variant is in linkage disequilibrium with rs16969968 previously associated with COPD and altered expression of the CHRNA5 gene. A follow-up analysis for detection of expression quantitative trait loci revealed that rs8040868-C was found to be significantly associated with a decreased expression of the nearby gene cholinergic receptor, nicotinic, alpha 5 (CHRNA5) in lung tissue. Conclusion: Our data replicate previous result suggesting CHRNA5 as a candidate gene for COPD and rs8040868 as a risk variant for the development of COPD in the Swedish population.
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3.
  • Acevedo, Nathalie, et al. (författare)
  • DNA Methylation Levels in Mononuclear Leukocytes from the Mother and Her Child Are Associated with IgE Sensitization to Allergens in Early Life
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. - 1422-0067 .- 1422-0067. ; 22:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • DNA methylation changes may predispose becoming IgE-sensitized to allergens. We analyzed whether DNA methylation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is associated with IgE sensitization at 5 years of age (5Y). DNA methylation was measured in 288 PBMC samples from 74 mother/child pairs from the birth cohort ALADDIN (Assessment of Lifestyle and Allergic Disease During INfancy) using the HumanMethylation450BeadChip (Illumina). PBMCs were obtained from the mothers during pregnancy and from their children in cord blood, at 2 years and 5Y. DNA methylation levels at each time point were compared between children with and without IgE sensitization to allergens at 5Y. For replication, CpG sites associated with IgE sensitization in ALADDIN were evaluated in whole blood DNA of 256 children, 4 years old, from the BAMSE (Swedish abbreviation for Children, Allergy, Milieu, Stockholm, Epidemiology) cohort. We found 34 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) associated with IgE sensitization to airborne allergens and 38 DMRs associated with sensitization to food allergens in children at 5Y (Sidak p <= 0.05). Genes associated with airborne sensitization were enriched in the pathway of endocytosis, while genes associated with food sensitization were enriched in focal adhesion, the bacterial invasion of epithelial cells, and leukocyte migration. Furthermore, 25 DMRs in maternal PBMCs were associated with IgE sensitization to airborne allergens in their children at 5Y, which were functionally annotated to the mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin) signaling pathway. This study supports that DNA methylation is associated with IgE sensitization early in life and revealed new candidate genes for atopy. Moreover, our study provides evidence that maternal DNA methylation levels are associated with IgE sensitization in the child supporting early in utero effects on atopy predisposition.
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4.
  • Acevedo, Nathalie, et al. (författare)
  • Epigenetic alterations in skin homing CD4(+)CLA(+) T cells of atopic dermatitis patients
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - 2045-2322. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • T cells expressing the cutaneous lymphocyte antigen (CLA) mediate pathogenic inflammation in atopic dermatitis (AD). The molecular alterations contributing to their dysregulation remain unclear. With the aim to elucidate putative altered pathways in AD we profiled DNA methylation levels and miRNA expression in sorted T cell populations -(CD4(+), -CD4(+)CD45RA(+) naive, -CD4(+)CLA(+), and -CD8(+)) from adult AD patients and healthy controls (HC). Skin homing -CD4(+)CLA(+) T cells from AD patients showed significant differences in DNA methylation in 40 genes compared to HC (p < 0.05). Reduced DNA methylation levels in the upstream region of the interleukin-13 gene (IL13) in -CD4(+)CLA(+) T cells from AD patients correlated with increased IL13 mRNA expression in these cells. Sixteen miRNAs showed differential expression in -CD4(+)CLA(+) T cells from AD patients targeting genes in 202 biological processes (p < 0.05). An integrated network analysis of miRNAs and CpG sites identified two communities of strongly interconnected regulatory elements with strong antagonistic behaviours that recapitulated the differences between AD patients and HC. Functional analysis of the genes linked to these communities revealed their association with key cytokine signaling pathways, MAP kinase signaling and protein ubiquitination. Our findings support that epigenetic mechanisms play a role in the pathogenesis of AD by affecting inflammatory signaling molecules in skin homing -CD4(+)CLA(+) T cells and uncover putative molecules participating in AD pathways.
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6.
  • Holmdahl, Idun, et al. (författare)
  • Early Life Wheeze and Risk Factors for Asthma-A Revisit at Age 7 in the GEWAC-Cohort
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: CHILDREN-BASEL. - : MDPI. - 2227-9067. ; 8:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One third of all toddlers are in need of medical care because of acute wheeze and many of these children have persistent asthma at school age. Our aims were to assess risk factors for and the prevalence of asthma at age 7 in a cohort of children suffering from an acute wheezing episode as toddlers. A total of 113 children, included during an acute wheezing episode (cases), and 54 healthy controls were followed prospectively from early pre-school age to 7 years. The protocol included questionnaires, ACT, FeNO, nasopharyngeal virus samples, blood sampling for cell count, vitamin D levels, and IgE to food and airborne allergens. The prevalence of asthma at age 7 was 70.8% among cases and 1.9% among controls (p < 0.001). Acute wheeze caused by rhinovirus (RV) infection at inclusion was more common among cases with asthma at age 7 compared to cases without asthma (p = 0.011) and this association remained significant following adjustment for infection with other viruses (OR 3.8, 95% CI 1.4-10.5). Cases with asthma at age 7 had been admitted to hospital more often (p = 0.024) and spent more days admitted (p = 0.01) during the year following inclusion compared to cases without asthma. RV infection stands out as the main associated factor for wheeze evolving to persistent asthma. Cases who developed asthma also had an increased need of hospital time and care for wheeze during the year after inclusion.
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7.
  • Kack, Ulrika, et al. (författare)
  • Nasal upregulation of CST1 in dog-sensitised children with severe allergic airway disease
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: ERJ Open Research. - : European Respiratory Society (ERS). - 2312-0541. ; 7:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The clinical presentation of children sensitised to dog dander varies from asymptomatic to severe allergic airway disease, but the genetic mechanisms underlying these differences are not clear. The objective of the present study was to investigate nasal transcriptomic profiles associated with dog dander sensitisation in school children and to reveal clinical symptoms related with these profiles. Methods: RNA was extracted from nasal epithelial cell brushings of children sensitised to dog dander and healthy controls. Blood sample analyses included IgE against dog dander, dog allergen molecules, other airborne and food allergens, basophil activation and white blood cell counts. Clinical history of asthma and rhinitis was recorded, and lung function was assessed (spirometry, methacholine provocation and exhaled nitric oxide fraction). Results: The most overexpressed gene in children sensitised to dog dander compared to healthy controls was CST1, coding for Cystatin 1. A cluster of these children with enhanced CST1 expression showed lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s, increased bronchial hyperreactivity, pronounced eosinophilia and higher basophil allergen threshold sensitivity compared with other children sensitised to dog dander. In addition, multi-sensitisation to lipocalins was more common in this group. Conclusions: Overexpression of CST1 is associated with more severe allergic airway disease in children sensitised to dog dander. CST1 is thus a possible biomarker of the severity of allergic airway disease and a possible therapeutic target for the future treatment of airborne allergy.
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9.
  • Merid, Simon Kebede, et al. (författare)
  • Epigenome-wide meta-analysis of blood DNA methylation in newborns and children identifies numerous loci related to gestational age
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Genome Medicine. - Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset. - 1756-994X.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Preterm birth and shorter duration of pregnancy are associated with increased morbidity in neonatal and later life. As the epigenome is known to have an important role during fetal development, we investigated associations between gestational age and blood DNA methylation in children. Methods: We performed meta-analysis of Illumina's HumanMethylation450-array associations between gestational age and cord blood DNA methylation in 3648 newborns from 17 cohorts without common pregnancy complications, induced delivery or caesarean section. We also explored associations of gestational age with DNA methylation measured at 4-18 years in additional pediatric cohorts. Follow-up analyses of DNA methylation and gene expression correlations were performed in cord blood. DNA methylation profiles were also explored in tissues relevant for gestational age health effects: fetal brain and lung. Results: We identified 8899 CpGs in cord blood that were associated with gestational age (range 27-42 weeks), at Bonferroni significance, P < 1.06 × 10- 7, of which 3343 were novel. These were annotated to 4966 genes. After restricting findings to at least three significant adjacent CpGs, we identified 1276 CpGs annotated to 325 genes. Results were generally consistent when analyses were restricted to term births. Cord blood findings tended not to persist into childhood and adolescence. Pathway analyses identified enrichment for biological processes critical to embryonic development. Follow-up of identified genes showed correlations between gestational age and DNA methylation levels in fetal brain and lung tissue, as well as correlation with expression levels. Conclusions: We identified numerous CpGs differentially methylated in relation to gestational age at birth that appear to reflect fetal developmental processes across tissues. These findings may contribute to understanding mechanisms linking gestational age to health effects.
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10.
  • Paternoster, Lavinia, et al. (författare)
  • Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies three new risk loci for atopic dermatitis.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature genetics. - 1546-1718. ; 44:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a commonly occurring chronic skin disease with high heritability. Apart from filaggrin (FLG), the genes influencing atopic dermatitis are largely unknown. We conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 5,606 affected individuals and 20,565 controls from 16 population-based cohorts and then examined the ten most strongly associated new susceptibility loci in an additional 5,419 affected individuals and 19,833 controls from 14 studies. Three SNPs reached genome-wide significance in the discovery and replication cohorts combined, including rs479844 upstream of OVOL1 (odds ratio (OR) = 0.88, P = 1.1 × 10(-13)) and rs2164983 near ACTL9 (OR = 1.16, P = 7.1 × 10(-9)), both of which are near genes that have been implicated in epidermal proliferation and differentiation, as well as rs2897442 in KIF3A within the cytokine cluster at 5q31.1 (OR = 1.11, P = 3.8 × 10(-8)). We also replicated association with the FLG locus and with two recently identified association signals at 11q13.5 (rs7927894; P = 0.008) and 20q13.33 (rs6010620; P = 0.002). Our results underline the importance of both epidermal barrier function and immune dysregulation in atopic dermatitis pathogenesis.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 11
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