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Sökning: WFRF:(Smielewski Peter)

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  • Hutchinson, Peter J, et al. (författare)
  • Consensus statement from the 2014 International Microdialysis Forum
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Intensive Care Medicine. - 0342-4642 .- 1432-1238. ; 41:9, s. 1517-1528
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Microdialysis enables the chemistry of the extracellular interstitial space to be monitored. Use of this technique in patients with acute brain injury has increased our understanding of the pathophysiology of several acute neurological disorders. In 2004, a consensus document on the clinical application of cerebral microdialysis was published. Since then, there have been significant advances in the clinical use of microdialysis in neurocritical care. The objective of this review is to report on the International Microdialysis Forum held in Cambridge, UK, in April 2014 and to produce a revised and updated consensus statement about its clinical use including technique, data interpretation, relationship with outcome, role in guiding therapy in neurocritical care and research applications.
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  • Howells, Tim, et al. (författare)
  • Optimal Cerebral Perfusion Pressure in Centers With Different Treatment Protocols
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Critical Care Medicine. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0090-3493 .- 1530-0293. ; 46:3, s. e235-e241
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The three centers in this study have different policies regarding cerebral perfusion pressure targets and use of vasopressors in traumatic brain injury patients. The aim was to determine if the different policies affected the estimation of cerebral perfusion pressure which optimizes the strength of cerebral autoregulation, termed "optimal cerebral perfusion pressure." Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Setting: Three neurocritical care units at university hospitals in Cambridge, United Kingdom, Groningen, the Netherlands, and Uppsala, Sweden. Patients: A total of 104 traumatic brain injury patients were included: 35 each from Cambridge and Groningen, and 34 from Uppsala. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: In Groningen, the cerebral perfusion pressure target was greater than or equal to 50 and less than 70mm Hg, in Uppsala greater than or equal to 60, and in Cambridge greater than or equal to 60 or preferably greater than or equal to 70. Despite protocol differences, median cerebral perfusion pressure for each center was above 70mm Hg. Optimal cerebral perfusion pressure was calculated as previously published and implemented in the Intensive Care Monitoring+ software by the Cambridge group, now replicated in the Odin software in Uppsala. Periods with cerebral perfusion pressure above and below optimal cerebral perfusion pressure were analyzed, as were absolute difference between cerebral perfusion pressure and optimal cerebral perfusion pressure and percentage of monitoring time with a valid optimal cerebral perfusion pressure. Uppsala had the highest cerebral perfusion pressure/optimal cerebral perfusion pressure difference. Uppsala patients were older than the other centers, and age is positively correlated with cerebral perfusion pressure/optimal cerebral perfusion pressure difference. Optimal cerebral perfusion pressure was significantly lower in Groningen than in Cambridge. There were no significant differences in percentage of monitoring time with valid optimal cerebral perfusion pressure. Summary optimal cerebral perfusion pressure curves were generated for the combined patient data for each center. These summary curves could be generated for Groningen and Cambridge, but not Uppsala. The older age of the Uppsala patient cohort may explain the absence of a summary curve. Conclusions: Differences in optimal cerebral perfusion pressure calculation were found between centers due to demographics (age) and treatment (cerebral perfusion pressure targets). These factors should be considered in the design of trials to determine the efficacy of autoregulation-guided treatment.
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  • Mathieu, François, et al. (författare)
  • Relationship Between Measures of Cerebrovascular Reactivity and Intracranial Lesion Progression in Acute TBI Patients : an Exploratory Analysis.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Neurocritical Care. - : Springer. - 1541-6933 .- 1556-0961. ; 32:2, s. 373-382
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Failure of cerebral autoregulation and progression of intracranial lesion have both been shown to contribute to poor outcome in patients with acute traumatic brain injury (TBI), but the interplay between the two phenomena has not been investigated. Preliminary evidence leads us to hypothesize that brain tissue adjacent to primary injury foci may be more vulnerable to large fluctuations in blood flow in the absence of intact autoregulatory mechanisms. The goal of this study was therefore to assess the influence of cerebrovascular reactivity measures on radiological lesion expansion in a cohort of patients with acute TBI.METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis on 50 TBI patients who had undergone high-frequency multimodal intracranial monitoring and for which at least two brain computed tomography (CT) scans had been performed in the acute phase of injury. We first performed univariate analyses on the full cohort to identify non-neurophysiological factors (i.e., initial lesion volume, timing of scan, coagulopathy) associated with traumatic lesion growth in this population. In a subset analysis of 23 patients who had intracranial recording data covering the period between the initial and repeat CT scan, we then correlated changes in serial volumetric lesion measurements with cerebrovascular reactivity metrics derived from the pressure reactivity index (PRx), pulse amplitude index (PAx), and RAC (correlation coefficient between the pulse amplitude of intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure). Using multivariate methods, these results were subsequently adjusted for the non-neurophysiological confounders identified in the univariate analyses.RESULTS: We observed significant positive linear associations between the degree of cerebrovascular reactivity impairment and progression of pericontusional edema. The strongest correlations were observed between edema progression and the following indices of cerebrovascular reactivity between sequential scans: % time PRx > 0.25 (r = 0.69, p = 0.002) and % time PAx > 0.25 (r = 0.64, p = 0.006). These associations remained significant after adjusting for initial lesion volume and mean cerebral perfusion pressure. In contrast, progression of the hemorrhagic core and extra-axial hemorrhage volume did not appear to be strongly influenced by autoregulatory status.CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary findings suggest a possible link between autoregulatory failure and traumatic edema progression, which warrants re-evaluation in larger-scale prospective studies.
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  • Mathieu, François, et al. (författare)
  • Relationship between Measures of CerebrovascularReactivity and Intracranial Lesion Progressionin Acute Traumatic Brain Injury Patients:A CENTER-TBI Study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurotrauma. - : Mary Ann Liebert. - 0897-7151 .- 1557-9042. ; 37:13, s. 1556-1565
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Failure of cerebral autoregulation has been linked to unfavorable outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Preliminary evidence from a small, retrospective, single-center analysis suggests that autoregulatory dysfunction may be associated with traumatic lesion expansion, particularly for pericontusional edema. The goal of this study was to further explore these associations using prospective, multi-center data from the Collaborative European Neurotrauma Effectiveness Research in TBI (CENTER-TBI) and to further explore the relationship between autoregulatory failure, lesion progression, and patient outcome. A total of 88 subjects from the CENTER-TBI High Resolution ICU Sub-Study cohort were included. All patients had an admission computed tomography (CT) scan and early repeat scan available, as well as high-frequency neurophysiological recordings covering the between-scan interval. Using a novel, semiautomated approach at lesion segmentation, we calculated absolute changes in volume of contusion core, pericontusional edema, and extra-axial hemorrhage between the imaging studies. We then evaluated associations between cerebrovascular reactivity metrics and radiological lesion progression using mixed-model regression. Analyses were adjusted for baseline covariates and non-neurophysiological factors associated with lesion growth using multi-variate methods. Impairment in cerebrovascular reactivity was significantly associated with progression of pericontusional edema and, to a lesser degree, intraparenchymal hemorrhage. In contrast, there were no significant associations with extra-axial hemorrhage. The strongest relationships were observed between RAC-based metrics and edema formation. Pulse amplitude index showed weaker, but consistent, associations with contusion growth. Cerebrovascular reactivity metrics remained strongly associated with lesion progression after taking into account contributions from non-neurophysiological factors and mean cerebral perfusion pressure. Total hemorrhagic core and edema volumes on repeat CT were significantly larger in patients who were deceased at 6 months, and the amount of edema was greater in patients with an unfavourable outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended 1–4). Our study suggests associations between autoregulatory failure, traumatic edema progression, and poor outcome. This is in keeping with findings from a single-center retrospective analysis, providing multi-center prospective data to support those results.
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  • Zeiler, Frederick A., et al. (författare)
  • Association between Physiological Signal Complexity and Outcomes in Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury : A CENTER-TBI Exploratory Analysis of Multi-Scale Entropy
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurotrauma. - : Mary Ann Liebert. - 0897-7151 .- 1557-9042. ; 38:2, s. 272-282
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In traumatic brain injury (TBI), preliminary retrospective work on signal entropy suggests an association with global outcome. The goal of this study was to provide multi-center validation of the association between multi-scale entropy (MSE) of cardiovascular and cerebral physiological signals, with six-month outcome. Using the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in TBI (CENTER-TBI) high-resolution intensive care unit (ICU) cohort, we selected patients with a minimum of 72 h of physiological recordings and a documented six-month Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended (GOSE) score. The 10-sec summary data for heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), intracranial pressure (ICP), and pulse amplitude of ICP (AMP) were derived across the first 72 h of data. The MSE complexity index (MSE-Ci) was determined for HR, MAP, ICP, and AMP, with the association between MSE and dichotomized six-month outcomes assessed using Mann-Whitney U testing and logistic regression analysis. A total of 160 patients had a minimum of 72 h of recording and a documented outcome. Decreased HR MSE-Ci (7.3 [interquartile range (IQR) 5.4 to 10.2] vs. 5.1 [IQR 3.1 to 7.0]; p = 0.002), lower ICP MSE-Ci (11.2 [IQR 7.5 to 14.2] vs. 7.3 [IQR 6.1 to 11.0]; p = 0.009), and lower AMP MSE-Ci (10.9 [IQR 8.0 to 13.7] vs. 8.7 [IQR 6.6 to 11.0]; p = 0.022), were associated with death. Similarly, lower HR MSE-Ci (8.0 [IQR 6.2 to 10.9] vs. 6.2 [IQR 3.9 to 8.7]; p = 0.003) and lower ICP MSE-Ci (11.4 [IQR 8.6 to 14.4)] vs. 9.2 [IQR 6.0 to 13.5]), were associated with unfavorable outcome. Logistic regression analysis confirmed that lower HR MSE-Ci and ICP MSE-Ci were associated with death and unfavorable outcome at six months. These findings suggest that a reduction in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular system entropy is associated with worse outcomes. Further work in the field of signal complexity in TBI multi-modal monitoring is required.
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  • Zeiler, Frederick A, et al. (författare)
  • Brain Tissue Oxygen and Cerebrovascular Reactivity in Traumatic Brain Injury : A Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury Exploratory Analysis of Insult Burden
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurotrauma. - : Mary Ann Liebert. - 0897-7151 .- 1557-9042. ; 37:17, s. 1854-1863
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pressure reactivity index (PRx) and brain tissue oxygen (PbtO2) are associated with outcome in traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study explores the relationship between PRx and PbtO2 in adult moderate/severe TBI. Using the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) high resolution intensive care unit (ICU) sub-study cohort, we evaluated those patients with archived high-frequency digital intraparenchymal intracranial pressure (ICP) and PbtO2 monitoring data of, a minimum of 6 h in duration, and the presence of a 6 month Glasgow Outcome Scale -Extended (GOSE) score. Digital physiological signals were processed for ICP, PbtO2, and PRx, with the % time above/below defined thresholds determined. The duration of ICP, PbtO2, and PRx derangements was characterized. Associations with dichotomized 6-month GOSE (alive/dead, and favorable/unfavorable outcome; ≤ 4 = unfavorable), were assessed. A total of 43 patients were included. Severely impaired cerebrovascular reactivity was seen during elevated ICP and low PbtO2 episodes. However, most of the acute ICU physiological derangements were impaired cerebrovascular reactivity, not ICP elevations or low PbtO2 episodes. Low PbtO2 without PRx impairment was rarely seen. % time spent above PRx threshold was associated with mortality at 6 months for thresholds of 0 (area under the curve [AUC] 0.734, p = 0.003), > +0.25 (AUC 0.747, p = 0.002) and > +0.35 (AUC 0.745, p = 0.002). Similar relationships were not seen for % time with ICP >20 mm Hg, and PbtO2 < 20 mm Hg in this cohort. Extreme impairment in cerebrovascular reactivity is seen during concurrent episodes of elevated ICP and low PbtO2. However, the majority of the deranged cerebral physiology seen during the acute ICU phase is impairment in cerebrovascular reactivity, with most impairment occurring in the presence of normal PbtO2 levels. Measures of cerebrovascular reactivity appear to display the most consistent associations with global outcome in TBI, compared with ICP and PbtO2.
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10.
  • Zeiler, Frederick A., et al. (författare)
  • Diffuse Intracranial Injury Patterns Are Associated with Impaired Cerebrovascular Reactivity in Adult Traumatic Brain Injury : A CENTER-TBI Validation Study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurotrauma. - : Mary Ann Liebert. - 0897-7151 .- 1557-9042. ; 37:4, s. 1597-1608
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent single-center retrospective analysis displayed the association between admission computed tomography (CT) markers of diffuse intracranial injury and worse cerebrovascular reactivity. The goal of this study was to further explore these associations using the prospective multi-center Collaborative European Neurotrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) high-resolution intensive care unit (HR ICU) data set. Using the CENTER-TBI HR ICU sub-study cohort, we evaluated those patients with both archived high-frequency digital physiology (100 Hz or higher) and the presence of a digital admission CT scan. Physiological signals were processed for pressure reactivity index (PRx) and both the percent (%) time above defined PRx thresholds and mean hourly dose above threshold. Admission CT injury scores were obtained from the database. Quantitative contusion, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), and extra-axial lesion volumes were obtained via semi-automated segmentation. Comparison between admission CT characteristics and PRx metrics was conducted using Mann-U, Jonckheere-Terpstra testing, with a combination of univariate linear and logistic regression techniques. A total of 165 patients were included. Cisternal compression and high admission Rotterdam and Helsinki CT scores, and Marshall CT diffuse injury sub-scores were associated with increased percent (%) time and hourly dose above PRx threshold of 0, +0.25, and +0.35 (p < 0.02 for all). Logistic regression analysis displayed an association between deep peri-contusional edema and mean PRx above a threshold of +0.25. These results suggest that diffuse injury patterns, consistent with acceleration/deceleration forces, are associated with impaired cerebrovascular reactivity. Diffuse admission intracranial injury patterns appear to be consistently associated with impaired cerebrovascular reactivity, as measured through PRx. This is in keeping with the previous single-center retrospective literature on the topic. This study provides multi-center validation for those results, and provides preliminary data to support potential risk stratification for impaired cerebrovascular reactivity based on injury pattern.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 22
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