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1.
  • Friberg, Danielle, et al. (författare)
  • Sibling risk of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and adenotonsillar hypertrophy.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Sleep. - 0161-8105 .- 1550-9109. ; 32:8, s. 1077-1083
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives:To estimate sibling risk of hospitalization for children with sleep disordered breathing (SDB), diagnosed with (1) obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), or (2) adenotonsillar hypertrophy in the total Swedish population.Design, Setting, and Participants:Using the MigMed database at the Karolinska Institute, we divided the population of Sweden aged 0–18 years into sibling groups based on a shared mother and father and presence of a primary hospital diagnosis of OSAS or adenotonsillar hypertrophy for each individual born between 1978 and 1986, during the follow-up period 1997–2004. Individuals with at least one affected sibling were identified and the incidence rates were computed, using standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Reference groups were boys and girls with unaffected siblings of 2 or more.Results:After accounting for socioeconomic status, age, and geographic region, boys with at least one sibling with OSAS had an increased risk of having OSAS (SIR, 33.2; 95% CI, 16.5–64.8), and in girls the SIR was 40.5 (19.4–81.4). For hypertrophy of the tonsils or hypertrophy of the adenoids and tonsils the corresponding SIRs were 4.53 (3.0–6.8) for boys and 4.94 (3.3–7.4) for girls.Conclusions:The study indicate an increased sibling risk of sleep disordered breathing in children, which may be due to heritable genes and/or shared environment such as increased awareness among family members or referring doctors. Caregivers should ask parents if siblings have similar symptoms, and thus offer them early treatment.
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2.
  • Hemminki, K., et al. (författare)
  • Familial association between type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune and related diseases
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Diabetologia. - : Springer. - 1432-0428. ; 52:9, s. 1820-1828
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the era of genome-wide association studies, familial risks are used to estimate disease heritability and success in gene identification. We wanted to estimate associations between type 1 diabetes mellitus and 33 autoimmune and related diseases in parents, offspring, singleton siblings and twins. The availability of a Multigeneration Register in Sweden provides reliable access to families throughout the last century. The diseases in individual family members were obtained through linkage to the Hospital Discharge Register. Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated as relative risks of contracting type 1 diabetes in family members of affected patients compared with those lacking affected family members. Among a total of 450,899 patients, 21,168 were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Familial cases amounted to 10.3% of all type 1 diabetes patients. SIR for type 1 diabetes was 8.23 in offspring of affected parents, 11.92 in singleton siblings, 39.22 in multiplex families and 21.88 in twins; the calculated risk for monozygotic twins was 32.33. Type 1 diabetes in offspring was associated with 13 diseases in parents, including Addison's disease (SIR 2.41), asthma (1.38), coeliac disease (2.73), Graves' disease/hyperthyroidism (1.86), Hashimoto disease/hypothyroidism (2.35), pernicious anaemia (3.09), primary biliary cirrhosis (3.63), rheumatoid arthritis (2.12), sarcoidosis (1.62), systemic lupus erythematosus (2.04), ulcerative colitis (1.23) and Wegener's granulomatosis (2.12). The concordant familial risks for type 1 diabetes were high and the calculated risk for multiplex families and monozygotic twins may be explained by epistatic gene x gene or gene x environment interactions. Familial associations with several autoimmune and related diseases suggest genetic sharing and challenge to gene identification.
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3.
  • J, Sundquist, et al. (författare)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in siblings : an 8-year Swedish follow-up study.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Sleep. - 0161-8105 .- 1550-9109. ; 31:6, s. 817-823
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background:Understanding the genetic transmission of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) will help clinicians identify patients at risk and offer opportunities for intervention and treatment at specialist clinics.Objective:To estimate familial risk of hospitalization for OSAS in the adult population of Sweden, and to determine if there are any differences by age and sex.Design, setting, and participants:Using the MigMed database at the Karolinska Institute, we divided the population of Sweden into sibling groups based on a shared mother and father and ascertained the presence or absence of a primary hospital diagnosis of OSAS in each individual during the follow-up period, 1997 to 2004. Individuals were categorized as having or not having a sibling with OSAS, based on the presence or absence of the disorder in at least 1 of their siblings. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for men and women with a sibling with OSAS, compared with men and women in the reference group (SIR = 1).Results:After accounting for socioeconomic status, age, geographic region, and period of diagnosis, men with at least 1 sibling who had OSAS had a SIR of 3.42 (95% CI, 2.18–5.36); the corresponding SIR in women was 3.25 (95% CI, 1.84–5.65).Conclusions:Our results indicate that physicians should consider family history of OSAS when deciding whether to refer a patient for further sleep examinations.
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4.
  • Ji, J., et al. (författare)
  • Cancer risk in hospitalised asthma patients
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1532-1827. ; 100:5, s. 829-833
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Asthma is an increasingly common disorder, affecting 5-10% of the population. It involves a dysregulated immune function, which may predispose to subsequent cancer. We examined cancer risk among Swedish subjects who had hospital admission once or multiple times for asthma. An asthma research database was created by identifying asthma patients from the Swedish Hospital Discharge Register and by linking them with the Cancer Registry. A total of 140 425 patients were hospitalised for asthma during 1965-2004, of whom 7421 patients developed cancer, giving an overall standardised incidence ratio (SIR) of 1.36. A significant increase was noted for most sites, with the exception of breast and ovarian cancers and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and myeloma. Patients with multiple hospital admissions showed a high risk, particularly for stomach (SIR 1.70) and colon (SIR 1.99) cancers. A significant decrease was noted for endometrial cancer and skin melanoma. Oesophageal and lung cancers showed high risks throughout the study period, whereas stomach cancer increased towards the end of the period. The relatively stable temporal trends suggest that the asthmatic condition rather than its medication is responsible for the observed associations. British Journal of Cancer (2009) 100, 829-833. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6604890 www.bjcancer.com Published online 27 January 2009 (C) 2009 Cancer Research UK
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5.
  • Wändell, Per, et al. (författare)
  • The association between relevant co-morbidities and prevalent as well as incident heart failure in patients with atrial fibrillation
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cardiology. - : Elsevier. - 0914-5087 .- 1876-4738. ; 72:1, s. 26-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a serious complication in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Objective: To study associations between relevant co-morbidities and CHF in patients with AF. Methods: Study population included all adults (n = 12,283) ≥45 years diagnosed with AF at 75 primary care centers in Sweden 2001-2007. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the associations between co-morbidities, and prevalent CHF. In a subsample (n = 9424), (excluding patients with earlier CHF), Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios with 95% CIs for the association between co-morbidities, and a first hospital diagnosis of CHF, after adjustment for age and socio-economic factors. Results: During 5.4 years' follow-up (standard deviation 2.5), 2259 patients (24.0%; 1135 men, 21.8%, and 1124 women, 26.7%) were diagnosed with CHF. Patients with hypertension were less likely to have CHF, while a diagnosis of coronary heart disease, valvular heart disease, diabetes, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), was consistently associated with CHF among men and women. CHF was more common among women with depression. The relative fully adjusted risk of incident CHF was increased for the following diseases in men with AF: valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and diabetes; and for the following diseases in women: valvular heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and COPD. The corresponding risk was decreased among women for hypertension. Conclusions: In this clinical setting we found hypertension to be associated with a decreased risk of CHF among women; valvular heart disease and diabetes to be associated with an increased risk of CHF in both sexes; and cardiomyopathy to be associated with an increased risk of CHF among men.
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6.
  • Friberg, Danielle, et al. (författare)
  • Parental poverty and occupation as risk factors for pediatric sleep-disordered breathing.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Sleep Medicine. - : Elsevier. - 1878-5506. ; 16:9, s. 1169-1175
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous studies have found associations between pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and socioeconomic status (SES), as well as a neighborhood-related disadvantage. This study analyzes the association among familial SES, parental occupation, and SDB in Swedish offspring.
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7.
  • Ji, J., et al. (författare)
  • Cancer risk in hospitalized sarcoidosis patients: a follow-up study in Sweden
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - : Oxford University Press. - 1569-8041. ; 20:6, s. 1121-1126
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Sarcoidosis patients show dysregulated immune function, which may be related to subsequent cancer. We examined here the overall and specific cancer risks among Swedish subjects who had been hospitalized for sarcoidosis. Methods: A sarcoidosis research database was created by identifying hospitalized sarcoidosis patients from the Swedish Hospital Discharge Register and by linking them with the Cancer Registry. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated for cancers in sarcoidosis patients compared with subjects without sarcoidosis. Results: A total of 10 037 patients were hospitalized for sarcoidosis during years 1964-2004. Among them 1045 patients developed subsequent cancer, giving an overall SIR of 1.40 and 1.18 for cancer diagnosed later than 1 year of follow-up. A significant excess was noted for skin (squamous cell), kidney and nonthyroid endocrine tumors and additionally for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and leukemia. Patients with multiple hospitalizations showed high risks. Conclusions: A 40% overall excess incidence of cancer was noted among sarcoidosis patients, but the increase was confined mainly to the first year after hospitalization. However, the increased risks of skin cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and leukemia, especially for those with multiple hospitalizations or hospitalized at old age, call for clinical attention.
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8.
  • Lundkvist, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Familial risk of sleep-disordered breathing
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Sleep Medicine. - : Elsevier. - 1878-5506 .- 1389-9457. ; 13:6, s. 668-673
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To estimate the incidence of hospitalization for paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) or sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) caused by adenotonsillar or tonsillar hypertrophy without infection in children with a parent affected by OSAS. Patients and methods: Using the MigMed database at Lund University, hospital data on all children aged 0-18 years in Sweden between 1997 and 2007 (total of 3 million individuals) were used to identify all first hospital admissions for OSAS or either adenotonsillar or tonsillar hypertrophy. Next, individuals were categorized as either having or not having a parent affected by OSAS. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for boys and girls with a parent affected by OSAS. Children with OSAS or adenotonsillar or tonsillar hypertrophy without a parent affected by OSAS acted as the reference group (SIR = 1). Results: After accounting for socio-economic status, age, and geographic region, the SIRs of OSAS in boys and girls with a parent affected by OSAS were 3.09 (95% CI 1.83-4.90) and 4.46 (95% CI 2.68-6.98), respectively. The SIRs of adenotonsillar or tonsillar hypertrophy in boys and girls with a parent affected by OSAS were 1.82 (95% CI 1.54-2.14) and 1.56 (95% CI 1.30-1.87), respectively. Conclusion: This study indicates familial clustering of sleep-disordered breathing, which is important information for clinicians. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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9.
  • Shu, Xiaochen, et al. (författare)
  • Cancer risk in patients hospitalised for Graves' disease: a population-based cohort study in Sweden
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1532-1827. ; 102:9, s. 1397-1399
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The possibility of an association of Graves' disease (GD) with subsequent cancers raised by certain studies. METHODS: Using a database on 18 156 hospitalised GD patients, subsequent cancers were ascertained. RESULTS: Increased risks of thyroid and parathyroid tumours were limited to the early follow-up period, which is probably a surveillance bias. Cancer sites with observed excess included the mouth and breast, in contrast to decreased risks of colon cancer, melanoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. CONCLUSION: Increased subsequent cancers in GD patients appeared to be balanced by decreased risks at other sites; chance cannot be excluded. British Journal of Cancer (2010) 102, 1397-1399. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605624 www.bjcancer.com Published online 30 March 2010 (C) 2010 Cancer Research UK
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10.
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