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Sökning: WFRF:(Saeed Sahrai)

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1.
  • Putaala, Jukka, et al. (författare)
  • Searching for Explanations for Cryptogenic Stroke in the Young: Revealing the Triggers, Causes, and Outcome (SECRETO): Rationale and design
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Stroke Journal. - : SAGE Publications. - 2396-9873. ; 2:2, s. 116-125
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Worldwide, about 1.3 million annual ischaemic strokes (IS) occur in adults aged <50 years. Of theseearly-onset strokes, up to 50% can be regarded as cryptogenic or associated with conditions with poorly documented causality like patent foramen ovale and coagulopathies. Key hypotheses/aims: (1) Investigate transient triggers and clinical/sub-clinical chronic risk factors associated with cryptogenic IS in the young; (2) use cardiac imaging methods exceeding state-of-the-art to reveal novel sources for embolism; (3) search for covert thrombosis and haemostasis abnormalities; (4) discover new disease pathways using next-generation sequencing and RNA gene expression studies; (5) determine patient prognosis by use of phenotypic and genetic data; and (6) adapt systems medicine approach to investigate complex risk-factor interactions. Design: Searching for Explanations for Cryptogenic Stroke in the Young: Revealing the Etiology, Triggers, and Outcome (SECRETO; NCT01934725) is a prospective multi-centre case–control study enrolling patients aged 18–49 years hospitalised due to first-ever imaging-proven IS of undetermined etiology. Patients are examined according to a standardised protocol and followed up for 10 years. Patients are 1:1 age- and sex-matched to stroke-free controls. Key study elements include centralised reading of echocardiography, electrocardiography, and neurovascular imaging, as well as blood samples for genetic, gene-expression, thrombosis and haemostasis and biomarker analysis. We aim to have 600 patient–control pairs enrolled by the end of 2018. Summary: SECRETO is aiming to establish novel mechanisms and prognosis of cryptogenic IS in the young and will provide new directions for therapy development for these patients. First results are anticipated in 2019.
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2.
  • Saeed, Sahrai, et al. (författare)
  • Cardiovascular risk assessment in south and middle-east asians living in the western countries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. - : Professional Medical Publications. - 1682-024X. ; 36:7, s. 1719-1725
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nearly a quarter of the world population lives in the South Asian region (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives). Due to rapid demographic and epidemiological transition in these countries, the burden of non-communicable diseases is growing, which is a serious public health concern. Particularly, the prevalence of pre-diabetes, diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing. South Asians living in the West have also substantially higher risk of CVD and mortality compared with white Europeans and Americans. Further, as a result of global displacement over the past three decades, Middle-Eastern immigrants now represent the largest group of non-European immigrants in Northern Europe. This vulnerable population has been less studied. Hence, the aim of the present review was to address cardiovascular risk assessment in South Asians (primarily people from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh), and Middle-East Asians living in Western countries compared with whites (Caucasians) and present results from some major intervention studies. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed to identify major cardiovascular health studies of South Asian and Middle-Eastern populations living in the West, relevant for this review. Results indicated an increased risk of CVD. In conclusion, both South Asian and Middle-Eastern populations living in the West carry significantly higher risk of diabetes and CVD compared with native white Europeans. Lifestyle interventions have been shown to have beneficial effects in terms of reduction in the risk of diabetes by increasing insulin sensitivity, weight loss as well as better glycemic and lipid control.
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3.
  • Saeed, Sahrai, et al. (författare)
  • The association of the metabolic syndrome with target organ damage : focus on the heart, brain, and central arteries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy. - : Future Drugs Ltd. - 1477-9072. ; 18:9, s. 601-614
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an adverse metabolic state composed of obesity, hyperglycemia/pre-diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. It substantially increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality, and has a huge impact on public health. Area covered: The present review gives an update on the definition and prevalence of MetS, and its impact on cardiac structure and function as well as on the brain and central arteries. The association with CVD and mortality risk is discussed. Focus is mainly directed toward the subclinical target organ damage related to MetS. Data is also critically reviewed to provide evidence on the incremental prognostic value of overall MetS over its individual components. Expert commentary: MetS is a clinical risk condition associated with subclinical and clinical CVD and mortality. Roughly, 30% of the world population suffer from MetS. As all components of the MetS are modifiable, optimal preventive and therapeutic measures should be initiated to improve CV risk control, particularly aggressively treating hypertension and hyperglycemia, and encouraging people to adopt healthy lifestyle as early as possible is of great importance.
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