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Sökning: WFRF:(Sampogna Francesca)

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1.
  • Ayala-Luis, Joselyn, et al. (författare)
  • A multivariable analysis of patient dental satisfaction and oral health-related quality-of-life : A cross-sectional study based on DVSS and OHIP-14
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0001-6357 .- 1502-3850. ; 72:3, s. 187-193
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. The aim of this paper was to study the association between dental satisfaction and oral health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) when controlling for individual, clinical and psychological factors. Materials. Secondary analysis was conducted using data from a large study carried out in the Swedish region of Varmland in 2004. The questionnaire included demographic variables, clinical assessment and the following instruments: the Dental Visit Satisfaction Scale (DVSS), the short version of Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and a modified version of the revised helping alliance questionnaire. Internal consistency analysis was undertaken on the instruments to assess reliability; bivariate comparisons were assessed to compare DVSS scores with individual factors (age, gender and education). In addition, a three step hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed with DVSS as a dependent variable. Results. Data were completed for 485 randomly selected patients. The mean age of participants was 43.5 years, 54.6% were women, and 41.2% had high education. The median DVSS score was 48 (range 10-50) and the median OHIP was 3.0 (range 0-56). All the instruments showed good reliability. Bivariate analysis showed that females were more satisfied than males (p <= 0.01) and patients of 50 years or older were more satisfied than the younger ones (p <= 0.05). Finally, the following variables explained 31% of the variance of being very satisfied with dental visit: a good OHRQoL and patients' positive perceptions of the relationship with their care provider. Conclusion. This study showed positive associations between dental satisfaction and OHRQoL when controlling for related factors. The result suggests that care providers should take into account the various dimensions of OHRQoL rather than use only clinical measurements when they evaluate patient satisfaction.
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2.
  • Chernyshov, P. V., et al. (författare)
  • Quality of life measurement in acne. Position Paper of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Task Forces on Quality of Life and Patient Oriented Outcomes and Acne, Rosacea and Hidradenitis Suppurativa
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. - : Wiley. - 0926-9959. ; 32:2, s. 194-208
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Acne causes profound negative psychological and social effects on the quality of life (QoL) of patients. The European Dermatology Forum S3-Guideline for the Treatment of Acne recommended adopting a QoL measure as an integral part of acne management. Because of constantly growing interest in health-related QoL assessment in acne and because of the high impact of acne on patients' lives, the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Task Force on QoL and Patient Oriented Outcomes and the Task Force on Acne, Rosacea and Hidradenitis Suppurativa have documented the QoL instruments that have been used in acne patients, with information on validation, purposes of their usage, description of common limitations and mistakes in their usage and overall recommendations.
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3.
  • Dalgard, Florence J., et al. (författare)
  • Itch and Mental Health in Dermatological Patients across Europe : A Cross-Sectional Study in 13 Countries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Investigative Dermatology. - : Elsevier BV. - 0022-202X. ; 140:3, s. 568-573
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Itch is a highly prevalent and multidimensional symptom. We aimed to analyze the association between itch and mental health in dermatological patients. This multicenter study is observational and cross-sectional and was conducted in dermatological clinics across 13 European countries. A total of 3,530 patients and 1,094 healthy controls were included. Patients were examined clinically. Outcome measures were itch (presence, chronicity, and intensity), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, EQ-5D visual analogue scale, sociodemographics, suicidal ideation, and stress (negative life events and economic difficulties). Ethical approval was obtained. Results showed significant association between the presence of itch in patients and clinical depression (odds ratio, 1.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.15–2.02), suicidal ideation (odds ratio, 1.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.01–1.60), and economic difficulties (odds ratio, 1.24; 95% confidence interval, 1.10–1.50). The mean score of reported generic health status assessed by the EQ-5D visual analogue scale was 65.9 (standard deviation = 20.1) in patients with itch, compared with 74.7 (standard deviation = 18.0) in patients without itch (P < 0.001) and 74.9 (standard deviation = 15.7) in controls with itch compared with 82.9 (standard deviation = 15.6) in controls without itch (P < 0.001). Itch contributes substantially to the psychological disease burden in dermatological patients, and the management of patients should include access to multidisciplinary care.
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4.
  • Johansson, Veronica, et al. (författare)
  • Contract and fee-for-service care - regression modelling of oral health-related quality of life
  • 2007
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • In 1999, the public dental health service (PDHS) in the county of Värmland, Sweden, implemented contract care alongside the traditional patient financial system of fee-for-service care. In contract care, the patient pays a fixed sum annually for dental care and then receives basic dental care without additional costs. Aim The aim was to study the relation between patient financial system and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods In 2003, a questionnaire was sent to 2,400 consecutively selected patients in the PDHS in Värmland, 1,200 from each patient financial system. The questionnaire was answered by 1,324 participants (57% of those who could be reached). The questionnaire contained questions about willingness to pay for dental care, how much one had paid for dental care the previous year, OHRQoL (measured with the OHIP-14), dental anxiety, humanism of caregiver, general health (measured with the SF-36), multidimensional health locus of control, sense of coherence, self-esteem and demographics. Data on patient financial system, gender and age were obtained from the sampling frame. The data were analysed with a block method of multiple linear regression, adding blocks of variables in six steps: financial system, economic factors, individual factors, social factors, psychological factors and health factors. The threshold for statistical significance was set at p≤0.05. Results OHRQoL was affected by the financial system of the respondent: those in fee-for-service care had a worse OHRQoL than those in contract care. OHRQoL was also affected by health, sense of coherence and to some extent by psychological and economical factors. Of the social variables, only being foreign born had a significant effect on OHRQoL. Conclusions OHRQoL was found to be affected by patient financial system. Acknowledgements The study was financed by the Swedish Research Council.
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5.
  • Johansson, Veronica, et al. (författare)
  • Financial systems' impact on dental care : a review of fee-for-service and capitation systems
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Community Dental Health. - 0265-539X. ; 24:1, s. 12-20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective This review covers the impact of financial systems on dental care. Background Remuneration in fee-for-service (FFS) is done per service provided and in capitation (CAP) per patient enrolled. It may be expected that dentists’ incentive in CAP is to keep the number of services provided at a minimum, while in FFS it is to keep the number of services at a maximum. This should lead to a different impact on care, with the dentists in CAP focusing more on prevention and dentists in FFS more on restorative treatment. Six questions were put: Does CAP increase or decrease caries incidence? Does CAP increase or decrease restorative treatments? Does CAP increase preventive care? Does CAP increase or decrease productivity? Does CAP increase or decrease the dentist’s satisfaction with his/her work? Does CAP increase or decrease the patients’ satisfaction with the oral care provided? Methods Literature was obtained through searches in databases. A format was developed to define the literature of interest. Results CAP decreases restorative treatment and there is a tendency of decreased caries incidence. “Supervised neglect” cannot be established. CAP increases preventive care. A conclusion regarding productivity was not possible. The results on dentist’s satisfaction with work were inconclusive, as were the results regarding patient satisfaction. Conclusions CAP has a different impact on provided care than FFS. More research is needed in this area and focus on efficiency is of importance. This review was funded by the Swedish Research Council.
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6.
  • Johansson, Veronica, et al. (författare)
  • Multivariate analyses of patient financial systems and oral health-related quality of life
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. - : Wiley. - 0301-5661 .- 1600-0528. ; 38:5, s. 436-444
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Since 1999, the public dental health service (PDHS) in the county of Värmland, Sweden, has two co-existing patient financial systems, i.e. ways for the patient to pay for dental care services. Alongside the traditional system of fee-for-service payment, i.e. paying afterwards for provided services, a new system of contract care is offered. In this system, dental care is covered by a contractual agreement, for which the patient pays an annual fee and receives care covered by the contract without additional costs. The aim of this article was to study whether patient financial system was associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods: A questionnaire was answered by 1324 randomly selected patients, 52% from contract care and 48% from fee-for-service. The questionnaire contained questions about how much one was prepared to pay for dental care, how much one paid for dental care the previous year, OHIP-14 (measured OHRQoL), dental anxiety, humanism of caregiver, SF-36 (measured general health), multidimensional health locus of control, sense of coherence (SOC), self-esteem and demographics. Data on patient financial system, gender and age were obtained from the sampling frame. The material was analysed with a hierarchical block method of multiple regression analysis. Results: When controlling for all other variables, patient financial system was one of the strongest associations with OHRQoL: patients in fee-for-service had worse OHRQoL than those in contract care. OHRQoL was also associated with general health, SOC and to some extent also with psychological and economic factors. Of the social variables, only being foreign born was significant: it was associated with worse OHRQoL. Conclusions: Patient financial system was associated with OHRQoL when controlling for confounding factors: patients in contract care had better OHRQoL than those in fee-for-service care.
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7.
  • Johansson, Veronica, et al. (författare)
  • Patients' health in contract and fee-for-service care : I. A descriptive comparison
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Swedish Dental Journal. - 0347-9994. ; 31:1, s. 27-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fee-for-service care, paying afterwards for services provided, is the traditional adult patient financial system in dentistry in Sweden. The public dental health service (PDHS) in the county of Värmland has since 1999 also an alternative system, contract care. There, a fixed sum of money is paid annually for dental care, which then is received without additional costs. This study compares the demographics, general health and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in the patient financial systems fee-for-service and contract care in the PDHS in Värmland. A questionnaire was answered by 1,324 patients, response rate 57%. A non-response analysis was undertaken. The non-response analysis showed that the likelihood for answering the questionnaire was higher for women, for respondents in contract care and for increasing age. Further analyses revealed that the non-respondents were healthier than the respondents and that experience of pain in the mouth was the only variable increasing the likelihood of response. General health was studied with the SF-36 and OHRQoL with the OHIP-14. The demographics studied were gender, age, birth country, marital status, education and social network. The results showed that there were differences in patients' health between the patient financial systems. Respondents in contract care had better OHRQoL than those in fee-for-service care. They also had better general health in four of the dimensions of SF-36, were younger, better educated, born in Sweden and were married/living with somebody to a larger extent than fee-for-service care respondents. Fee-for-service care respondents experienced higher social affinity with their housing area. In conclusion, patients in contract care had better general health and OHRQoL than patients in fee-for-service care. There were social differences in choice of financial system and biased non-response.
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8.
  • Johansson, Veronica, et al. (författare)
  • Patients' health in contract and fee-for-service care : a descriptive analysis
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Community Dental Health. - 0265-539X. ; 23:3, s. 187-188
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • AIM Fee-for-service, paying afterwards for services provided, is the traditional patient financial system in dentistry in Sweden. The public dental health service (PDHS) in Värmland has since 1999 also an alternative system: contract care, where a fixed sum of money is paid annually for dental care, which is then received without additional cost. This study describes demographic as well as general and oral health-related characteristics among patients in a service study comparing the two patient financial systems, fee-for-service and contract care, in the PDHS in Värmland. METHODS A questionnaire was answered by 1,324 patients (response rate 57%). Of the respondents, 52% were in contract care and 48% in fee-for-service. A non-response analysis and a special study of the non-respondents were undertaken. General health was studied with SF-36, measuring health in eight dimensions: physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health. Oral health was studied with OHIP-14, measuring oral health in seven dimensions (functional limitation, physical pain, psychological discomfort, physical disability, psychological disability, social disability and handicap) and as an index. The demographic factors included gender, age, birth country, marital status, education, and social affinity with neighbourhood and housing area. The data were analysed with contingency tables, Chi-square tests, t-tests, Mann-Whitney non-parametric tests and logistic regression analyses. RESULTS The non-response analysis revealed that the likelihood for answering the questionnaire was higher for women (OR=1.27), for respondents in contract care (OR=1.43) and for each year of life (OR=1.02). A short telephone interview with 40 non-respondents in each financial system indicated that the non-respondents had better oral health than the respondents. The non-respondents had experienced less pain in the mouth, less difficulties doing their usual jobs and had found life more satisfying than the respondents. There were no significant differences in gender or age. In the study population, differences in health were observed between the financial systems. Respondents in contract care had better oral health than those in fee-for-service (p=0.019). They had also better general health in half of the dimensions of SF-36 (physical functioning: p<0.001; role-physical: p=0.002; general health: p<0.001; social functioning: p=0.045), were younger (p<0.001), better educated (p< 0.001), were born in Sweden more often (p<0.001) and were more often married/living with somebody (p=0.011) than were the fee-for-service respondents. The fee-for-service respondents experienced higher social affinity with their housing area (p=0.049). CONCLUSION There was bias in nonresponse. Contract care patients had better general and oral health than patients in fee-for-service. Acknowledgement: The study was financed by the Swedish Research Council.
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9.
  • Misery, Laurent, et al. (författare)
  • White paper on psychodermatology in Europe : A position paper from the EADV Psychodermatology Task Force and the European Society for Dermatology and Psychiatry (ESDaP)
  • 2023
  • Ingår i: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. - 0926-9959. ; 37:12, s. 2419-2427
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Psychodermatology is a subspecialty of dermatology that is of increasing interest to dermatologists and patients. The case for the provision of at least regional psychodermatology services across Europe is robust. Psychodermatology services have been shown to have better, quicker and more cost-efficient clinical outcomes for patients with psychodermatological conditions. Despite this, psychodermatology services are not uniformly available across Europe. In fact many countries have yet to establish dedicated psychodermatology services. In other countries psychodermatology services are in development. Even in countries where psychodermatolgy units have been established, the services are not available across the whole country. This is especially true for the provision of paediatric psychodermatology services. Also whilst most states across Europe are keen to develop psychodermatology services, the rate at which this development is being implemented is very slow. Our paper maps the current provision of psychodermatology services across Europe and indicates that there is still very much more work to be done in order to develop the comprehensive psychodermatology services across Europe, which are so crucial for our patients.
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10.
  • Sampogna, Francesca, et al. (författare)
  • A multilevel analysis of factors affecting the difference in dental patients' and caregivers' evaluation of oral quality of life
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Oral Sciences. - : Wiley. - 0909-8836 .- 1600-0722. ; 116:6, s. 531-537
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a previous study, we observed that the concordance between patients' and caregivers' evaluation of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) was low. The aim of this study was to use multilevel analysis to investigate the possible determinants of the low concordance, taking into account different patients' demographic and clinical variables, the financial system used by patients to pay for dental treatment, and the role of the different caregivers and clinics. The OHRQoL of patients was assessed both by the patients and by their caregivers, using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)-14. Data were collected in four clinics, and patients were evaluated by one of 27 caregivers. We tested eight multilevel models, using the difference (caregivers OHIP - patients OHIP) as the dependent variable. Data were complete for 432 patients. The mean difference was 4.4 (standard deviation = 8.2; higher scores indicated a higher impact on OHRQoL). The variance due to patients was partly explained by their age, gender, and number of teeth, with a greater OHIP difference for older vs. younger patients, for women than for men, and in patients with fewer teeth. Almost 30% of the variance was due to caregivers, while the effect of clinics was not significant. It is important to study the possible causes of the different judgments concerning patients' OHRQoL by patients and caregivers, in order to improve the patients' satisfaction with care.
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