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Sökning: WFRF:(Skogh T)

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  • Ge, Changrong, et al. (författare)
  • Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies cause arthritis by cross-reactivity to joint cartilage
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: JCI insight. - : AMER SOC CLINICAL INVESTIGATION INC. - 2379-3708. ; 2:13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Today, it is known that autoimmune diseases start a long time before clinical symptoms appear. Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) appear many years before the clinical onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it is still unclear if and how ACPAs are arthritogenic. To better understand the molecular basis of pathogenicity of ACPAs, we investigated autoantibodies reactive against the C1 epitope of collagen type II (CII) and its citrullinated variants. We found that these antibodies are commonly occurring in RA. A mAb (ACC1) against citrullinated C1 was found to cross-react with several noncitrullinated epitopes on native CII, causing proteoglycan depletion of cartilage and severe arthritis in mice. Structural studies by X-ray crystallography showed that such recognition is governed by a shared structural motif "RG-TG" within all the epitopes, including electrostatic potential-controlled citrulline specificity. Overall, we have demonstrated a molecular mechanism that explains how ACPAs trigger arthritis.
  • Frodlund, M., et al. (författare)
  • Immunoglobulin A anti-phospholipid antibodies in Swedish cases of systemic lupus erythematosus : associations with disease phenotypes, vascular events and damage accrual
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Clinical and Experimental Immunology. - : WILEY. - 0009-9104 .- 1365-2249. ; 194:1, s. 27-38
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Immunoglobulin (Ig) G- and IgM-class anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and lupus anti-coagulant (LA) are included in the 1997 update of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR-97) systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) criteria. Despite limited evidence, IgA-aCL and IgA anti-(2)-glycoprotein-I (anti-(2)GPI) were included in the 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics criteria. The present study aimed to evaluate IgG-/IgA-/IgM-aCL and anti-(2)GPI occurrence in relation to disease phenotype, smoking habits, pharmacotherapy, anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) and organ damage among 526 Swedish SLE patients meeting ACR-97. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (n=100), primary Sjogren's syndrome (n=50) and blood donors (n=507) served as controls. Anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) were analysed by fluoroenzyme-immunoassays detecting aCL/anti-(2)GPI. Seventy-six (14%) SLE cases fulfilled the Sydney APS-criteria, and 1 aCL/anti-(2)GPI isotype (IgG/IgA/IgM) occurred in 138 SLE patients (26%). Forty-five (9%) of the SLE cases had IgA-aCL, 20 of whom (4%) lacked IgG-/IgM-aCL. Seventy-four (14%) tested positive for IgA anti-(2)GPI, 34 (6%) being seronegative regarding IgG/IgM anti-(2)GPI. Six (1%) had APS manifestations but were seropositive regarding IgA-aCL and/or IgA anti-(2)GPI in the absence of IgG/IgM-aPL and LA. Positive LA and IgG-aPL tests were associated with most APS-related events and organ damage. Exclusive IgA anti-(2)GPI occurrence associated inversely with Caucasian ethnicity [odds ratio (OR)=021, 95% confidence interval (CI)=006-072) and photosensitivity (OR=019, 95% CI=005-072). Nephritis, smoking, LA-positivity and statin/corticosteroid-medication associated strongly with organ damage, whereas hydroxychloroquine-medication was protective. In conclusion, IgA-aPL is not rare in SLE (16%) and IgA-aPL analysis may have additional value among SLE cases with suspected APS testing negative for other isotypes of aPL and LA.
  • Salomonsson, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • A population-based investigation of the autoantibody profile in mothers of children with atrioventricular block.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. - Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1365-3083 .- 0300-9475. ; 74, s. 511-517
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of the study was to investigate the antigen specificity and occurrence of individual autoantibodies in mothers of children diagnosed with atrioventricular (AV) block in a nation-wide setting. Patients with AV block detected before 15 years of age were identified using national quality registries as well as a network of pediatric and adult cardiologists and rheumatologists at the six university hospitals in Sweden. Patients with gross heart malformations, surgically or infectiously induced blocks were excluded. Blood samples were obtained from the mothers and maternal autoantibody profile, including the occurrence of antibodies against Ro52, Ro60, La, SmB, SmD, RNP-70k, RNP-A, RNP-C, CENP-C, Scl-70, Jo-1, ribosomal RNP and histones was investigated in 193 mothers of children with AV block by immunoblotting and ELISA. Autoantibody reactivity was detected in 48% (93/193) of the mothers of children with AV block. In autoantibody-positive mothers, the vast majority, 95% (88/93), had antibodies against Ro52, while 63% (59/93) had autoantibodies to Ro60 and 58% (54/93) had autoantibodies to La. In addition, 13% (12/93) of the autoantibody-positive mothers had antibodies to other investigated antigens besides Ro52, Ro60 and La, and of these anti-histone antibodies were most commonly represented, detected in 8% (7/93) of the mothers. In conclusion, this Swedish population-based study confirm that maternal autoantibodies may associate with heart block in the child. Further, our data demonstrate a dominant role of Ro52 antibodies in association with AV block.
  • Ambrosi, Aurelie, et al. (författare)
  • Development of heart block in children of SSA/SSB-autoantibody-positive women is associated with maternal age and displays a season-of-birth pattern
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - London : BMJ Publishing Group. - 0003-4967 .- 1468-2060. ; 71:3, s. 334-340
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Congenital heart block may develop in the fetuses of Ro/SSA-positive and La/SSB-positive mothers. Recurrence rates of only 10-20% despite persisting maternal antibodies indicate that additional factors are critical for the establishment of heart block. The authors investigated the influence of other maternal and fetal factors on heart block development in a Swedish population-based cohort. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods The influence of fetal gender, maternal age, parity and time of birth on heart block development was analysed in 145 families, including Ro/La-positive (n=190) and Ro/La-negative (n=165) pregnancies. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults There was a recurrence rate of 12.1% in Ro/La-positive women, and no recurrence in Ro/La-negative women. Fetal gender and parity did not influence the development of heart block in either group. Maternal age in Ro/La-positive pregnancies with a child affected by heart block was, however, significantly higher than in pregnancies resulting in babies without heart block (pandlt;0.05). Seasonal timing of pregnancy influenced the outcome. Gestational susceptibility weeks 18-24 occurring during January-March correlated with a higher proportion of children with heart block and lower vitamin D levels during the same period in a representative sample of Swedish women and a corresponding higher proportion of children with heart block born in the summer (pandlt;0.02). Maternal age or seasonal timing of pregnancy did not affect the outcome in Ro/La-negative pregnancies. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusion This study identifies maternal age and seasonal timing of pregnancy as novel risk factors for heart block development in children of Ro/La-positive women. These observations may be useful for counselling when pregnancy is considered.
  • Docherty-Skogh, Ann-Charlott, et al. (författare)
  • Bone morphogenetic protein-2 delivered by hyaluronan-based hydrogel induces massive bone formation and healing of cranial defects in minipigs
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Plastic and reconstructive surgery (1963). - : Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. - 0032-1052 .- 1529-4242. ; 125:5, s. 1383-1392
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Reconstruction of large craniofacial bone defects is a challenge using bone transplants or alloplastic materials. The use of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 together with a suitable carrier is an attractive option that may facilitate new bone formation. The authors have developed a hydrogel that is formed in situ by the cross-linking of multifunctional hyaluronic acid and polyvinyl alcohol derivatives mixed with hydroxyapatite nanoparticles, in the presence of BMP-2. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of the hydrogel as a carrier for BMP-2 in repairing critical size cranial defects in a minipig model. Methods: Cranial defects (2 × 4 cm) were created in 14 minipigs. The experimental groups were as follows: group 1, craniotomy and application of 5 ml of hydrogel with 1.25 mg of BMP-2 (n = 6); group 2, craniotomy and application of 5 ml of hydrogel without BMP-2 (n = 6); and group 3, craniotomy with no further treatment (n = 2). Results: After 3 months, computed tomographic and histologic examinations were performed. There was spontaneous ossification in the untreated group, but the healing was incomplete. The hydrogel alone demonstrated no further effects. The addition of 1.25 mg of BMP-2 to the hydrogel induced a greater than 100 percent increase in bone volume (p = 0.003) and complete healing of the defects. Histologic examination revealed compact lamellar bone in the BMP group without intertrabecular fibrous tissue, as was seen in the other groups. The hydrogel was resorbed completely within 3 months and, importantly, caused no inflammatory reaction. Conclusion: The injectable hydrogel may be favorable as a BMP-2 carrier for bone reconstruction.
  • Engstrand, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Development of a bioactive implant for repair and potential healing of cranial defects
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurosurgery. - 0022-3085 .- 1933-0693. ; 120:1, s. 273-277
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The repair of complex craniofacial bone defects is challenging and a successful result is dependent on the size of the defect, quality of the soft tissue covering the defect, and choice of reconstruction method. The objective of this study was to develop a bioactive cranial implant that could provide a permanent reconstructive solution to the patient by stimulating bone healing of the defect. In this paper the authors report on the feasibility and clinical results of using such a newly developed device for the repair of a large traumatic and therapy-resistant cranial bone defect. The patient had undergone numerous attempts at repair, in which established methods had been tried without success. A mosaic-designed device was manufactured and implanted, comprising interconnected ceramic tiles with a defined calcium phosphate composition. The clinical outcome 30 months after surgery revealed a restored cranial vault without postoperative complications. Computed tomography demonstrated signs of bone ingrowth. Examination with combined 18F-fluoride PET and CT provided further evidence of bone healing of the cranial defect.
  • Ge, Changrong, et al. (författare)
  • Structural Basis of Cross-Reactivity of Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibodies
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Arthritis & Rheumatology. - : WILEY. - 2326-5191 .- 2326-5205. ; 71:2, s. 210-221
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) develop many years before the clinical onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was undertaken to address the molecular basis of the specificity and cross-reactivity of ACPAs from patients with RA. Methods Antibodies isolated from RA patients were expressed as monoclonal chimeric antibodies with mouse Fc. These antibodies were characterized for glycosylation using mass spectrometry, and their cross-reactivity was assessed using Biacore and Luminex immunoassays. The crystal structures of the antigen-binding fragment (Fab) of the monoclonal ACPA E4 in complex with 3 different citrullinated peptides were determined using x-ray crystallography. The prevalence of autoantibodies reactive against 3 of the citrullinated peptides that also interacted with E4 was investigated by Luminex immunoassay in 2 Swedish cohorts of RA patients. Results Analysis of the crystal structures of a monoclonal ACPA from human RA serum in complex with citrullinated peptides revealed key residues of several complementarity-determining regions that recognized the citrulline as well as the neighboring peptide backbone, but with limited contact with the side chains of the peptides. The same citrullinated peptides were recognized by high titers of serum autoantibodies in 2 large cohorts of RA patients. Conclusion These data show, for the first time, how ACPAs derived from human RA serum recognize citrulline. The specific citrulline recognition and backbone-mediated interactions provide a structural explanation for the promiscuous recognition of citrullinated peptides by RA-specific ACPAs.
  • Hellberg, Sandra, et al. (författare)
  • Dynamic Response Genes in CD4+ T Cells Reveal a Network of Interactive Proteins that Classifies Disease Activity in Multiple Sclerosis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Cell reports. - : Cell Press. - 2211-1247 .- 2211-1247. ; 16:11, s. 2928-2939
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the CNS and has a varying disease course as well as variable response to treatment. Biomarkers may therefore aid personalized treatment. We tested whether in vitro activation of MS patient-derived CD4+ T cells could reveal potential biomarkers. The dynamic gene expression response to activation was dysregulated in patient-derived CD4+ T cells. By integrating our findings with genome-wide association studies, we constructed a highly connected MS gene module, disclosing cell activation and chemotaxis as central components. Changes in several module genes were associated with differences in protein levels, which were measurable in cerebrospinal fluid and were used to classify patients from control individuals. In addition, these measurements could predict disease activity after 2 years and distinguish low and high responders to treatment in two additional, independent cohorts. While further validation is needed in larger cohorts prior to clinical implementation, we have uncovered a set of potentially promising biomarkers.
  • Neovius, E., et al. (författare)
  • Alveolar bone healing accompanied by severe swelling in cleft children treated with bone morphogenetic protein-2 delivered by hydrogel
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. - 1748-6815 .- 1532-1959 .- 1878-0539. ; 66:1, s. 37-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The use of osteoinductive growth factors may be preferable for alveolar cleft repair because it eliminates the need of bone harvesting. In the present prospective randomised pilot study, patients with alveolar clefts were treated with either bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) delivered by a hyaluronan-based hydrogel or autologous bone from the iliac crest. Methods: Seven patients with cleft lip or cleft lip and palate were included. Computed tomography (CT) was performed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. The residual cleft volume was compared with the initial volume. Surgery time, bleeding and hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Results: Four patients were randomised to treatment with BMP-2. A low BMP-2 concentration of 50 μg ml-1 hydrogel did not induce bone formation in treated patients (n = 2) after 6 months, as seen by CT scans. Therefore, the BMP-2 concentration was raised to 250 μg ml-1 hydrogel in the subsequently randomised patients (n = 2). Bone formation with volume ratio of 59% and 33% was here verified by CT scans after 6 months. However, a severe gingival swelling appeared during the first week in patients treated with higher BMP-2 doses. In the autologous bone group (n = 3), the volume ratio was 29%, 48%, and 69%. Mean surgery time was 100 min in the BMP-2 group and 123 min in the autologous bone group. The mean hospital stay was 2.75 and 3.33 days, respectively. Conclusions: BMP-2 at a concentration of 250 μg ml-1 delivered by a hydrogel can be used to treat alveolar cleft defects with good bone quantity and comparable to autologous bone grafts. However, severe gingival swelling may limit the use of BMP-2 for these patients. Therefore, the study was prematurely closed.
  • Wirestam, Lina, et al. (författare)
  • Osteopontin and disease activity in patients with recent-onset systemic Lupus Erythematosus : Results from the SLICC Inception Cohort
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rheumatology. - : J Rheumatol Publ Co. - 0315-162X .- 1499-2752. ; 46:5, s. 492-500
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. In cross-sectional studies, elevated osteopontin (OPN) levels have been proposed to reflect, and/or precede, progressive organ damage and disease severity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed, in a cohort of patients with recent-onset SLE, to determine whether raised serum OPN levels precede damage and/or are associated with disease activity or certain disease phenotypes. Methods. We included 344 patients from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) Inception Cohort who had 5 years of followup data available. All patients fulfilled the 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Baseline sera from patients and from age- and sex-matched population-based controls were analyzed for OPN using ELISA. Disease activity and damage were assessed at each annual followup visit using the SLE Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) and the SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI), respectively. Results. Compared to controls, baseline OPN was raised 4-fold in SLE cases (p < 0.0001). After relevant adjustments in a binary logistic regression model, OPN levels failed to significantly predict global damage accrual defined as SDI ≥ 1 at 5 years. However, baseline OPN correlated with SLEDAI-2K at enrollment into the cohort (r = 0.27, p < 0.0001), and patients with high disease activity (SLEDAI-2K ≥ 5) had raised serum OPN (p < 0.0001). In addition, higher OPN levels were found in patients with persistent disease activity (p = 0.0006), in cases with renal involvement (p < 0.0001) and impaired estimated glomerular filtration rate (p = 0.01). Conclusion. The performance of OPN to predict development of organ damage was not impressive. However, OPN associated significantly with lupus nephritis and with raised disease activity at enrollment, as well as over time.
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