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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Singh Jagmeet) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Singh Jagmeet)

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1.
  • Borgquist, Rasmus, et al. (författare)
  • An electrophysiologist perspective on risk stratification in heart failure: can better understanding of the condition of the cardiac sympathetic nervous system help?
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. - : Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505. ; 56:Suppl 4, s. 59-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heart failure is often complicated by arrhythmias that can adversely affect the quality of life and increase the risk for sudden cardiac death. Current risk stratification strategies for sudden cardiac death in the heart failure patient are not ideal, with much potential for further refinement. Overactivation of the sympathetic nervous system has been shown to be associated with worsening heart failure as well as arrhythmic events. Recent advances in our understanding of the autonomic nervous system and new methods for quantification of the pathologic activation of the sympathetic nerves have triggered increasing interest in this field. This viewpoint focuses on the need for and challenges of risk stratification of sudden death in the heart failure patient and discusses the potential value of measuring sympathetic nervous system activity to better stratify risk and to select patients with heart failure for implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy.
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2.
  • Chatterjee, Neal A, et al. (författare)
  • Increasing sex differences in the use of cardiac resynchronization therapy with or without implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - : Oxford University Press. - 1522-9645. ; 38:19, s. 1485-1494
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: Previous studies have identified sex disparities in the use of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), although the basis of underutilization in women remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to assess sex differences in patterns of CRT use with our without ICD.METHODS AND RESULTS: In this cross-sectional study using the National Inpatient Sample database we identified 311 009 patients undergoing CRT implantation in the United States between 2006 and 2012. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared between men and women undergoing CRT implantation, with special attention to clinical predictors of left ventricular reverse remodelling (CRT response, score range: 0-4) and reduced ICD efficacy (score range: 0-7). When compared to men, women undergoing CRT implantation were significantly more likely to have ≥ 3 predictors of CRT response (47.3 vs. 33.2%, P < 0.001) and less likely to have ≥3 predictors of reduced ICD efficacy (27.0 vs. 37.3%, P < 0.001). Despite this, men were significantly more likely to undergo CRT with ICD (CRT-D) as the type of CRT (88.6 vs. 80.1% of all CRT implants). Compared to those with the greatest likelihood of CRT response (score ≥ 3), those with the least likelihood of CRT response had a significant decreased odds of CRT-D implant (adj odds ratio 0.27 [0.24-0.31], P < 0.001), with a greater decreased odds in women compared to men (P, for sex interaction <0.001). The difference in the % of CRT-D implant in men vs. women increased over the study period (P, sex Δ time trend = 0.012).CONCLUSION: In this large, contemporary cohort, sex differences in CRT-D implantation were inversely related to predicted CRT efficacy and have increased over time. Future efforts to narrow the gap in CRT-D implantation in men and women may help better align device selection with those most likely to benefit.
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  • Jacobsson, Jonatan, et al. (författare)
  • Usefulness of the Sum Absolute QRST Integral to Predict Outcomes in Patients Receiving Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Cardiology. - : Excerpta Medica. - 0002-9149. ; 118:6, s. 389-395
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces mortality and morbidity in selected patients with heart failure (HF), but up to 1/3 of patients are nonresponders. Sum absolute QRST integral (SAI QRST) recently showed association with mechanical response on CRT. However, it is unknown whether SAI QRST is associated with all-cause mortality and HF hospitalizations in patients undergoing CRT. The study population included 496 patients undergoing CRT (mean age 69 ± 10 years, 84% men, 65% left bundle branch block [LBBB], left ventricular ejection fraction 23 ± 6%, 63% ischemic cardiomyopathy). Preimplant digital 12-lead electrocardiogram was transformed into orthogonal XYZ electrocardiogram. SAI QRST was measured as an arithmetic sum of areas under the QRST curve on XYZ leads and was dichotomized based on the median value (302 mV ms). All-cause mortality served as the primary end point. A composite of 2-year all-cause mortality, heart transplant, and HF hospitalization was a secondary end point. Cox regression models were adjusted for known predictors of CRT response. Patients with preimplant low mean SAI QRST had an increased risk of both the primary (hazard ratio [HR] 1.8, 95% CI 1.01 to 3.2) and secondary (HR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.2) end points after multivariate adjustment. SAI QRST was associated with secondary outcome in subgroups of patients with LBBB (HR 2.1, 95% CI 1.5 to 3.0) and with non-LBBB (HR 1.7, 95% CI 1.0 to 2.6). In patients undergoing CRT, preimplant SAI QRST
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  • Végh, Eszter M, et al. (författare)
  • A new simplified electrocardiographic score predicts clinical outcome in patients treated with CRT
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Europace. - : Oxford University Press. - 1532-2092. ; 20:3, s. 492-500
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) reduces morbidity and mortality for patients with heart failure and wide QRS complex, but up to 1/3 of patients are "non-responders" to the therapy. This study examines the ability of a simple standard electrocardiogram (ECG)-based scoring system to predict clinical outcome. Methods and results Four hundred and ninety-one consecutive patients with CRT-implants (79% males, mean age 71 years, LVEF 24%, 59% with ischemic cardiomyopathy, 83% in NYHA class III) were included from a single large volume centre. All patients met standard indications for CRT, and were followed for 3 years after CRT implantation. Three ECG parameters were measured on the post-implant ECG, and compared to pre-implantation measurements: QRS duration, time to intrinsicoid deflection onset (ID) in V1 lead, amplitude change in V1 lead. Each positive ECG variable was given a numerical value of 1 to create the score (ranging 0–3). Clinical outcome was assessed as a composite of all-cause death, left ventricular assist device implantation, cardiac transplantation and HF hospitalization. Event-free survival was predicted by shortening of QRS duration ≥20 ms (HR 0.66 [95% CI 0.48–0.90] P = 0.009), ≥50% decreased summed R + S amplitude in V1 lead (HR 0.67 [0.49–0.90] P = 0.009) and ≤40 msec ID time in lead V1 during pacing (HR 0.63 [0.46–0.86] P = 0.004). The total score was an independent predictor for both event-free survival (HR 0.65 [0.54–0.77] P < 0.001) and for ≥10% left ventricular ejection fraction improvement (OR 1.7 [1.3–2.3] P < 0.001). Conclusions Composite data from 12-lead ECG during CRT-treatment can be used in a simple score to predict long-term clinical outcome.
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8.
  • Venkateswaran, Ramkumar V, et al. (författare)
  • Anemia and its association with clinical outcome in heart failure patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology. - : Springer. - 1572-8595. ; 44:3, s. 297-304
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although a substantial proportion of patients with heart failure (HF) have anemia, there is a paucity of data evaluating the impact of anemia on clinical outcome in CRT patients. Our goal was to examine the ability of baseline hemoglobin (Hb) level and change in Hb level over time to predict clinical 2-year outcome and echocardiographic response to CRT.
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