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Sökning: WFRF:(Scherrer Benoit)

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1.
  • Ferizi, Uran, et al. (författare)
  • Diffusion MRI microstructure models with in vivo human brain Connectome data : Results from a multi-group comparison
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: NMR in Biomedicine. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 0952-3480 .- 1099-1492. ; 30:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A large number of mathematical models have been proposed to describe the measured signal in diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, model comparison to date focuses only on specific subclasses, e.g. compartment models or signal models, and little or no information is available in the literature on how performance varies among the different types of models. To address this deficiency, we organized the 'White Matter Modeling Challenge' during the International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) 2015 conference. This competition aimed to compare a range of different kinds of models in their ability to explain a large range of measurable in vivo DW human brain data. Specifically, we assessed the ability of models to predict the DW signal accurately for new diffusion gradients and b values. We did not evaluate the accuracy of estimated model parameters, as a ground truth is hard to obtain. We used the Connectome scanner at the Massachusetts General Hospital, using gradient strengths of up to 300mT/m and a broad set of diffusion times. We focused on assessing the DW signal prediction in two regions: the genu in the corpus callosum, where the fibres are relatively straight and parallel, and the fornix, where the configuration of fibres is more complex. The challenge participants had access to three-quarters of the dataset and their models were ranked on their ability to predict the remaining unseen quarter of the data. The challenge provided a unique opportunity for a quantitative comparison of diverse methods from multiple groups worldwide. The comparison of the challenge entries reveals interesting trends that could potentially influence the next generation of diffusion-based quantitative MRI techniques. The first is that signal models do not necessarily outperform tissue models; in fact, of those tested, tissue models rank highest on average. The second is that assuming a non-Gaussian (rather than purely Gaussian) noise model provides little improvement in prediction of unseen data, although it is possible that this may still have a beneficial effect on estimated parameter values. The third is that preprocessing the training data, here by omitting signal outliers, and using signal-predicting strategies, such as bootstrapping or cross-validation, could benefit the model fitting. The analysis in this study provides a benchmark for other models and the data remain available to build up a more complete comparison in the future.
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2.
  • Reymbaut, Alexis, et al. (författare)
  • Magic DIAMOND : Multi-fascicle diffusion compartment imaging with tensor distribution modeling and tensor-valued diffusion encoding
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Medical Image Analysis. - : Elsevier. - 1361-8415. ; 70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Diffusion tensor imaging provides increased sensitivity to microstructural tissue changes compared to conventional anatomical imaging but also presents limited specificity. To tackle this problem, the DIAMOND model subdivides the voxel content into diffusion compartments and draws from diffusion-weighted data to estimate compartmental non-central matrix-variate Gamma distributions of diffusion tensors. It models each sub-voxel fascicle separately, resolving crossing white-matter pathways and allowing for a fascicle-element (fixel) based analysis of microstructural features. Alternatively, specific features of the intra-voxel diffusion tensor distribution can be selectively measured using tensor-valued diffusion-weighted acquisition schemes. However, the impact of such schemes on estimating brain microstructural features has only been studied in a handful of parametric single-fascicle models. In this work, we derive a general Laplace transform for the non-central matrix-variate Gamma distribution, which enables the extension of DIAMOND to tensor-valued encoded data. We then evaluate this “Magic DIAMOND” model in silico and in vivo on various combinations of tensor-valued encoded data. Assessing uncertainty on parameter estimation via stratified bootstrap, we investigate both voxel-based and fixel-based metrics by carrying out multi-peak tractography. We demonstrate using in silico evaluations that tensor-valued diffusion encoding significantly improves Magic DIAMOND's accuracy. Most importantly, we show in vivo that our estimated metrics can be robustly mapped along tracks across regions of fiber crossing, which opens new perspectives for tractometry and microstructure mapping along specific white-matter tracts.
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