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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Sjöwall Christoffer 1975 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Sjöwall Christoffer 1975 )

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  • Parodis, Ioannis, et al. (författare)
  • Smoking reduces the efficacy of belimumab in mucocutaneous lupus
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy. - : Ashley Publications. - 1471-2598 .- 1744-7682. ; 18:8, s. 911-920
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Recently, we demonstrated a negative impact of smoking on belimumab efficacy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here, we particularly investigated clinical effects of belimumab and a potential impact of smoking in mucocutaneous and articular SLE. Methods: We surveyed 62 SLE patients treated between 2011 and 2017. Evaluation included the mucocutaneous descriptors of SLEDAI-2K (rash, alopecia, mucosal ulcers; mcSLEDAI-2K), CLASI, the arthritis SLEDAI-2K descriptor (arSLEDAI-2K) and the 28-joint count. Results: mcSLEDAI-2K and CLASI activity decreased from baseline to month 6 and 12 (P < 0.001 for all). No worsening in CLASI damage was observed. Current or previous smokers displayed a higher probability of unchanged/worsened mcSLEDAI-2K compared to never smokers (OR: 6.4; 95% CI: 1.5–27.4; P = 0.012), also after adjustment for antimalarial agents. arSLEDAI-2K scores had decreased at month 6 (P < 0.001) and 12 (P < 0.001). Likewise, tender and swollen 28-joint counts had improved at month 6 (P = 0.010 and P < 0.001, respectively) and 12 (P = 0.001 for both). We observed no impact of smoking on belimumab efficacy in articular SLE. Conclusion: We observed a negative impact of smoking on the efficacy of belimumab in mucocutaneous SLE. In contrast, no impact of smoking on belimumab efficacy was seen in patients with articular manifestations.
  • Wirestam, Lina, et al. (författare)
  • Osteopontin and disease activity in patients with recent-onset systemic Lupus Erythematosus : Results from the SLICC Inception Cohort
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rheumatology. - : J Rheumatol Publ Co. - 0315-162X .- 1499-2752. ; 46:5, s. 492-500
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. In cross-sectional studies, elevated osteopontin (OPN) levels have been proposed to reflect, and/or precede, progressive organ damage and disease severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed, in a cohort of patients with recent-onset SLE, to determine whether raised serum OPN levels precede damage and/or are associated with disease activity or certain disease phenotypes. Methods. We included 344 patients from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) Inception Cohort who had 5 years of followup data available. All patients fulfilled the 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Baseline sera from patients and from age- and sex-matched population-based controls were analyzed for OPN using ELISA. Disease activity and damage were assessed at each annual followup visit using the SLE Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) and the SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI), respectively. Results. Compared to controls, baseline OPN was raised 4-fold in SLE cases (p < 0.0001). After relevant adjustments in a binary logistic regression model, OPN levels failed to significantly predict global damage accrual defined as SDI ≥ 1 at 5 years. However, baseline OPN correlated with SLEDAI-2K at enrollment into the cohort (r = 0.27, p < 0.0001), and patients with high disease activity (SLEDAI-2K ≥ 5) had raised serum OPN (p < 0.0001). In addition, higher OPN levels were found in patients with persistent disease activity (p = 0.0006), in cases with renal involvement (p < 0.0001) and impaired estimated glomerular filtration rate (p = 0.01). Conclusion. The performance of OPN to predict development of organ damage was not impressive. However, OPN associated significantly with lupus nephritis and with raised disease activity at enrollment, as well as over time.
  • Sjöwall, Christoffer, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • Pathogenic implications for autoantibodies against C-reactive protein and other acute phase proteins
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Clinica Chimica Acta. - 0009-8981 .- 1873-3492. ; 378:1-2, s. 13-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic rheumatic disease characterized clinically by multiorgan involvement and serologically by the occurrence of antinuclear antibodies. SLE patients may present with multiple autoantibodies to cytoplasmic and cell surface antigens as well as to circulating plasma proteins. Another feature of SLE is that serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) often remain low despite high disease activity and despite high levels of other acute phase proteins and interleukin-6, i.e. the main CRP inducing cytokine. Apart from its important role as a laboratory marker of inflammation, CRP attracts increasing interest due to its many intriguing biological functions, one of which is a role as an opsonin contributing to the elimination of apoptotic cell debris, e.g. nucleosomes, thereby preventing immunization against autoantigens. Recently, autoantibodies against CRP and other acute phase proteins have been reported in certain rheumatic conditions, including SLE. Although the presence of anti-CRP autoantibodies does not explain the failed CRP response in SLE, antibodies directed against acute phase proteins have several implications of pathogenetic interest. This paper thus highlights the biological and clinical aspects of native and monomeric CRP and anti-CRP, as well as autoantibodies against mannose-binding lectin, serum amyloid A and serum amyloid P component. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Skoglund, Caroline, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • C-reactive protein inhibit complement-mediated platelet activation suggesting a protective role in atherogenesis
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Atherosclerosis Supplements. - Clare, Ireland : Elsevier. - 1567-5688 .- 1878-5050. ; 7:3, s. 284-284
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    •   Objective: C-reactive protein (CRP) represents a powerful predictor of coro- nary artery disease. However, its physiological role is not fully understood. The binding of CRP to its ligand phosphorylcholine (PC) activates the com- plement system via the classical pathway, although limited to the initial stages, i.e. no membrane attack complex is formed. The aim of this study was to chaxacterize CRP-induced complement activation on PC-coated surfaces, and to investigate the regulatory effects of PC-bound crp on complement induced platelet activation.Methods: PC conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin was immobilized to cross-linked fibrinogen on silica particles. Ellipsometry and polyclonal anti- bodies were used to quantify deposition of serum proteins, complement factors and CRP on the surfaces. Washed platelets as well as serum were prepared according to standard protocols. CRP concentrations were measured with a high sensitivity assay. Lumi-aggregometry was used to evaluate the effects of PC-coated particles and CRP on complement-induced platelet aggregation and secretion.Results: Serum (5%) induced platelet aggregation and secretion through complement-dependent mechanisms. PC-coated particles antagonized the complement-mediated platelet activation but only if CRP was present. Inter- estingly, we found that a minor elevation of CRR below 5 rag/1 was sufficient to inhibit platelet activation.Conclusions: We suggest that CRP bound to PC-expressing ligands, e.g. bacteria or modified low-density lipoproteins in an atherosclerotic lesion, modulate complement activation and thereby prevent a harmful platelet activation.
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