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Sökning: WFRF:(Soller M)

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  • Hollestelle, Antoinette, et al. (författare)
  • No clinical utility of KRAS variant rs61764370 for ovarian or breast cancer
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic Oncology. - : Academic Press. - 0090-8258. ; 141:2, s. 386-401
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Clinical genetic testing is commercially available for rs61764370, an inherited variant residing in a KRAS 3′ UTR microRNA binding site, based on suggested associations with increased ovarian and breast cancer risk as well as with survival time. However, prior studies, emphasizing particular subgroups, were relatively small. Therefore, we comprehensively evaluated ovarian and breast cancer risks as well as clinical outcome associated with rs61764370. Methods Centralized genotyping and analysis were performed for 140,012 women enrolled in the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (15,357 ovarian cancer patients; 30,816 controls), the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (33,530 breast cancer patients; 37,640 controls), and the Consortium of Modifiers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (14,765 BRCA1 and 7904 BRCA2 mutation carriers). Results We found no association with risk of ovarian cancer (OR = 0.99, 95% CI 0.94-1.04, p = 0.74) or breast cancer (OR = 0.98, 95% CI 0.94-1.01, p = 0.19) and results were consistent among mutation carriers (BRCA1, ovarian cancer HR = 1.09, 95% CI 0.97-1.23, p = 0.14, breast cancer HR = 1.04, 95% CI 0.97-1.12, p = 0.27; BRCA2, ovarian cancer HR = 0.89, 95% CI 0.71-1.13, p = 0.34, breast cancer HR = 1.06, 95% CI 0.94-1.19, p = 0.35). Null results were also obtained for associations with overall survival following ovarian cancer (HR = 0.94, 95% CI 0.83-1.07, p = 0.38), breast cancer (HR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.87-1.06, p = 0.38), and all other previously-reported associations. Conclusions rs61764370 is not associated with risk of ovarian or breast cancer nor with clinical outcome for patients with these cancers. Therefore, genotyping this variant has no clinical utility related to the prediction or management of these cancers.
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  • Nilsson, D., et al. (författare)
  • From cytogenetics to cytogenomics : whole genome sequencing as a comprehensive genetic test in rare disease diagnostics
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Human Genetics. - : Springer Nature. - 1018-4813 .- 1476-5438. ; 27, s. 1666-1667
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Rare genetic diseases are caused by different types of genetic variants, from single nucleotide variants (SNVs) to large chromosomal rearrangements. Recent data indicates that whole genome sequencing (WGS) may be used as a comprehensive test to identify multiple types of pathologic genetic aberrations in a single analysis.We present FindSV, a bioinformatic pipeline for detection of balanced (inversions and translocations) and unbalanced (deletions and duplications) structural variants (SVs). First, FindSV was tested on 106 validated deletions and duplications with a median size of 850 kb (min: 511 bp, max: 155 Mb). All variants were detected. Second, we demonstrated the clinical utility in 138 monogenic WGS panels. SV analysis yielded 11 diagnostic findings (8%). Remarkably, a complex structural rearrangement involving two clustered deletions disrupting SCN1A, SCN2A, and SCN3A was identified in a three months old girl with epileptic encephalopathy. Finally, 100 consecutive samples referred for clinical microarray were also analyzed by WGS. The WGS data was screened for large (>2 kbp) SVs genome wide, processed for visualization in our clinical routine arrayCGH workflow with the newly developed tool vcf2cytosure, and for exonic SVs and SNVs in a panel of 700 genes linked to intellectual disability. We also applied short tandem repeat (STR) expansion detection and discovered one pathologic expansion in ATXN7. The diagnostic rate (29%) was doubled compared to clinical microarray (12%).In conclusion, using WGS we have detected a wide range of structural variation with high accuracy, confirming it a powerful comprehensive genetic test in a clinical diagnostic laboratory setting.
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  • Johnston, Jennifer J., et al. (författare)
  • Molecular Analysis Expands the Spectrum of Phenotypes Associated with GLI3 Mutations
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Human Mutation. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 1059-7794. ; 31:10, s. 1142-1154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A range of phenotypes including Greig cephalopolysyndactyly and Pallister-Hall syndromes (GCPS, PHS) are caused by pathogenic mutation of the GLI3 gene. To characterize the clinical variability of GLI3 mutations, we present a subset of a cohort of 174 probands referred for GLI3 analysis. Eighty-one probands with typical GCPS or PHS were previously reported, and we report the remaining 93 probands here. This includes 19 probands (12 mutations) who fulfilled clinical criteria for GCPS or PHS, 48 probands (16 mutations) with features of GCPS or PHS but who did not meet the clinical criteria (sub-GCPS and sub-PHS), 21 probands (6 mutations) with features of PHS or GCPS and oral-facial- digital syndrome, and 5 probands (1 mutation) with nonsyndromic polydactyly. These data support previously identified genotype-phenotype correlations and demonstrate a more variable degree of severity than previously recognized. The finding of GLI3 mutations in patients with features of oral-facial-digital syndrome supports the observation that GLI3 interacts with cilia. We conclude that the phenotypic spectrum of GLI3 mutations is broader than that encompassed by the clinical diagnostic criteria, but the genotype-phenotype correlation persists. Individuals with features of either GCPS or PHS should be screened for mutations in GLI3 even if they do not fulfill clinical criteria. Hum Mutat 31:1142-1154, 2010. (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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