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Sökning: WFRF:(Svensson Johan 1964)

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  • Svensson, Johan, 1964, et al. (författare)
  • Liver-derived IGF-I regulates kidney size, sodium reabsorption, and renal IGF-II expression.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The Journal of endocrinology. - 0022-0795. ; 193:3, s. 359-66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The GH/-IGF-I axis is important for kidney size and function and may also be involved in the development of renal failure. In this study, the role of liver-derived endocrine IGF-I for kidney size and function was investigated in mice with adult liver-specific IGF-I inactivation (LI-IGF-I(-/-) mice). These mice have an 80-85% reduction of serum IGF-I level and compensatory increased GH secretion. Seven-month-old as well as 24-month-old LI-IGF-I(-/-) mice had decreased kidney weight. Glomerular filtration rate, assessed using creatinine clearance as well as creatinine clearance corrected for body weight, was unchanged. The 24-h urine excretion of sodium and potassium was increased in the LI-IGF-I(-/-) mice. In the 24-month-old mice, there was no between-group difference in kidney morphology. Microarray and real-time PCR (RT-PCR) analyses showed a high renal expression of IGF-II in the control mice, whereas in the LI-IGF-I(-/-) mice, there was a tissue-specific decrease in the renal IGF-II mRNA levels (-79%, P < 0.001 vs controls using RT-PCR). In conclusion, deficiency of circulating liver-derived IGF-I in mice results, despite an increase in GH secretion, in a global symmetrical decrease in kidney size, increased urinary sodium and potassium excretion, and a clear down regulation of renal IGF-II expression. However, the LI-IGF-I(-/-) mice did not develop kidney failure or nephrosclerosis. One may speculate that liver-derived endocrine IGF-I induces renal IGF-II expression, resulting in symmetrical renal growth.
  • Almqvist, Erik G, et al. (författare)
  • Increased plasma concentrations of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide in patients with mild primary hyperparathyroidism.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical endocrinology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0300-0664. ; 65:6, s. 760-766
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is associated with heart disease. The aims of the present study were to evaluate how cardiac function and secretion of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) correlate in patients with mild PHPT, and how the plasma level of NT-proBNP is influenced by cure of the parathyroid disease. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Forty-two patients with PHPT without symptoms of heart disease were examined before and 1 year after curative parathyroidectomy. MEASUREMENTS: Plasma or serum concentrations of NT-proBNP, calcium, PTH, creatinine, oestradiol, testosterone and SHBG were measured. Cardiac function was evaluated by equilibrium radionuclide angiography (ERNA). RESULTS: At baseline, NT-proBNP levels correlated negatively with systolic function [left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), P < 0.001]. Twelve per cent of the patients had NT-proBNP levels above normal reference values preoperatively. One year postoperatively, the corresponding proportion was 21%. The mean plasma concentration of NT-proBNP increased after parathyroidectomy (P < 0.01) in parallel with a dip in diastolic function (peak filling rate, P < 0.05) and a falling trend in systolic function (LVEF, P = 0.08). The postoperative percentage changes in circulating NT-proBNP and total oestradiol correlated positively (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with mild PHPT and normal renal function may have high levels of circulating NT-proBNP despite the absence of symptomatic heart disease. Cure of the parathyroid disease is followed by a further increase in NT-proBNP secretion in parallel with ERNA measures, indicating subclinical changes in heart function. These results are in line with data indicating an association between PHPT and increased risk of premature death.
  • Karimi, Mahssa, et al. (författare)
  • Increased neck soft tissue mass and worsening of obstructive sleep apnoea after growth hormone treatment in men with abdominal obesity : Growth hormone and obstructive sleep apnoea in abdominally obese men
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. - 1550-9389. ; 6:3, s. 256-263
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are male gender, obesity and abnormalities in neck soft tissue mass. OSA is associated with both growth hormone (GH) excess and severe GH deficiency in adults. Adults with abdominal obesity have markedly suppressed GH secretion. Aim To study the effect of GH treatment on OSA in abdominally obese men with impaired glucose tolerance. Patients and Methods Forty men with abdominal obesity and glucose intolerance were randomized in a prospective, 12-month, double-blind trial to receive either GH or placebo. The treatment groups had similar BMI and waist circumference. Overnight polysomnography and computed tomography to assess muscle and fat distribution in the neck and abdomen were performed at baseline and after 12 months. Results GH treatment increased insulin-like growth-factor-1 from (mean (SD)) 168(17) to 292(28) μg/L, the apnea-hypopnea index from (n/h) 31(20) to 43(25) and oxygen-desaturation index from (n/h) 18(14) to 29(21) (p=0.0001, 0.001, 0.002). Neck transverse diameter, circumference and total cross-sectional area (p=0.007, 0.01, 0.02) increased while abdominal visceral adipose tissue (p=0.007) was reduced. No between-group differences in total sleep time, REM sleep, non-REM sleep and time spent in supine position were found. The Epworth sleepiness scale score was unchanged. Conclusions GH treatment increased the severity of OSA in abdominally obese men. The possible mechanism appears to be reflected by the GH-induced increase of measures of neck volume. The present results, to some extent, argue against that low GH/IGF-I activity is a primary cause of OSA in abdominally obese men.
  • Liu, Johan, 1960, et al. (författare)
  • Stem Cell Growth and Migration on Nanofibrous Polymer Scaffolds and Micro-Fluidic Channels on Silicon-Chip
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2009 Electronic Components and Technology Conference. - 0569-5503. - 9781424444762 ; , s. 1080-1085
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Stem cell growth and migration on nanofibrous scaffolds and micro-fluidic channels on Silicon-Chip were studied by using neural stem cells isolated from adult rats' brain. Electrospinning and lithographic technique were used for developing nanofibrous-polylactic acid (PLA) and polyurethane (PU) based-scaffolds and micro-fluidic channels on Si-Chips respectively. Immunocytochemical and morphological analysis showed better cell-matrix interaction with profound adhesion, proliferation and migration on the developed scaffolds. Cell culture assay with microfluidic channel revealed the ability of developed channel system in guiding neuronal stem cell growth towards specified directions. These studies extend the possibility of using developed nanofibrous scaffolds and micro-fluidic channel system for future electrical signal transmission based on living neural stem cells.
  • Michaëlsson, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • The novel antidepressant ketamine enhances dentate gyrus proliferation with no effects on synaptic plasticity or hippocampal function in depressive-like rats
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Acta Physiologica. - 1748-1708. ; 225:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim Major depressive disorder is a common and debilitating condition with substantial economic impact. Treatment options, although effective, are aimed at relieving the symptoms with limited disease modification. Ketamine, a commonly used anaesthetic, has received substantial attention as it shows rapid antidepressant effects clinically. We studied the effects of ketamine on hippocampal function and dentate gyrus proliferation in rats showing a depressive-like phenotype. Methods Adolescent and adult animals were pre-natally exposed to the glucocorticoid analog dexamethasone, and we verified a depressive-like phenotype using behavioural tests, such as the sucrose preference. We subsequently studied the effects of ketamine on hippocampal synaptic transmission, plasticity and dentate gyrus proliferation. In addition, we measured hippocampal glutamate receptor expression. We also tested the ketamine metabolite hydroxynorketamine for NMDA-receptor independent effects. Results Surprisingly, our extensive experimental survey revealed limited effects of ketamine or its metabolite on hippocampal function in control as well as depressive-like animals. We found no effects on synaptic efficacy or induction of long-term potentiation in adolescent and adult animals. Also there was no difference when comparing the dorsal and ventral hippocampus. Importantly, however, ketamine 24 hours prior to experimentation significantly increased the dentate gyrus proliferation, as revealed by Ki-67 immunostaining, in the depressive-like phenotype. Conclusion We find limited effects of ketamine on hippocampal glutamatergic transmission. Instead, alterations in dentate gyrus proliferation could explain the antidepressant effects of ketamine.
  • Nilsson, Johanna, 1993, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid biomarker panel for synaptic dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring. - : Elsevier. - 2352-8729. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction Synaptic dysfunction and degeneration is one of the earliest events in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the best correlate of cognitive decline. Thus, identification and validation of biomarkers reflecting synaptic degeneration to be used as prognostic biomarkers are greatly needed. Method Solid-phase extraction and parallel reaction monitoring mass spectrometry were used to quantify 17 synaptic proteins in CSF, in two cross-sectional studies including AD (n = 52) and controls (n = 37). Results Increased concentrations of beta-synuclein, gamma-synuclein, neurogranin, phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein 1, and 14-3-3 proteins were observed in AD patients compared to controls, while neuronal pentraxin-2 and neuronal pentraxin receptor were decreased. Discussion We have established a method with a novel panel of synaptic proteins as biomarkers of synaptic dysfunction. The results indicate that several of the proteins included in the panel may serve as synaptic biomarkers for AD.
  • Pannee, Josef, 1979, et al. (författare)
  • The amyloid-β degradation pattern in plasma-A possible tool for clinical trials in Alzheimer's disease
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Neuroscience Letters. - 0304-3940 .- 1872-7972. ; 573, s. 7-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Amyloid beta (Aβ) is the main component of plaques, the central neuropathological hallmark in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ is derived from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β- and γ-secretase-mediated cleavages. A large number of Aβ peptides are found in cerebrospinal fluid and these peptides are produced in specific metabolic pathways, which are important for diagnosis, in drug development and to explore disease pathogenesis. To investigate whether a similar pattern could be found also in blood samples, an immunoprecipitation (IP) based method for enrichment of Aβ peptides from human plasma was developed. The peptides were analyzed using matrix-assisted-laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight/time-of-flight mass spectrometry for Aβ profiling and selected reaction monitoring (SRM) for MS quantification of Aβ1-38, Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 using tripe quadrupole MS. Sixteen N- or C-terminally truncated Aβ peptides were reproducibly detected in human plasma, of which 11 were verified by tandem MS. In a pilot study including 9 AD patients and 10 controls, where Aβ1-38, Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 were quantified using SRM, no AD-associated change in plasma levels of the peptides were observed. Using MS-based measurement techniques, we show that several Aβ peptides can be monitored in a single analysis and the developed methods have the potential to be used as a read out in clinical trials of drugs affecting APP processing or Aβ homeostasis. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
  • Peker, Yüksel, 1961, et al. (författare)
  • Sleep apnoea and quality of life in growth hormone (GH)-deficient adults before and after 6 months of GH replacement therapy
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clin Endocrinol (Oxf).. ; 65:1, s. 98-105.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sleep architecture and breathing as well as quality of life (QoL) in adults with GH deficiency (GHD) before and 6 months after GH replacement therapy. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. PATIENTS: Nineteen consecutive adults with GHD (11 men, eight women; mean age 53, range 21-73 years) were studied. MEASUREMENTS: An overnight sleep study was performed and the Minor Symptom Evaluation Profile (MSEP), Functional Outcome of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ), Short Form 36 (SF-36) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) questionnaires were applied at baseline and after the treatment period. RESULTS: For the whole group, there were no significant changes in mean total sleep time (TST; 370 min vs. 374 min), proportion of slow-wave sleep (SWS; 17.8%vs. 18.4%) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep (12.1%vs. 13.9%) on GH replacement. Mean apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) was high and remained unchanged (28.2/h before vs. 28.0/h following GH replacement). Twelve patients (63%) were found to have obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA; AHI >or= 10/h) at baseline. Compared with GH-deficient patients without OSA (AHI 3.9/h), the OSA patients (AHI 42.4/h) had less SWS (11.4%vs. 28.6%, P = 0.010) and REM sleep (10.1%vs. 15.5%, P = 0.036). A marginal increase was observed in REM sleep time (10.1% before vs. 12.7% after GH; P = 0.048) while SWS was unchanged in this group. Moreover, MSEP for General Well-being and Responsiveness, FOSQ scores for General Productivity, Activity Level and Vigilance as well as SF-36 domains for Vitality and Mental Health were improved. CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to some previous observations in a smaller group of patients, our data suggest that GH therapy does not induce or aggravate OSA in GH-deficient adults. Moreover, GH therapy may improve some of the QoL dimensions in these patients.
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